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Gc M. L. 

no. 1-6 





3 1833 01100 0608 


Order of Exercises 




Rev. T. Frank Waters. 

Introductory Address, 

Hon. Chas. A. Sayward. 


Rev. Edgar F. Davis, of Hamilton. 

Reading of the Declaration of Independence, 

By Arthur W. Hale. 

Music, Hail Columbia, 

Ipswich Cornet Band. 

Rev. Washington Choate, Irvington, N. Y. 

Singing of America accompanied by the Band 




8444- ' Publications, no. 1-29. Ipswich, 1394-1935, 

43 10. 



Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Five years ago we met to honor the memory of one of our 
early settlers who had rendered valiant service to the town 
and the colony, Maj. Gen. Daniel Dennison. Two years 
later we gathered on the Meeting House Green and paid 
tribute to those sturdy men who broke the wilderness and 
commenced the plantation which soon after was organized as 
a town. And to-day, on the anniversary of our National In- 
dependence, we meet again to celebrate the bold stand taken 
by Ipswich, two hundred years ago when the inhabitants in 
legal meeting assembled, enunciated the doctrine that there 
was no right of taxation without representation, and to com- 
memorate the lofty courage and Avatchful patriotism of the 
leaders in that historical transaction. This is an appropriate 
day on which to refresh ourselves with those events, for they 
were the shadows and premonitions of our Independence. 

They were the handwritings on the King's wall which to 
us seem to have been prophetic of the coming Nation. 

They were the beginning of the end, for from the day 
when John Wise stood in the meeting house on yonder hill 
and in strong terms denounced the arbitrary measures of the 
agents of the crown, until the last vestige of royalty left our 
shores, the struggle then begun was continued. And al- 
though defeated for the time, the influence of that town 
meeting, held on that August day two hundred years ago, un- 

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tier tlie lead of John Wise, John Appleton, William Goodhue, 
Robert Kinsman, John Andrews and Thomas French, was 
felt through all the subsequent struggles with the crown, un- 
til our Independence was acknowledged and the principles 
then put in issue were fully established. Later events, like 
the wars of the Revolution and the Rebellion, may seem to 
obscure such early transactions, and make them appear to be of 
minor importance, yet it is well for us to pause and study 
those days and the men who made their history, and see how 
much we are indebted to them for our present prosperity and 

The old town has grown much since those days, and has 
seen two of her daughters, Essex and Hamilton, set up town 
keeping for themselves, both of whom we have invited to join 
us in reviving the days of Sir Edmund Andros and the men 
who dared to defy him. 

The descendants of the early settlers of Ipswich are scat- 
tered far and wide throughout the land and they are all proud 
to trace their way back to their Ipswich ancestry and we are 
proud to find them filling positions of trust and honor. 

One of the noted men of the early days of our history was 
Reginald Foster who dwelt near the Choate Bridge. His de- 
scendants are many and are scattered throughout the United 
States. Many of them have become eminent in the business 
or professional world, others have fought on the battle-field or 
were engaged in naval battles of Colonial and Revolutionary 

One of the descendants of this early settler adorns the 
pulpit of the Congregational Church of Hamilton and I am 
sure you will be pleased to listen to him. It gives me great 
pleasure to introduce to you Rev. Edgar F. Davis as the poet 
of this occasion. 


Poem read at the JOHN WISE Celebration at Ipswich, Mass., 
July $th, 1887, by Rev. Edgar Foster Davis, oj Hamilto?i 
("the Hamlet"). 

I will not sing of War's alarms, — 
The onset fierce, the clash of arms, 
The victor's cheer, the vanquished foe, 
The reddened field, the wail of woe ; 
Thou dost thy wonted aid refuse, 
To sing of bloody strife, O Muse ! 
Not mine the task this day to tell 
Of how our fathers fought and fell 
On Bunker's height, or Monmouth plain, 
Redemption for this land to gain ; 
Oft has the tale been told or sung, 
Oft have these walls with paeans rung 
And still shall ring for those who dared 
To face their haughty foes, and bared 
Their bosoms to the storm, and shared 
The fame of those in every age 
Whose names illume the historic page ! 
Immortal praise and honor be 
To Warren, Hancock, Putnam, Lee, 
And all their sturdy, brave compeers, 
Who in those dark and stormy years 
Imperilled life, and home, and all, 
From Tyranny to disenthrall 

The land that gave them birth, 
Nor sheathed the sword their valor drew 
Till, piercing the angry darkness through, 
The morning star of Freedom gleamed, 
Whose cheering rays aye brighter beamed — 

Enlightening the earth ! 
Still let their name and deeds be sung 
In every land, by every tongue ; 
Still let the trumpet's voice proclaim 
To all mankind their noble fame, 
And to his son the sire rehearse, 
In simple phrase or sounding verse, 
The story of that yeoman strife 
Whence issued forth a nation's life! 


But here to-day I'll tune my lyre, 

And sing a loftier lay : 
My muse shall tell whence rose the fire 
That flamed in patriotic ire, 

And in a later day 
In lurid wrath swept from our land 
The Tyrant's hateful, hireling band 

And made it free for aye ! 
I'll sing the long forgotten brave, 
I'll lay my offering on the grave 
Of ONE who dared what mortal man 
E'er dared to do beneath the ban 
Of tyrant lord since time began ! 

" Before great Agamemnon's time," 
Whilom 'twas said in prose or rhyme, 
"That men were good, and wise, and great 
As that great king within the state." 
So here, upon this virgin sod 
Were kingly men as ever trod 
The earth, ere yet the Tyrant's hand 
Was heavy laid upon this land ; 
Ere yet the gage of strife was laid, 
And Freedom's costly ransom paid. 
A kingly race at first did brave 
The threat'ning storm, the wintry wave 
To found an empire where should meet 
Religion, peace, and concord sweet ; 
And others sailed the western sea ; 
This air they breathed — and they were free, 
And henceforth scorned oppression's rod, 
And leaned on Justice and their God. 

And there was One— Oh, would that now 
Some power puissant would endow 
With matchless skill my pencil rude, 

To faithfully portray 
The life unselfish, brave, and good 
Of him, with godlike strength endued, 
Who first oppression's power withstood 

In that far distant day ! 
Roll backward now, ye centuries twain, 
Roll back, and to these scenes again 
The stalwart form, the kingly mien — 
(No kinglier soul has lived, I ween !) 
Bring to our grateful, longing eyes 
The Sage, and Patriot Pastor — WISE. 

Behold, he comes ! His saintly face 
Beams with a bright, celestial grace ; 
And on his brow of thoughtful mould 
Is that proclaims the leader bold. 
With stride majestic see him near 


The haunts that to his heart are dear ! 

The placid river winding down 

Below the hill-engirdled town, 

Whose scattered roofs, white-shingled, gleam 

And stand reflected in the stream. 

Sweet Agawam, who now shall trace 

The pristine beauty of thy face, 

When bosomed in primeval green, 

The sturdy yeoman's cot was seen — 

The home of thrift and mild content, 

Stern labor's meed and monument, 

And, poured round all, the silent (lood 

Moved Oceanward through towering wood. 

The busy hand of time hath wrought 

Upon thy maiden face, and brought 

The wealth of many years, but not 

A wrinkle on thy brow hath made, 

For thou art lovely still ; each glade 

And hill and stream and grove and glen 

Are summer-mantled now as then. 

Thou'rt lovely still, though not the same 

Fair Agawam, as when He came 

On that auspicious summer's clay, 

And trod alone thy rugged way. 

Thy hills are mansion-crowned, and now 

Proud towers adorn thy rocky brow, 

And stately spires in grandeur rise 

To pierce the sunlit summer skies. 

No scenes like these that glad our eyes 
Rejoice the heart of Pastor Wise. 
From far Chebacco's rugged shore 
Resounding with the hollow roar 
Of Ocean's ceaseless, pulsing beat, 
He comes with eager, hurrying feet — 
There was his pulpit-throne, and there 
Dwelt with the Hock beneath his care 
This man of God, and shepherd rare, 
And with persuasive voice and mien 
Had led them forth in pastures green, 
Till all from him had learned ere long 
Neither to do nor suffer wrong. 

Across the narrow bridge he hies, 
Along the road that nearest lies 
Below the ledge, to lead him on 
To where the sturdy Appleton 
The pastor's coming doth await 
Impatient at his farmhouse gate, 
With Goodhue, Kinsman, Andrews, French 
Close-seated on the rustic bench 
Hard by the settlers open door — 
And standing near them scarce a score 
Of stalwart yeomen hear intent 
Their earnest words without dissent. 


Now low descends the summer sun, 
Robing the home of Appleton 
In evening's soft and mellow light, 
While far and near each wood-crowned height 
With blushes greets the approaching night. 

The scene is changed. I look again : 
Behold, a motley group of men 
With faces seamed, hands grimed with toil, 
Sons of the foodful sea and soil. 
Within a spacious room they stand, 
Or thoughtful sit on either hand, 
While in their midst, with earnest eyes, 
I see the reverend pastor rise. 
And scanning close each serious face 
That turns to his of beaming grace, 
He utters that impassioned plea, 

For civil rights — for liberty, 
Assailing the unjust decree 

Of tyrant Andros bitterly. 

Such eloquence as his was heard 
In ancient Greece, I ween, 
When like the sea was Athens stirred 
To valor by her leader's word, 

And wakening from her dream 
Of peace, strove long to overthrow 
Her haughty Macedonian foe. 

" It is my voice," the pastor said, 
"This unjust tax must ne're be paid ! 
What neighbor towns may vote to do 
I cannot help, no more can you; 
But let, I say, this goodly town 
Ne'er cringe beneath a tyrant's frown. 
We'll pay his tribute only when 
We're governed here as free-born men ; 
Our God is just— our king is good ! 
So live or die, come fire or Hood, 
Come peace or war, come weal or woe, 
No God-given right will we forego ! " 

He said. That saying— who shall tel 
The influence of its magic spell ? 
]t roused those Saxon breasts to flame, 
And bade them swear, in Justice' name, 
Resistance to oppression's power 
From henceforth to their latest hour. 

Thus kindled, did that sacred fire 
Within those dauntless breasts expire? 
What though they felt the Tyrant's hate, 
And met the prisoners' dismal fate ! 
As well might scorn and prison bars 



Seek to control the burning stars ! 
Fetter the eagle as you will, 
Released, he is an eagle still ! 

The word was said, the deed was done, 
And Freedom's conflict was begun ; 
The torch was lit that through all time, 
In all this land, in every clime, 
Should lead men from the Egyptian night 
Of bondage, into peace and light 
Kindled at God's own altar here. 
Behold it shining forth to cheer 
The soul oppressed with chilling fear ! 
Like beacon star it gleamed afar 

And Henry saw its steady ray, 
And with a prophet's voice proclaimed 

The dawning of a better day. 
From Massachusetts' rock-bound shore 

To Carolina's sunlit strand, 
That heavenly radiance as of yore 

Led on each brave, devoted b ind ; 
Like lurid light'ning from the cloud 

It flashed on Bunker's height ; 
From out each battle's murky shroud 

Broke forth its meteor light. 
Where'er was joined the freeman's strife, 

Where'er the freeman's blood 
Was freely shed for truth and life, 

That fiery pillar stood. 
At Gettysburg and Malvern Hill, 

Where met the Blue and Grey, 
The fire of Old Chebacco still 

To victory led the way. 
And still that llame burns on, and when 

A thousand years have flown, 
And countless tribes of toiling men, 

Like these, have come and gone, 
That heavenly light shall beam as bright, 

And lead the world alone. 

There's a legend old that still is told 

Along the German Rhine, 
That a Warrior-king in the days of spring, 

Walks by that stream divine. 

And over the land with a bounteous hand 
He scatters his favors free, 

Till the mighty name of Charlemagne 
Is sung from Alp to sea. 


The Patriot Spirit lingers here ; 

And over each vale and hill 
Where our fathers strayed, and toiled and prayed, 

Rests their benediction still. 

By each grass-grown grave where sleep the brave 

Of our own or the elder day. 
In the silent night as in noon-day light, 

Doth their spirit walk alway. 

And through all this land, from the white sea-strand 

To the inland river's How, 
As the guard and guide of the nation wide 

Shall their angel footsteps go ; 

Till the earth shall reel and the stars shall fall, 
And the waves shall roll no more, 

As they roll to-day and throw their spray 
On the bold Chebacco shore ; 

Till the silvery gleam of thy winding stream, 

Fair Agawam, at last, 
Shall only seem but a vanished dream, 

When thy glory all is past; 

Till the moon is dead, and from out his bed 

The sun no more shall rise, 
And with lingering ray no longer play 

On the grave of the Patriot WISE. 

Ladles and Gentlemen : 

In the early history of the Colony the ministers were the 
leaders in all matters political as well as religious. The 
people turned to them in every emergency. The magis- 
trates and officers of the government frequently called 
upon them for advice in public affairs. Indeed the General 
Court called them together to confer with them about all 
important matters. As a body they were always defenders of 
the rights of the Colonists under the Charter and had done 
much to inspire them with the courage to maintain their con- 
struction of it. 

Of the ministers of Ipswich, Nathaniel Ward drafted the 
first laws of the Colony, called the Body of liberties, and ad- 


vised the Governor and Council during the La Tour difficulty 
John Norton was sent to England as a Colonial agent. 

Thomas Cobbett was appointed on a Committee to con- 
sider the "patent laws and privileges and duty towards His 
Majesty," and was one of the twenty-four Elders who were 
asked to advise the Assistant about the complaint of Gorges 
and Mason to the King. 

In the conflict with Andros, another of our ministers stood 
up and boldly counselled the people to disobey the royal agent. 

It therefore seems very appropriate that the orator for this 
occasion should come from the ranks of the clergy, — and such 
an one, who springs from sturdy Ipswich stock, I now intro- 
duce to you, the Rev. Washington Choate. 



To commemorate the deeds of a true and heroic ancestry* 
the sons of old Ipswich are gathered here to-day. 

From amidst the waving crops upon the hillsides and in the 
valleys of New England ; from the counting rooms and 
manufactories of her cities; from the waters which Wash her 
shore on the east and from the mountains which tower along 
her northern border, back to the birth place of the generations 
have the children come, obedient to the call that bids them 
remember the valor of those whose very lives are woven into 
the structure of our honored and cherished institutions of 

The events which have found commemoration in these 
later years have too frequently been those of the recent civil 
conflict, even to the neglect of those which belonged to the 
period of our national birth. 

Most eminently fitting is that still farther backward glance 
out over another century in a history Avhose century- 
periods are so few, to the very fountain springs of the stream, 
which in 177(3 had gathered the force suflicent to proclaim 
and to win, though at the cost and through the agonies of a 
long and exhausting war, national independence with its 
sublimest fruits, — liberty, civil and religious. 

It was by divine requirement that the people of the old 
Hebrew nation were kept familiar with the historical origin of 
their national institutions. Parents were required to instruct 
their children in this regard. With each return of the great 
annual festival which commemorated the emancipation of the 


race from foreign despotism, the Hebrew father took back the 
child to that great struggle through which the nation was 
born; and the power of its inspiration was never suffered to 
die out of those hearts. The historic facts, out of which that 
festival of old sprang, lived from age to age in all their fresh- 
ness and proved an ever active moulding force in that national 

In this practice there was deep wisdom. It gave the great 
central institution a hold upon the affections of each succes- 
sive generation which could not easily be unloosed. It held 
each age in living connection with the fountain springs of 
their life. 

So you do well, citizens of this old Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, — dwellers on this historic spot, made sacred 
by the footsteps and voice of John Winthrop and by the 
presence of those associated men and women, — among the 
noblest of earth's noble ones, to call back to the old home 
the scattered sons and daughters of that heroic ancestry to 
join in this fdial remembrance of their heroism, their patriot- 
ism, their quick and clear insight into every approach of 
royal tyranny, and their spontaneous and united resistance to 
every effort to lay the hand of despotism upon the freeman of 
the new world. 

" It is well," spoke the voice which, three and fifty years ago, 
on the bi-centennial celebration of the settlement of your 
town, so eloquently pictured the colonial age of New Eng- 
land : — " It is well thus filially, thus piously, to wipe away 
the dust, if you may, which 200 years have gathered upon the 
the tombs of the fathers. 

" It is well that you have gathered yourselves together on 
this spot; that as you stand here and look abroad upon as 
various and as inspiring a view as the sun shines upon ; as 
you see fields of grain bending before the light summer winds, 
flocks upon the tops and descents of the many rising hills ; 
the slow river winding between still meadows, ministering in 


its way to the processes of nature and of art, — losing itself at 
last in the sea, as life busy or quiet glides into immortality; 
as you hear peace and plenty proclaiming with a thousand 
voices the reign of freedom, law, order, morality, religion ; it 
is well that standing here you should look backward as well 
as around you and forward, — that you should call to mind to 
whom under God you owe all these things ; whose weakness 
has grown into strength ; whose sorrows have brought this 
exceeding great joy, whose tears and blood, as they scattered 
the seed of that cold, late, ungenial and uncertain spring, 
have fertilized this natural and moral harvest, which is rolled 
out at your feet as one unbounded flood." 

But the sweep of our vision is not so broad to-day, as when, 
half a century ago, our fathers — perchance some of this gath- 
ering, turned back over the Colonial Period of New England 


It is not all that past — not any extended portion of it that 
we can remember to-day. 

Out from the century and a half which lies between the 
settlement of Agawam, under the leadership of John Win- 
throp, the son of Massachusetts' first governor, and that 
dividing line of colonial and national life, the war of the 
Revolution, — there rises before us one decade, nay, one brief 
half decade, in which transpired the event that calls for the 
loyal and filial remembrance of each successive generation ; 
that inhales the air which they breathed Avho wrought those 
noble deeds and lived those truly heroic lives. 

It is an event, single, specific, sharply outlined in time and 
feature, in character and significance which summons us to 
this commemorative service. 

We come not to look over that long j^'ocession of deeds and 
persons which pass before our vision as we review those years 
of arduous conflict with primeval nature, with aboriginal life, 
with an ever present repressive power that stretched its hand 
across the seas. It is not colonization, it is not the conquest 


of a now world, it is not ;i spreading civilization which rises 
before our minds to-day. We have a specific and single duty 
to perform. To one page of history we turn. It is not New 
England's past, so brilliant in its leadership through that 
century and a half, but old Ipswich, in one event of its early 
annals,— in one hour of its infant life. To set that hour and 
that event be ton; our minds is my first duty at this time. 
There was no darker hour in the whole period of New Eng- 
land Colonial history. To briefly trace the oncoming of that 
night, let us turn back a quarter of a century and recall the 
light and hope which then brightened this Commonwealth. 

In 1(>61, when news reached these shores that the English 
Commonwealth established by Cromwell had fallen, and that 
the Stuart Charles II, was on the throne, the General Court of 
Massachusetts alarmed by the repeated rumors borne on every 
crossing ship, of threatened changes in the government of the 
colonies, set forth a distinct declaration of what they deemed 
their rights under their Charter. 

This declaration claimed for the freemen power to choose their 
own governor, deputy governor, magistrates and representa- 
tives ; to prescribe terms for the admission of additional free- 
men ; to set up all soils of officers, superior and inferior, with 
such powers and duties as they might appoint ; to exercise by 
their annually elected magistrates and deputies, all authority, 
legislative, executive, judicial ; to defend themselves by force of 
arms against every aggression ; and to reject any and every 
imposition which they might judge prejudicial to the Colony. 

Here is practical independence of crown or parliament. 
We behold an essentially free colony of freemen, in the ex- 
ercise of freemen's rights of self government, self defence 
and self development. And this declaration was in accord 
with the practice of the Colony. It was the utterance of rights 
which they had ever asserted and had for nearly half a century 
exercised. New England was a democracy within the limits 
which the religious convictions of the age prescribed. 

18 OllATION. 

Jt concerns us not, to discuss at this time, those religious 
ideas whicli underlay that newly planted life, nor the limita- 
tions which those ideas east around civil and political rights 
and privileges. The Colony of Massachusetts Bay in 1(561 
claimed, exercised and rejoiced in essential self government 
and freedom. 

While not a thought of severance from the government 
across the waters had dawned upon them ; while they owned 
themselves a Colony of the mother-land ; while the occupant 
of the English throne was their Sovereign, and Westminster 
the source of their political power; they yet had freedom, 
sufficient to teach them its 'worth and to inspire and elevate 
their souls, wearied, hut not despondent, from the contentions 
and trials with the parent country. 

" They were just so far short of perfect freedom that in- 
stead of reposing for a moment in the mere fruition of what 
they had, they were kept emulous and eager for more, looking 
all the while up and aspiring to rise to a loftier height, to 
breathe a purer air, to bask in a brighter beam." 

Let now, the essential freedom of this Mass. Bay Colony in 
1661 be our point of comparsion as we transplant ourselves 
into the midst of the darkness which had gathered over them 
in 1687, a darkness broken, not by a sweeping away of the 
clouds from their skies, but by a kindled fire of heroic patriot- 
ism in the heart of the Colony, the first flash of which 
blazed forth from the signal tower of this Ipswich hill-top, 
to be answered by the beacon light of well nigh every town 
in the old County of Essex. 

So broad an interpretation of the Charter rights of the 
colonists as the declaration of the General Court of 1661 had 
asserted, it was scarcely to be expected that the newly crowned 
Charles II, would acknowledge. And the return of the two 
Commissioners, Bradstreet and Norton, whom the Colony had 
despatched to the English Court, revealed the fact that the 
royal power was gathering its energies to reassert itself and 
even to augment its authority over its distant members. 



That quarter century which lies between 1661 and 1686, 
forms a distinct chapter in the long story of the struggle be- 
tween Crown and Parliament on one hand, and on the other, 
the insuppressible spirit of liberty and self government of the 
colonists, who, seeking religious freedom, here awoke to the 
fact that civil freedom was also their birthright. 

That Chapter of the "irrepressible conflict" cannot be told 
to-day. Its ever darkening pages through the governorships of 
Bellingham, Leverett and Bradstreet tell the story of deepen- 
ing gloom in the sky until at last the blackness of darkness 
swept down upon them in the wresting of their Charter from 
them in 1684. " Massachusetts as a body politic was no 
more. That elaborate fabric which had been four and fifty 
years in building was levelled with the dust." She was no 
longer a part of the British Empire ; she helonged to the King 
of England by virtue of the discovery of the Cabots. Her 
people might not claim any birthright of Englishmen as such, 
but the crown of England might rule and govern them in 
such a manner as it should think lit. She had no law making 
power, no executive power of her own. This was the Court 
doctrine. This was the import of that decree which issued 
from Westminster Hall, Oct. 28, 1084. To hearts less res- 
olute than those of our fathers, it must have seemed at that 
hour as if liberty had iled the earth ;■ — " had returned to the 
heavens from whence she; had descended." 

The foot of the tyrant was on the neck of the Colony, with 
a tread that was not relaxed but strengthened, when the 
Second Charles gave over the throne to the Second James, 
and Andros, by royal appointment, — -sat in the seat of Win- 
throp and Endicott. 

Let us here stay for a moment's backward look and com- 
parison with 1661. 

Then a governor of then* own choice; a legislature, the 
General Court, of their own citizens ; magistrates to enforce 
the laws of their own making ; taxes of their own imposition 
and collected by their own appointed ollicers. 


Now, the humiliated Colony stripped of all power of self 

government, robbed of all the rights and privileges \v<>n by 
her valor and sufferings; now she finds in place of a governor 
chosen by freemen, in the exercise of a freeman's right, " His 
majesty's lieutenant and governor general of the Dominion 
of New England," the appointee of the Crown and worthy 
to serve such a Master; now, in place of the colonial assembly 
and Governor's Council, the ripest minds, the noblest 
spirits, the truest hearts of the Colony, there is gathered 
about His majesty's lieutenant a council, of which a few 
members, less than the majority in sympathy with and sub- 
servient to the royalist governor, grasped and wielded the 
whole civil power. 

"And they exercised it in the very spirit of the worst of 
the Stuarts. 

The old, known body of Colonial laws and customs was 
silently and totally abolished. New laws wen. 1 made: taxes 
assessed; an administration, all new and gallingly vexatious, 
was introduced, not by the people in General Court, but by 
the puppit of James, and a faction of the Council, in whose 
election they had no vote ; over whose proceedings they had 
no control; to whom their rights and interests and lives, were 
all as nothing, compared with the lightest wish of the Tyrant 
and Papist whom they served." 

TJiat was the darkness of night which had shut down on 
those noble lives, after the brightness of '61. Here ends a 
chapter of New England History. Ends ? Nay, its brightest 
page is yet to be written; its grandest event is yet to be told. 
Clear among the closing paragraphs of that chapter stands 
that event which should never he forgotten by a life that goes 
forth from this historic spot. Here should rise an enduring 
monument to tell to all generations to come the story of 
ancestral heroism, of fidelity to principle, of fearless obedience 
to conscience and devotion to country- 


The occasion of that event which brightens this dark chap. 
ter in the history of the Colonial period, was the culmina- 
tion of the despotic course of Andros. 

In three directions the power of his arbitrary government 
laid smitten heavily and keenly upon the past privileges and 
rights of the Colony. 

1. lie had demanded, and enforced his demand, that the 
puritan meeting houses of our fathers should be opened for 
the service of the established church of England, out from 
which they had tied. 

2. He had proclaimed that the proprietorship of all lands, 
even those which had been acquired under the charter of 
Charles I. vested in the English Crown. If such a claim be en- 
forced, then not one acre of land was there between the Pe- 
nobscot and the Hudson, which had not reverted to the King, 
and which could not be sold or given by him to others than 
those who had toiled to reclaim it from a stony wilderness, and 
laid fought to defend the homes they had planted on it from 
the ever present foe of the forest. 

3. He had come to this New England Colony, clad 
witli the authority and filled with the spirit to exercise 
the power of levying upon these people such taxes as he 
deemed needful for tin,- maintenance of his personal govern- 
ment. It was the exercise of this last assumed prerogative 
of despotism which awoke throughout the Colony, the 
spirit of resistance, and in which old Ipswich was the first 
to fling in the face of tyranny the refusal to obey. 

In August of 1087, in a little more than one half year from 
the day of his entering Boston Harbor, warrants went forth 
from the Council chamber of the already detested governor, 
levying upon the towns of Massachusetts Bay a tax, not in 
itself excessive, and commanding them to appoint each a 
commissioner who, with the selectmen, should assess the quota 
of the town upon its inhabitants. I hue was the spark which 
was to light the Haines of resistance, and that lire; burst forth 
from every ' vvn, save three, in Essex County. 


A meeting of tlie inhabitants of Ipswich was summoned for 
the 28i-d of August, for the choice of a commissioner, to unite 
with the selectmen in apportioning the quota of this town up- 
on its people and property. On the evening previous to that 
meeting, in the house of one of the foremost citizens of Aga- 
wam, Mr. John Appleton, on a spot near where now stands 
your railroad station, there assemhled a band of men, clear, 
sighted, true-hearted, loyal to this land of their adoption, or 
birth, tenacious of the rights of freemen, the Rev. John 
Wise, pastor of the recently organized Chebacco parish, with 
two of his parishioners, John Andrews and William Goodhue; 
together with Kobert Kinsman, Thomas French, and the host 
of the company, John Appleton himself, all honor to their 
names, to consult upon the answer which this town should 
render to the imperious demand of an .alien governor. 

Would that some hand could unveil that scene, germ of 
what was at length to grow into the Revolution of 1776, and 
into the freedom of 1887, would that the pen of history had 
recorded the words of those noble men ! 

But the judgment of that hour, that it was not the town's 
duty any way to assist that ill method of raising money with- 
out a "general assembly," was by the unanimous rote of the 
freemen of Ipswich, ratified on the following day, in their ac- 
tion, the record of which breathes forth in every word, patriot- 
ism, valor, and devotion to the liberties which had cost them 
and their fathers such sacrifices, that considering the said 
act, (that of the governor and council imposing the tax), 
" doth infringe their liberties as free born English subjects of 
His majesty, and by interfering with the statute laws of the 
land, by which it was enacted that no taxes should be levied 
on the subjects without consent of an assembly chosen by the 
freemen for assessing the same, they do, therefore, vote that 
they are not willing to choose a commissioner for such an end 
without such a privilege ; and they moreover, consent not that 
the selectmen do proceed to levy any such rate until it be ap- 


pointed by a general assembly, concurring with the governor 

and council." 

Truly had that little band of men on the evening previous, 
voiced the spirit of old Ipswich. They were lenders ; but 
side by side with them stood every freeman of the town, shoul- 
der to shoulder in the line of resistance to arbitrary power, in 
the assertion of the birthright of freemen to lay upon them- 
selves through their representative assembly such burdens of 
taxation as were deemed needful. And that vote went forth 
from this spot to the council chamber of the despotic Andros, 
as the answer of the Yeomanry of Agawam to his high 
handed measure which would violate the hereditary rights of 
free born Englishmen. 

Fellow citizens, children of that generation, we cannot 
read that firm, unflinching, manly declaration of the great 
principle of all civil liberty, the principle which was destined 
within a century to become the rallying cry of the united 
colonies on these shores,— no taxation without representation, 
— we cannot read those words of our fathers without a thrill 
of pride that then, when the hearts of brave men, the colony 
over, had sunk within them, their charter torn from them, 
one of the worst of Sovereigns on the English tin-one, and a 
pliant, willing tool as his agent here, that then and there 
our fathers, knowing full well the power and spirit of his 
majesty's lieutenant at Boston, dared to assert the great prin- 
ciple of English libert}' and of the American Revolution. 

And shall it be the leaders alone of that deed of patriotism, 
who are remembered to-day? Or the rank and lile of 
Ipswich's brave hearted Yeomanry, who in public vote, and 
with united voice placed themseloe.H beside the little band, 
whose eloquence so easily rallied them to their support in 
their defiance of the British Crown? With all honor to those 
who guided and counselled the deliberations of that assembled 
body of freemen on the 23rd of Aug., 1(>87 ; with profound ad- 
miration for their clear insight into the policy of Andros, and 


their daring in counselling resistance, the pride of this town 
well may ho the unanunoux vote of her citizens which * k adopted 
that declaration of right and refused to collect or pay the 
tax which would have made them slaves." 

But upon Wise and Appleton and Andrews and Kinsman 
and Goodhue and French, was visited the penalty of leader- 
ship; arrested, carried without the bounds of the comity, im- 
prisoned, denied the writ of habeas corpus, they were tried by 
a packed jury, and declared guilty of contempt and misde- 
meanor. Fines, and bonds to keep the peace were imposed 
upon them ; Mr. Wise was suspended from the ministry ; and 
the others were disqualified for holding office. And here 
again the town nobly sustained them, refunding their tines ; 
and within two years, sending John Wise back to Boston as 
one of the Ipswich members of the convention to reestablish 
the old government, with Andros deposed and transported to 
the land whence he had come. 

But while we, the children of that generation, with those 
honored names current among us to-day, while we exult in 
the fact that as a town Ipswich stood unitedly against the 
royal tyranny, not one vacancy in her ranks, not one dis- 
senting vote in her refusal to surrender her chartered liberties, 
not one recreant to the spirit of those who had, across the water, 
contended with the tyranny of the First and Second Charles, and 
were so soon to rise for the overthrow of the Second James, 
while we to-day lienor the freemen of Aug. 23rd, 1687 as a 
united band of patriots, we may not fail also to render the 
meed of grateful homage, due that cluster of names, which 
will ever, in the annals of the town stand as the leaders in the 
event which brightens the pages of a dark chapter in the col- 
onial records. 

Of that group of men, who gathered in the house of John 
Appleton on the evening of Aug. 22nd. some, probably most. 
were of those who had made the sacrifice of self exile from 
the land of their birth, for the sake of the liberty denied them 

Oil ATI ON. 25 

there, but, as they believed, to be won, if not found here. 
Doubtless Appleton and Andrews and Kinsman and French, 
all excepting alone, Win. Goodhue Jr., and him whose, name 
heads every record of the event, the Rev. John Wise, were 
English born, and had disclosed the metal of their spirits 
and the fibre of their natures, in their surrender of the com- 
forts of an old England home for the toil and sufferings and 
hardships of a Neiv England freedom. 

That love of liberty, which had led them to break the ties 
that generations had woven around them, had, in some at least, 
been for half a century deepening and strengthening on these 
shores ; and it needed but the touch of the despotic hand of 
Andros to cause it to break forth in resolute, fearless resis- 
tance. But the foremost of that band of leaders, he who was 
first among the first,- — primus inter pares, — the liev. John 
Wise, was a son of New England, born within the sound of 
those waters, which, breaking on this stern and rock bound 
coast, separated every life that awoke to consciousness here by 
three thousand miles of stormy, trackless billows from crown 
and throne, and parliaments, and the divine right of Kings, 
and ushered every such life into an atmosphere whose one 
controlling element is the divine right of the people to self 
government, self defence, self development. 

Of what influences moulded the early youth of the Rox_ 
bury born lad, history is silent, save that the hand of the 
Apostle to the Indians, John Eliot, was laid upon his brow 
in the rite of baptismal consecration. From that noble, de- 
vout Indian missionary, who himself wrote so vigorously 
against " Kingly Governments " that an apology was de- 
manded of him, by the General Court of Massachusetts, the 
lad may have drank in much of his love of liberty. 

But that love* with nlmrninr/ patriotism was firmly planted 
there and early manhood finds him going forth with the col- 
onial forces in the war with King Philip. Between that 
period of military service, when he "marched with the troops 

2fi OltATrON. 

into the Naragansett country and this day, when he appears 
as Lender and statesman, lit; half a score of years. Those 
years had ripened his powers, strengthened his convictions, 
enlarged his vision, intensified his hatred ol' royal despotism. 
And now, from the heart ol* the young man of live and 
thirty, whose voice had for seven years heen heard in the 
pulpit of the Chebacco parish, come tin; words eloquent in 
their earnestness, powerful in their truth, persuasive to action, 
which called willing hearts about him and arrayed the free- 
men of Ipswich in an unbroken line, against the tyranny 
which, originating in the heart of James on the throne in old 
England, found a ready instrument Tor its execution and en- 
forcement in the man who was his majesty's lieutenant over 
the dominion of Neiv England. 

And in this leadership of the Chebacco minister, in a move- 
ment so entirely of a civil and political character, there is in- 
dicated the position which the colonial ministry occupied in 
civil and social as well as ecclesiastical and religious matters. 
In the history of that time one fact stands out above all 
others, the intellectual leadership of the clergy, and that too 
among a laity neither ignorant nor weak. The church and 
the school were the points around which colonial life centered. 
The meeting house and the college were the radiating centers 
of even the earliest age of the Massachusetts Hay Colony. 

"Among the earliest official records," says a late historian 
of American literature, kw there is a memorandum of articles 
needed there, to be procured from England, the list includes 
beans, peas, vine planters, potatoes, hop roots, brass ladles, 
spoons, and ministers." We do but justice to the ministers to 
say that in the original document the article last mentioned 
here, stands first. 

During the first sixty years, New England was a Theocracy 
and the ministers were in reality the chief officers of the 
State. It was not a departure from their sphere for them to 
deal with politics, for every thing pertaining to the State was 


included in the sphere of the church. While the newly 
planted nation was from the beginning, and ever to be, a 
church without a bishop and a State without a King, yet the 
highest political functionaries recognized the: ministers as in 
some sense their superior officers. " And the clergy, aware 
of the deference paid them, and the power of their influence, 
seldom abused it; never forgot it, And if ever men, of real 
worth and greatness deserved such preeminence, they did- 
They had wisdom, great learning, force of will, devout con- 
secration, philanthropy, purity of life." They were states- 
men, as well as theologians. 

And so that Chebacco preacher of the gospel of peace and 
righteousness was true to his office as well as to his principles 
when he led the assembled freemen of Ipswich to cast the 
first vote of all the towns of Massachusetts Bay Colony, in 
defiance of the edict of the hated, — Sir Edmund Andros. 

But as we recall the point to which Massachusetts had been 
humbled by the sovereign power of England ; as we have 
pictured the contrast between the New England of 16(31 and 
that of 1G8G ; and as through all that uninterrupted contro- 
versy with the crown, the colonists had ever planted them- 
selves upon their charter viyhta, — on what 'principle now, 
with charter wrested from them, with the sacred and solemn 
compact, as they had ever esteemed it, between them and 
their King, revoked, annulled, repudiated, — on what principle 
now shall these freemen stand and resist the hand that is 
fastening the chains of the slave upon them? 

If no longer "charter rights " afford them weapons of de- 
fence, whither shall they turn for the blade to cut the bonds 
with which his majesty's lieutenant is binding them? For 
this weapon, the sons of men who on England's soil had al- 
ready fought the same battle, were at no loss in seeking. 

It lay in the principle on which John Hampden, sixty years 
before, had resisted the arbitrary luxation of Charles 1, the 
principle which in 1215 at Runnymede, had been wrung (Venn 


the reluctant King John, and there woven in the constitutional 
life of the nation, and written in their magna charta, the 
principle upon which three quarters of a century later, Samuel 
Adams and Hancock and Warren stood, in their resistance of 
the stamp act, — that if any power but the people, can tax the 
people, there is an end of liberty. 

But we may not pursue farther this review of that event 
which called forth every noblest trait in those noble characters, 
courage, patriotism, self sacrifice. Not yet has that scene in 
which the fathers of Ipswich were the actors, been deservingly 
painted on the page of American history. It is worthy of the 
pen of a Prescott or a Motley. A two-fold significance at- 
taches to it. 

It was, first, the spontaneous and united action of the tree- 
men, of the second town in influence and importance in the 
colony of Massachusetts Bay. 

Ranking below Boston alone, of all the towns which three 
score years of inflowing life had planted, from the Penobscot 
to the Hudson, Ipxwich, the town 'which in this year of 
1687, had twenty-four graduates of Harvard College, which 
in 1673 had given the Deputy Governor to the Colony, 
Samuel SyinoncLs, which for ten years gave Samuel Appleton 
to the Governor's Council, u him who had the high honor to 
be arrested in 1689 by Andros and his faction in the Council," 
as being a disentient member of the board and disaffected to 
the government and put tinder bonds of a thousand pounds 
for good political behaviour : Ipswich, which gave a president 
to Harvard, which gave a, Governor to the Rhode Island 
Colony (Nicholas Eaton), Ipswich, of Ward, and Barker, 
and Saltonstall, ami Wise, of Norton and Rogers, and .Ap- 
pleton and Winthrop, held that position of influence and 
power, which could not fail to at art I e the haughty governor, 
though supported by the English throne, and arouse him to 
seek the suppression of such a band of freemen. 


But the abiding and universal significance of that event is, 
that it was the first note of the bugle call to Independence, to 
a national self existence, which, once awakened, never died 
out of the air, breaking forth once and again in the half cen- 
tury following, to be at length caught up and poured forth, 
from the plane of national interests and national liberty, in the 
eloquent words of Adams, Jefferson, Henry, Otis. 

The principle upon which stood the pleaders for liberty, who 
called the nation to set itself against the tyranny of the stamp 
act in 1767, was that which had been promulgated by our 
fathers from this spot three quarters of a century before. You 
do well to remember it to-day. It was the seed, it was the 
germ, from which grew the courage and resolve and finally 
national unity of 1770. Russell Lowell, writing of New Eng- 
land two centuries ago, says : — " Looked at on the outside, 
New England history is dry and unpicturesque, there is no 
rustle of silks, no waving of plumes, no clink of golden 

Our sympathies are not awakened by the changeful des- 
tinies, the rise and fall of great families, whose doom was in 
their blood. Instead of this we have the noise of axe and 
hammer and saw, an apotheosis of dogged work, wliere, revers- 
ing the fairy tale, nothing is left to luck, and if there be any 
poetry, it is something that cannot be helped, the waste of the 
water over the dam. Extrinsieally, it is prosaic and plebeian ; 
intrinsically it is poetic and nolle ; for it is perhaps the most 
perfect incarnation of an idea the world has ever seen. 

That " idea " was the founding here on these shores a new 
England, and a better one, where, rid of the political super- 
stitions and abuses of the old manhood, simple manhood should 
have a chance to play his stake against fortune with honest 
dice, unclogged by those three hoary sharpers: Prerogative, 
Patricianism and Priest-craft. 

The first skirmish in that long battle, was on this spot. It 
is a thing of inestimable worth, for a race, a nation, a com- 



munity to be able to look back on the heroic characters who 
laid its foundations, and on the principles which inspired them. 
Such, children of old Ipswich is your privilege. Forget not 
the spirit which inspired them, the sufferings which they en- 
dured, the gigantic labors, through which they wrought out 
their purpose. It was theirs to build ; remember it is yours, 
it is ours to keep, to perpetuate, to perfect. 

S3 £ 









Dedication Of Their New Roon, 

priday, peb. 3, 1896. 





The Ipswich Higloric^I Society. 


[Reprint from the Ii'swicu Imm:im:\di:nt.] 

The first meeting of the society in its old Probate office serves good use. 

new room in the Odd Fellows' building Some interesting documents have al- 

took place 011 Friday evening, January ready been secured. By far the most 

3d, and a goodly number were present valuable, is an a: cient petition 

at the house-warming. Very thorough addressed to the Quarter Sessions Court 

repairs have been made, and the old by a number of the most substantial 

post office would hardly be recognized, citizens of the ancient Ipswich praying 

A new hard wood Moor has been laid, that bis license be withheld 1'roin an 

the walls cased neatly and painted in innkeeper on old High street. This 

pleasing colors, the ceiling has been was drawn about the year 105G, appar*- 

papered and the windows provided ently by the famous schoolmaster, Exe- 

witli inside blinds. The furnishings kiel Cheever, and it bears the signatures 

are in excellent keeping with the blight of Cheever, the Appletons, Hubert 

and inviting interior. A large cabinet, Payne, and many other.-, Other doeu- 

10 feet in length and 7 in height with incuts contain the autographs of Deni- 

adjustable shelves and plate glass front son, Francis Wainw right with bis seal, 

will afford admirable accommodation and other well-known citizens. A list 

for the safe exhibition of the relics and of signatures of Revolutionary soldier.-. 

valuables that may come into the cits- Col. Nathaniel Wade's orderly book, a 

tody id' the society. A flat ca.-e, with proclamation of Thanksgiving of 177'.», 

glass top, has been provided for the are also to be noted, and among the 

display of documents, autographs, etc. books are ancient volumes by lb v. 

A lame and valuable table, presented John Norton, and Bcv. John Wise, the 

by Mr. I). F. Appleton and Mr. Frank famous ministers of the ancient times. 

l{. Appleton occupies a place of honor, The society has thus made a very 

and another table, formerly used in the encouraging beginning in its work ot 

collecting, anil is prepared to receive cal society, to foster systematic find 
contributions <>r an historical nature accurate antiquarian studies and pro- 
from all who will loan or give, mote a [>opular acquaintance witli its 

The election of officers was first in brilliant history. 
order and resulted iu the choice of the r phe pjme seemed to them ripe for its 
following for tne year 1SCC: president, organization* and then and there, they 
Lev. T. Frank Waters; vice presidents, formed themselves into a society, to be 
Charles A. Sayward and Frederic Will- known as the Ipswich Historical Socic- 
comb ; recording secretary, John II. ty and organized by the choice of Uev. 
Cogswell; corresponding secretary, T. Frank Waters, president. Mr. John 
Rev. M. 11. Gates; treasurer, J. I. II or- n. Cogswell^ secretary, and Mr. C. A. 
ton; librarian, Miss Lucy S. Lord. Say ward, Mr. J. 1. Norton, and Mr. J. 

The president then read his opening n. Cogswell, executive committee, 
address, winch was followed by -M. V. 
11. Perlcy with a poem, "'Lost Arts," 
and interesting reminiscences of Dr. 
Thomas -Manning by Lew Edward ('(in- 
stant and others. 

We append the historical address of 
the president : 

During the spring and early summer 
several public meetings were held in 
the studio of Mr. Arthur \\\ Dow, at 
which papers on the early history of 
the town were read, and much pleasant 
reminiscence was in order. In the 
winter of that and several following 
years, the vestry of the South church 
The Ipswich Historical Society may was the place of meeting. 

well congratulate itself tonight that <,, '" t 

after five years of feeble and migratory (>n .- ;1 

existence, and some periods of sits- ;m •" 

pended animation, it has at last Mr. Sayward contributed an interes 

attained a home of its own, linely loca- l ,:i l' , ' 1 ' 

mi;, waters s aopkkss. 

il a series of papers on 
il locations of the e.uly settl 
me studies on the old hou 

t lie 

t he probable \ Lit: 

V Yo\ .1 i IS 

ted, convenient, and admirably to the spot, now occupied by the town 

equipped for its work, and has 1 '^" t ' Winthmp's coming. 

1). Xorthcnd. of Salcn 


entered, as we feel, upon a new and 
\ igorous life. 

The scheme of organizing such a 

society was lirst seriously discussed at tory, and Mr. Win 

a gathering of gentlemen, known to be b'euir 

interested in antiquarian research, at Hawtl 
the parsonage of the South church on These meetings were well attended 

the evening of April 14,1800. If my and it was evident that t he com m u nit \ 

memory serves me, Uev. Augustine was interested in the new organization 

Caldwell, Mr. Charles A. Sayward, Mr. But it was evident thai tl 

Joseph L llorton, Mr. John II. Cogs- would not attain the prominence it 

well, and Mr. John W. Nourse formed sought until some permanent pi are of 

the group. Mr. Arthur W.Dow was meeting should be secured, which 

unavoidably absent. It was the unani- .should serve also as a place of deposit 

nious sentiment of this meeting that a for an historical collection. Mr. Daniel 

town so rich in historic remains, and so S. L.uinham very generously offered to 

famous in the early annals of the Com- give the half of the ancient house in 

monwealth should have a local Histoid- Last street owned by him, provided 

some chapt ers fri un his u n- 
work on early colonial his- 

i. Xevhis gave a 
The Homes and Haunts of 
u old Salem." 


that the society should acquire the The pedigree of this lot may noi 1 
remainder of the estate. Tin: old man- uninteresting and may be bricl 
sion \Vould have been admirably sketched. 

adapted to our use in many ways, but Moses Tread well inherited his csta 
its location was unfavorable, and later from his father, Vathanicl Treadwc 
investigations have robbed it of its who bought a house and eight acres 
reputed antiquity and its associations land of Daniel Kveleth, of Huston, 
with Ilev. Mr. Norton and Uev. Mr. Cob- 1701. Evclutli had received it bj inln 
bett. Xo active steps were (.wan- taken itance from his father, Edward Kvelel 
toward securing- this- property. The senior Eveleth had married I'M/ 

The removal of the post oitice from beth, da lighter of Major ^yiuomls Ep« 
the Odd Fellows' building afforded the in 1715, and in that same year he pi 
society its opportunity. It was seen at chased his bride's old home and ma 
once that this building" realized our his residence there. .Major kqq>es w 
ideal. It is a brick struct lire-, in the a man of goodly quality, lie was we 
very center of our town, itself historic, horn. Ilis mother was Idi/.ahet 
from long use by the Uegistry of I'ro- daughter of the illustrious and exe< 
hate. At. a meeting in the early lent Deputy Governor Simonds, who 
autumn of 1895, the project of renting estate was contiguous to this. lieu 
the vacant portion was enthusiastically a militia oilicer, a .Justice of the Gon 
adopted, and the generous subscrip- of Sessions, and a member of the G< 
tion made at that time assured a good ornor's council for 1721 to 17-M. T 
pecuniary foundation for the new Major had purchased the property 
move. 1001 of Hannah Uig'g', of Boston, 

A commit lee a [(pointed at that meet- daughter of Mr. Siinm Lynde, of liostu 
ing has solicited funds with eneourag- and Lynde had bought it of Margan 
ing success, and provided the cabinet the widow of Thomas liishop and h 
and table ease from the funds of the son Samuel. Samuel was college hr 
s ciety. The other furnishings includ- but ill-tempered and never wall-hit 
ing the costly table, presented by He persisted in setting his fence on t 
Mr. 1). F. Applcton and Mr. Frank 11. public domain and the ollicers of i 
Appleton, have cost us nothing. law were instructed to cut it down. 1 

And now that we are comfortably spread lish of evil odor for the expri 
settled in our Historical home, more purpose of annoying his townsnn 
extended reminiscences may justly be lie was a man often in the toils of t 
in order, as a prelude to the historical law tor his misdoings. The old hou 
w oik which will be accomplished here then on the estate had been in use as , 
we hope in the ytais to come. The ordinary many years ami John Spar! 
land on which this building stand.-, was a famous inn-keeper, occupied it at i 
purchased by the county in 1810. A tinieofliishop's death, but vacated tlu 
lot measuring 2^ feet square was bought and removed to the other side of i 
of Mr. Moses Treadwell, on the north road at that time. Earlier owners set 
corner of his homestead, and an adjoin- to have included one William Fellov 
ing piece, 23 feet by 28, was sold by who bought, of John Woodam in lot 
Susanna Kendall, widow of the late Woodam obtained it by exchange wi 
Ephraim Kendal). John and Samuel Appleton in It;; 

['lie Appletons bought it of Thomas remainder nf thu Hour, Including part 

Wanning in 1(547, who had it from of Mr Pdakc's prcsenl store and the 

jhtlph Dix, and lie from 'William White greater portion of this mom, was o< cm 

who was the- original grantee. pied by the ofliee of the Kegister. 

The adjoining: lot, from which a nor- ,.,, . . 

1 lie whole Probate business of i he 

county was transacted here IS.VJ, 

when the iieconls and the Kcgistn 

lion of the site of this building' was 
p inch a : *ed, seems to have been granted 

to John Jackson. Then it was in t 

possession oi William White Thomas ™' u ™»».™« to -Salem, but the Probate 

Manning John Woodam, 104i>, John ^ u "» n »»^ '" «« semi-annually 

,.« , v , , - ' .- . T , »»Dl September 15, IS74, holding ii s 

and Samuel Appleton in 1(>.)2. Join; 

. , t , . , , sessions in the Town Hail. Duriny the 

Appleton was captain of a troop, clerk ,,..,,, 

, . ' ' War ot the Rebellion, the vacant hnihl- 

ot courts, county treasurer, representa- . 

iive to General Court, and, if the Won- !"Si^ v °^\T^l!! S "' l ' U :\ rr \ w ^ l,1 \ a 

1 military company recruited here b\ 

iifieation is correct, a sharer in the 

Andros resistance in 1087. Samuel was 

tlit.; renowned soldier, whose eminent 

Service in King Philip's war shed great ,i;,; , , ,i 

° ' ^ (liiion on the westerly end and addi 

Inst re on our Town. At a later period 

it was owned by John alone, then by 

his son John, who bequeathed it to his 

son Daniel, [n 1701 it seems to have Cur Historical room has an excellent 

been occupied and owned by Capt. John ami bonorablc pedigree, therefore. as 

Smith. Capt. Ephraim Kendall was the weU as ils Nation. It is at once a 

owner in 1808, and his widow Susanna sin M ,ll; "' '•"incidence and a h*ppy 

lold the plot 23 by 28 in 1810. augury thai from 1817 to the prcsenl 

Thus the Historical society tin. Is it- lli > u> , it has never been used for privatt 

Cap*". John A. Hobbs. It wassold to the 
Lodge of Odd fellows December 20. LS07 
larg( (1 by the biiild'mg of an ad- 

en .. 

I? ng a 

second story. The post olliee was otab- 
lished here about is,',:,. 

located on an historic site 

emolument . hut has always sei ved I h 

fed with some of the linest names of community in very important public 

the early times. This mellow flavor ot capacities. 

antiquity well befits its present use, This old Probate oihee is inseparably 

The building erected by the county associated in the mind-, of the older 

A'as 28 feet wide. -Id feet lonu and a sin- people among us with the name of 

gle story high, and cost *o700. It was Nathaniel Lord :)d, — -'Squirt' Lord" as 

finished and occupied Decern her l") i 1817. he was familiarly known, who was the 

For a century, except a few years after ninth Register and lilled that ofliee 

1798 when a room was litted up in the fi'um May 2i>, 1810 to June 12, I s.~> 1 . His 

new Court House for an office and residence was the mansion latch re- 

placeol deposit, the valuable Probate modelled b\ Mi. John [J. Prown, of 

Records had heen kept in the house of Chicago, and there the Probate Records 

the Register, and t heir final deposit . in a were stored piioi to the erection of this 

strong' vault, was an event of public in building. lie had heen chief clerk 

terest. One room in the new under Mr. Daniel Noy-es. the preceding 

brick building, in the part now ineumheni , and was the sixth in lineal 

occupied by Mr. John A. Plaice's descent from Robeit Lord, lh>i clerk of 

apothecary store. was cased with the Colonial Quarter Sessions (ou:t. 

iron and was deemed Cue proof. He was giadualed from Harvard in 

line the Uccords were stond. The 1 7!>>\ and brought to the diseh ,.._.,. ,,i 


his duties siu;li orderliness and ¥. Goodhue, but resided afterwards 01 

iit'ss and originality of method, that the corner now occupied by Lhu Soiitl 

the Registry was made a model (dine. Meeting House. 

When LaFayette passed through the Another name of interest in the an 

town in 18-24', Squire Lord addressed nals of the old Court is John Choate 

him in a speech of welcome. Mr. the fifth judge who filled that olliei 

I. old's three sons all entered the legal from September 1 I, I75f5 to February ■> 

profession; Otis P. became an eminent 1700. He lived in the ancienl house. 

.lust ire of the Supreme Court, Nathaniel still remembered by the oldest citizens 

J. attained high rank, and George 11. directly opposite the residence of tin 

occupied the oilice of Registry from late Mr. John Heard. lie was Ucpre- 

18.13 to 1855. sentative to General Court fifteen year* 

Tracing the history of the Probate between 1730 and 1701, and a lnembei 

(<»urt with which our society has he- of the Executive Council from I T t > l to 

come associated, \w> come next to 17(51. He was also Justice of the Court 

Daniel Noyes, the eighth Register, who of Sessions and of the Court of ( oin- 

filled the oilice from September 20, mon Pleas, serving as Chief Justice of 

1770 to May 29, 1815. He was a gradu- the latter for the last ten years of his 

ate of Harvard in the class of 1758, and life. Lie was also colonel of a rcgi- 

master of the Grammar school from inent. "Choate Bridge" received its 

1702-1774. In 1774-5 he was a delegate name in his honor. Col. Choate was 

to the ( ''ingress of the United Colonies, very illiterate, but a man of great 

in 1775 Postmaster, succeeding Deacon strength of character, 

.lames Foster, the first Postmaster • f The fourth judge, Thomas Perry, was 

the town, and always a prominent citi- one of the most notable of Ipswich 

/.en. He owned ami occupied the men. A graduate of Harvard in 1712 

house, which, in a modernized form, is he first studied medicine and attained 

the residence of Mr. George I). Wildes, very lucrative practise and wide 

Mr. Noyes's predecessor was l)r . renown. Turning to the law, he lie- 
Samuel Rogers, the sixth Register in came Justice and Chief Justice of the 
chronological order, whose term of Court of Common Pleas and Probate 
oilice w as from August 20, 1702 to Sep- Judge. In political life he was a 
teinber 21), 177;>. His ancestry was Representative, and for many years one 
singularly tine. He was the son of of the Executive Council. As a mili- 
Rev. John Rogers and grandson of tary man he rose to the rank of Colonel. 
President John Rogers of Harvard. He He lived on the site now occupied by 
w.isin the direct line of descent from the residence of Mr. Joseph Ross and 
KaUierine Calvin, sister of the great maintained an elaborate establishment, 
divine, John Calvin, and wife of William llisehariot and servants in liver) still 
Whitlingham, a Puiitau refugee and find place in tradition. Hi- term oi 
one el the compilers of the Geneva oilice was from October 5, 17-i'.' to Sep- 
ilililc at Geneva. He was a Harvard teinber II. 1770. 

graduate of 1727, a physician, town The Register of Probate during i 

clerk, colonel of a regiment, Justice large portion of Col. iJcrry's judgeship 

of Uie Court. of Sessions, and was hi 4 - brother-in-law, Daniel Apple- 

Keprcs.Mitative to the General Courl. ton, fifth in chronological succession, ;i 

Hi. Rogers owned and probably built colonel, a representative, a .Justice of 

the house now occupied bj Mr. frank the Courl of Sessions ami Register from 

.January 0, 1723 to August 20, 17(52. [To Wise and the other patriots foi his »». 

>wnod ami occupied tlie George I), position to the Andros tyranny, lie 

rVildes house. Twice, this old lions,, was* a lieutenant colonel, a deputy 

has sheltered the Records, we may be- a councillor, and jud"o of I'roliate foi 

lieve, and I surmise that the curious thirty-seven years. discharging l,h 

room or closet, without a window, in duties with great skill and lideliiv. lie 

this tdd house, discovered when ii was was also Chief Justice ol the Court u( 

rebuilt, which the fertile imagination Common IMeas for many years. II.- 

>f some dreamer conceived to be a hid- buill th 

i "Use, now n' 

by M, 

ihg place ol sonic: regicide, may have George I). Wildes, a mansion of peeu- 

been the archive room for the I'robate liar interest in our reminiscences of the 

ll ta.rds. old Probate Court, as a judge built it 

His predecessor, the fourth Register, and two Registers owned it in later 

was Appleton's uncle, Daniel Rogers, years, [n Judge. Appleton's daj it was 

from October 23, 1702 to January 0, renowned lor its elegance and hospital- 

1*723. He was the second son of L'resi- ity. Many a distinguished traveler 

dent .John Rogers, of Harvard, a liar- tarried here on his journey. (h>v. 

vard graduate of 108G, and an eminently finite, on his way to New llainpshire, 

successful teacher of the Grammar was his guest in 1710. The clergy of 

school, sending fifteen young men to the colony always found cordial wel- 

llarvard during his term of oflice. lie come' at his door. 

added to his duties of Register the Among the earliest names of interest 

varied functions of Town Clerk; and in this connection is that of Robert 

Justice of Court of Sessions. Return- Lord, the ilrst clerk of the old Quarter 

ing ; from Salisbury on December 1 , 1722 Sessions Court from 10-IS to 10S3, and 

he lost his way in a violent snow storm Thomas Wade, the second i lerk of writs 

ami perished on the marshes. He lies from 1084 to 1(50(5. Wade was captain of 

buried in the old High street yard, and the Ipswich troop of Horse in liiSD. and 

his stone bears an inscription in Latin afterwards colonel of the Essex Middle 

verse, which recites his end. Ilis Regiment. Mention must be made as 

mother was the daughter of Gen. Deni- well of the illustrious judges of that 

son, and he bought the Denison house ancient Court, Saltonstall and Symonds 

of her. It was located on Green street and Denison, whose lame needs no 

probably near the present home of Mr. words of praise of mine before an [ps- 

-lolin Perkins. wich audience. 

The third judge, and the last of the 1 have dwelt thus at length upon 

Ipswich men, connected with this old these ancient worthies because we. as 

Probate Court was John Appleton, the an Historical Society, seem to have 

eldest, son of John, who was the eldest fallen heir to their renown b} this aeei- 

sou of Samuel Appleton, the original dent of location. 1 could wish that our 

settler, He was the Town Clerk of that walls might be adorned in the years to 

historic town meeting of August 23, come with portraits of these excellent 

1087, .when the vote to refuse assent to men. in the llowing wig and spotless 

the Andros edict was passed, and was ermine of the judge or the emblazoned 

arrested for bis complicity. There uniform of the soldier, or the embroi- 

seems reason to believe that he was the deled elegance of the colonial citizen's 

John Appleton, who suffered with John attire. True, they are connected only 

l»y ihc lie of official station with this 
building, but this old Probate office is 
the hist of a series of three buildings, 
and by right, not of apostolic, but judi- 
cial succession it inherits the associa- 
tions that cluster about the whole 

Nearly two centuries ago, in 1704, 
December 28, a committee was ap- 
pointed to build a Town House, with a 
School house under it. They were 
Instructed to erect a building about 82 
feet in lciigh, about 28 feet in breadth, 
about 8 or 10 feet stud, with a flat roof 
raised about live feet. This building 
was erected as is well known in front of 
ihe present Methodist meeting house, 
reaching well back to the great rock, 
winch has since been blasted away. 
Here the Courts held their sessions, 
civil and criminal and probate. Many 
a great lawyer of the olden time 
pleaded his case here before the august 
tribunal. Many a trembling culprit 
beard here his sentence to the w hipping 
post or stocks or prison. 

The first Court House was replaced. 
mi its exact site, in 1703 by a second 
Court House and Town House, built at 
the joint expense of town and county, 
and the Courts continued to hold their 
term here until .June, 18"J4, when the 
Court of Common Pleas sat for the last 
time. The glory of the latter house 
was greater than that of the former. 
A rare of giants in forensic gilts and 
attainments had arisen. From the 
bare slope of Hog Island, part and par- 
eel of the ancient Ipswich, the brilliant 
Ilufus Choate won his way to national 
renown. More than once, in the days 
of his splendid power, lie swayed the 
ji. dement of all who heard his fiery 
•bumeiw"? within those walls. No 
f'oubt that other great jurist, Nathan 
Dane, whose birthplace still stands, the 
old "Patch" house, so called, on Mr. 
D. P. Appleton's farm, was seen here, 

and the famous judges of I lie tiniCi 
Here, too, Webster came in IS17, to de- 
fend Levi and Laban Kenniston, aeeusi <| 
of waylaying and robbing one Major 
Cioodridge, lie undertook the ea*e at 
the solicitation of his old neighbors in 
New Hampshire who believed their 
townsmen innocent, though the circum- 
stantial evidence seemed conclusive 
against them, lie arrived at midnight, 
entered the Court room the next morn- 
ing almost without preparation and 
secured the triumphant acquittal of 
his clients. Edwin P. Whipple says, 
"his management tit' the ease i.-> still 
considered one of his masterpieces of 
legal acumen and eloquence." 1 claim 
these glorious remembrances as our 
inheritance, for this building alone re- 
mains to remind the "own of its large 
importance in judicial annals in other 

And now the Historical Society, 
housed so comfortably, dignified with 
its weight of honorable associations, 
conscious of its capacity to become a 
pride and honor to the town, makes 
appeal to all lovers of old [pswieh, 
whether dwelling still beneath her elms 
or la- away, to rise up to her suppoi i. 
We plead for funds wherewith, to pub- 
lish the results of our investigations, 
purchase gradually a library of anti- 
quarian lore, and meet our current 
expense. We ask for donations or 
loans of articles of historic interest, 
Indian remains, colonial h« irlooms, 
relicts of the Civil War. ancient docu- 
ments, portraits, pictures and aught 
else that illustrates . the history of 
our town in every age. We can beep 
them more safely than their owners. 
and the community can enjoy them 

We invite independent research, and 
promise ready hearing to any investi- 
gator into an} branch of our loc il his- 
tory We hope to foster the historic 

spirit and awaken local pride to such lions with Ezekiel Cheever and hix 
degree, thai ere Ion ft 1 our commons will famous school, Rogers and Waul ami 
be adorned with monuments. <>n the Sjiltonstall, who made their home* 
site of the old Town House, may a choc by. May their names be per- 
worthy memorial be reared to the men petuated in enduring stone! The 
of 1637, "who saw with keen vision the spots, made memorable by the homo 
greatness of the issue and made such oi Robert Payne, and Ann Hiadstreet, 
strenuous and splendid protest against Dcnison and Symouds should bear some 
taxation without representation. On simple memorial to tell the stranger 
the Green about the historic First how rich we are in proud re mem- 
church may some slab be raised to brances of great past. 
commemorate the successive houses of These great tasks await us. .May \v<- 
worship and the illustrious names of as a Society, rejoici in our mission and 
the early ministers. The site of the pledge tonight that generous and en- 
ancient fort, and prison, and whipping thusiastie cooperation in effort which 
post should be recalled. shall be the sure pledge of eventual 
The South (ireen is rich in its associa- and larae success. 


Publications of the Ipswich Historical Society 









July 29, 1896. 


Press of the Independent, 


Order of Exercises. 

Lewis R. Hovey in the Independent. 

Wednesday, July 29, was a memo- Rev. I). (). Mears, 1). 1)., of Albany, 
rable day for the Ipswich Historical X. Y. ; Col. Nathan Appleton and \\ r . 
Society and the citizens of this Sumner Appleton, of Boston ; George 
historic old town. Not only that. A. Gordon. Esq., Sec. of the X. E. 
but it was of deep interest to histo- Historic-Genealogical Society ; David 
rians and genealogists in all parts of H. B-'own, Esq., of the Med ford II is- 
the state and county, for it saw the torical Society; Mr. and Mrs. Jesse 
unveiling and formal presentation Fewkes, of Newton, Mass; Edward 
of the memorial shaft, which had E. Ilines. and Fran "is II. Appleton 
been erected earlier in the week on and daughter, of Peabody; Hon. 
the little green in front of the South Robert S. Rantoul. President of the 
Meeting House, on a spot made Essex Institute, Mr. and Mrs. James 
sacred by the memory of five great Averill, William S. Nevins, Mr. and 
and good men and the deeds they Mrs. George L. Peabody, all of Silem ; 
wrought. Rev. John Prince, formerly of Essex, 

The day was perfect, with a cloud- and others, 
less sky, cooling breezes, and all Ipswich was represented by the 

! nature in smiles. Preparations for board of selectmen, Messrs. Lnther 

the exercises of the day had been Wait, John A. Brown and A. II. 
made by constructing in front of the Spiller; Revs. E. Constant, T. Frank 
wide church steps a raised and cov- Waters. E. E. Harris, M. II. Gates 
ered platform, decorated with bunt- and Fr. Donovan ; John W. Xourse, 
ing. Hon. Fred. Willcomb, John II. Cogs- 

The guests from out of town well and others, 
arrived during the forenoon, and At three o'clock there was gathered 
were driven first to the public library, about the South church, besides the 
then to the rooms of the Historical invited guests from in town and out, 
Society in the Odd Fellows' building, a large assemblage of townspeople, 
and then to Appleton Farms where and shortly after the appointed time 
lunch was served. The list of prom- President Waters, in a few well 
inent people who were favored with chosen words, presented Hon. C. A. 
Appleton hospitality were: Say ward, who delivered the address 

or welcome in behalf of the Society 
and town. 

Rev. Edward Constant, of the First 
('opgregational church, invoked the 
Divine blessing 1 , after which Presi- 
dent Waters announced the unveil- 
ing of the tablet by Miss Muriel 
Tuekernian, a lineal descendant of 
Richard Saltonstall, and grand- 
daughter of I). F. Appleton. As 
Miss Tuckennan drew aside the 
American flag which covered the 
shaft there was loud and long con- 
iinueii applause. 

Rev. T. Frank Waters, President 
of the Ipswich Historical Society! 
then delivered the dedicatory ad- 
dress. At its close lie introduced 
Mr. George A Gordon of Roston, 
Sec. of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, who repre- 
si nted the Society. lie expressed 
r< grets at the President's absence, 
hut pleasure at his own presence on 
Mich a notable occasion. His 
address, though brief, was of great 
interest, inasmuch as he brought up 
several points which would not other- 
wise have been touc'^ed upon. His 
ulvice that the Society get together 
in printed form a book of historic- 
genealogical data, was a most excel- 
ent one, and one which it is hoped 
[pswich men of means will not be 
oug in following out, for their own 
►ood and that of the town in general. 
"■While you are erecting a monii- 
nent to the memory of these five 
lieu whose names are thereon in- 
cribed, do not foriret such men as 
Jamuel Simonds, one of Ipswich's 
ii'st settlers, and George Uiddings, 

who laid out the first Ipswich and 
Haverhill," said he. 

Hon. Robert S. Ran ton I, ex-mayor 
of Salem, and President of the 
famous old Essex Institute, "the 
in »»her of us all," as Chairman 
Waters aptly termed it, \\;is the 
next speaker. He expressed his 
gratification at being present, and 
his remarks, of a historical nature, 
were clear and lucid. He spoke of 
the Essex Institute and its fine col- 
lections, with many things of direct 
interest to Ipswich. Among these 
latter none are more valuable than 
a picture of Governor Winthrop. 

"There is not a place in the state 
or country with more real history to 
the square inch than Essev county," 
said Mr. Rantoul. u aml if we are not 
now in the lead in wealth and promi- 
nence of Massachusetts counties, 
previous to 1825 old Es-*ex most cer- 
tainly stood at the head." 

Rev. Dr. Mears was the last speak- 
er; a native of Essex, the old Che- 
bacco Parish, but now of Albany, 
N. Y He was, as usual, intensely 
dramatic, and his eloquence was 
punctuated with applause that be- 
tokened unfeigned appreciation. 

"Nothing has been said about the 
wills or inheritances which these 
noble men left, 1 ' said he, '-but it was 
their character while living that we 
love to dwell upon and seek now to 
everlastingly perpetuate with monu- 
mental granite and bronze." 

"Nathaniel Ward was truly a 
greater man than we think. Xot 
only did he frame the code of laws 
by which this colony was governed, 

*, .u.. 

but from that code was undoubtedly injx house; second, the training flold ; 

taken much that went to make up third, schools. May the land our 

the body of our national and world- fat hers founded ever be as free as 

famed" Constitution." the air we breathe this day." 

"John Wise, of Essex, was another (Applause.) 

man, as nobl« as any of the rest. A After thanking all for aid in mak- 

minister of Chebacco Parish, he was ing the affair such a pronounced 

the first to suffer because of a refusal success. Mr. Waters announced the 

10 submit to unjust taxation. He close of the exercises, and invited all 

defied Andros, and he was impris- to a closer inspection of the tablets, 

oned because he would not bow the These are of bronze, cast by the 

knee to that despotic Governor." Blake Bell Foundry, of Boston, and 

"'It is better to be well born than are affixed to a handsome granite 

to have an inheritance.' Truly more shaft from the works of Barton & 

truthful words were never spoken." Williams, of Ipswich. The inscrip- 

Dr. Mears eulogized old Ipswich tions thereon are reproduced in this 

and her noble men, in language pamphlet, as is also a photograph by 

which caused unstinted and well George Iv. Dodge of the South face 

deserved applause from those pres- of the tablets. The addresses of 

ent. "They defended and nourished President Waters and Hon. C. A. 

three things," said he: "first, a meet- Say ward follow. 



Here stood 



1747 SOUTH PARISH. 1837 

the expedition against quebec, 

Benedict Arnold in command, 

Aaron burr in the ranks, 

marched by this spot sept. 15, 1775. 



1656 -1704 

historian of the indian wars 
lived near the river about 
a hundred rods eastward. 

erected by 
The Ipswich Historical Society 




1650 " 1661 




1634 minister of ipswich 1637 

author of 

"the Simple Cobler of aggawam" 

compiler of 

the body of liberties 

the residence of 






1638 1655 



.^-„T?f ;.W»*r. ,-ri--f 

i, Attw Uofctt or ^yuetov 

UiGO — 1*6* 

etuti 01* THfc OCUUOU 


author 0* 



. •- 



! $ rl -.•.'■■'• 

sj MfcMfc 


GEO. K. DODGE, Photo. 

Memorial Tablets, South Green, Ipswich. 



Mil. President, Ladies and Gen- 

An eminent writer has said that 
"one touch of nature makes the 
whole world kin." Whether that 
statement he true or not, I feel sure 
that you will all agree with me 
when I say that one touch of the 
Colonial Days makes all New Eng- 
land kin. 

The history of a locality, the 
events which transpired there, the 
men who made its history and 
participated in its evenbs are not 
the exclusive property of that lo- 

Boston has no exclusive right to the 
memory of her Plackstone and the 
story of her settlement. Salem can- 
not preempt the fame of her Con ant, 
Higginson and Endicott. Plymouth 
cannot confine within her boun- 
daries the fame of her Pilgrim 
founders. Ipswich does not claim 
any exclusive right in the history 
of her settlement, or the fame of the 
sturdy and nohle men who laid her 
foundations and erected such a 
strong and comely structure thereon. 

The settlements scattered here and 
there on the bays and water-ways of 
New England, all together, estab- 
lished and forced into existence 
that section of our country which 
was the home and workshop of our 

fathers, and which is so dear to 
every one or their descendants to- 
day. The story of the settlement of 
each of oui- towns and the men iden- 
tified with them is the common 
property of all New England and in- 
deed of the entire country. 

Acting upon this princple, the 
Ipswich Historical Society, has in- 
vited the Mass. Historical Society, 
the N. E. Genealogical Society and 
local Historical Societies about the 
county, as well as many persons in- 
terested in the story of early days, 
to come here today and participate 
with us in the unveiling of this 
shaft and the ceremonies of its dedi- 

We want you all to know of the 
part our town took in the develop- 
ment of the colony and state. We 
wish to extend and perpetuate the 
fame of our fathers who left such 
a grand record for their descen- 

On behalf of the Ipswich Histori- 
cal Society, I extend to you all a most 
cordial welcome, and hope that as a 
result of this meeting, your archives 
may be enriched with facts that will 
be of interest to you and to those Mho 
follow you, and that each will en- 
joy the occasion and carry away 
pleasing memories of the day and of 
our town. 




I HIS spot was never wot with 

horoes blood, as the common of 
old Lexington — nor has it had the 
stirring and even tragic part in our 
history that has fallen to the lot of 
our Meeting-House Green, crowned 
in the earliest days with meeting- 
house and prison, town-house and 
court-house, stocks and whipping 
post. This fair Green has ever been 
a placid spot as now, vexed by no 
ruder sound than the cow-herd's 
horn, which summoned together 
hero the neighborhood kine at the 
hour of sunrise, and at sunset bade 
their owners come and take their 
cows; or the word of command when 
the men and boys of the ancient 
town were drilled here; in the man- 
ual of arms. And yet this Common 
has been a spot of living interest in 
many generations. 

Here some of the linest men of 
their age, or of any age, built their 
homes, thought and wrought, trained 
up their children, entertained their 
friends, and their names and the 
work they did are known and felt 
and honored of all who knew the 
story of New England in its first 
eventful century. 

The wilderness- was hardly broken 
and a few simple houses had been 
built by the pioneer settlers, when 
there came hither a man, already 

past the prime of lifo, for he was in 
his fifty-sixth year, to be the preach- 
er, Nathaniel Ward. His life had 
been highly favored. His father 
was an honored minister in Old 
England. His two brothers chose 
the same profession. He alone of 
the three sons, having graduated 
from Emanuel College, Cambridge, 
chose the law. He was admitted as a 
student at Lincoln's Inn Hall, May 
15, 1G07, and was nominated a barris- 
ter Oct. 17, 1015. He travelled far 
and wide on the Continent, ami at 
Heidelberg met a celebrated theolo- 
gian, Parens, Professor of Theology 
in the University, and at his instance 
decided to enter the ministry — 
when he was about forty years of 
age. He became rector at Stonden 
Massey, in the county of Essex, and 
while there his staunch Puritanism 
was put to a sore test. He refused 
to subscribe to the articles establish- 
ed by the Canon of the Church, 
Summoned before Archbishop Laud, 
he refused to conform and was 
roughly excommunicated in 1033. 
His wife died at about the same 
time. Lonely, sorrowful, despairing 
of any asylum in England, In com- 
mon with multitudes of Puritans 
Ward turned to the New World and 
landed in the year 1(531. His firsl 
winter was spent in Mr. Winthrop'i 


house; but before another winter 
came we may presume that 
his own humble house was built, 
somewhere on this eastern side of 
our Common. The house was stand- 
ing in Cotton Mather's time, and he 
says that Ward had inscribed over 
the fireplace, the Latin legend, a So- 
brie, juste, pie," and afterward, 
u laete" (Soberly, justly, piously, 

Sober indeed was the life of the 
Cambridge scholar in these years. "I 
intreate you," he wrote pathetically 
to John Wmthrop when a ship-load 
of provisions had arrived. "I in- 
treate you to do so much as to speake 
to him (Mr. Coddington) in my name, 
to reserve some meale and malt, and 
■ what victuals else he thinks meete, 
till our River be open; our church 
will pay him duely for it. I am very 
destitute; I have not above 6 bushells 
of corn left, and other things answer- 
able." It was only the 24th of De- 
cember. Glad Christmas bells were 
about ringing in the mother land 
md all was mirth and jollity at the 
/cry moment when he was pleading 
'or bread. 
In a few years his health became 
o much impaired that lie gave up 
lis ministry. "I acknowledge I am 
ender and more unlit for solitari- 
es and hardship than some other, 
specially at this tyme, though 
lany colds and seeds of the bay 
icknesses, 1 brought from thence," 
e wrote again to Winthrop. 
His release from pastoral labors 
larked also the beginning of other 
isks which have made his name 
lemorable. Pie had already made 
is impress on his time. In the year 

1638 lie was requested by the Colony 
to draw up a code of laws, as u«» 
written statutes had as yet been 
formulated. He was fitted for this 
task above any other mail in the 
Colony, perhaps, by his Legal Learn- 
ing, li is long familiarity with the 
legal systems of the old world, and 
his mature years. He wrought dili- 
gently upon this task for some three 
years, and the result of his labors 
wa^ a code of one hundred laws, 
Which was submitted to the judg- 
ment of the General Court and dis- 
cussed in every town ; — altered some- 
what in form, but finally adopted in 
the year 1641, and Gov. Winthrop 
speaks of the Code "as composed by 
Mr. Nathaniel Ward. 11 In the judg- 
ment of li is contemporaries there- 
fore, Mr. Ward was the recognized 
author or compiler of this system of 
laws which were called the Hody 
of Liberties. 

This document has challenged the 
admiration of many acute students 
of the colonial days. Speaking of 
the Preamble, Mr. W. F. Poole ob- 
serves : 

"This sublime declaration stand- 
ing at the head of the first Code of 
Laws in New England, was the pro- 
duction of no common intellect. It 
has the movement and the dignity 
of a mind like John Milton's or Al- 
gernon Sidney's, and its theory of 
government was far in advance of 
the age. A bold avowal of the rights 
of man, and a plea for popular free- 
dom, it contains the germs of the 
memorable declaration of July 1, 

Dr. Francis C. Gray remarks upon 
the originality of this ('ode, u al- 





though it retains some strong traces 
of the times, it is, in the main, far in 
advance of them, and in several re- 
spects in advance of the Common 
Law of England at this day "(1818)." 
"It shows that our ancestors, 1 ' lie 
continues, instead of deducing their 
laws from the books of Moses, estab- 
lished at the outset a code of funda- 
mental principles, which taken as a 
whole, for wisdom, equity and adap 
tation to the wants of their commu- 
nity, challenge a comparison with 
any similar production from Magna 
Charta itself to the latest Bill of 
Rights that has been put forth in 
Europe or America." 

Who can estimate aright the far- 
reaching and powerful influence of 
this legal code upon the people of 
New England in fostering their love 
of liberty, maintaining their civic 
rights, and securing that profound 
and stable rectitude which has been 
the glory of New England hi all these 
generations! Great is the glory, that 
from the quiet homes of the Ipswich 
ministers here beside our Green, this 
potent influence should have sprung 
as from its source and fountain head. 

It makes intelligible that Provi- 
dence that brought into the wilder- 
ness, to its want and hunger, and 
loneliness and scant companion- 
ship, the ripe Cambridge scholar 
and traveller with his three-score 

But Nathaniel Ward had other 
work than this. In 1648 that literary 
work which is linked indissoluble 
with his name— "the Simple Cobler 
of Aggawam" — was completed aud 
sent to England for publication. Its 
success was remarkable. Four edi- 

tions were called for before the yea 
closed. Its pungent and strikin; 
criticisms were in unison with th 
spirit of the times. Its wondrou 
vocabulary surpassed the Oarlylea 
dialect of later days. We may claii 
for it almost the same distinction a 
a pioneer work in the department e 
prose composition, that belongs t 
Ann Bradstreet's volume in th 
realm of poetry, for no work ( 
the early days can compare with i 
in originality of style, vigor ( 
thought and uniqueness of theme. 

In the year following the begii 
ning of Ward's ministry, a welcon 
addition to the little company se 
tied here was made, when Richar 
Saltonstall, eldest son of Sir Bid 
ard, chose this town for his hoim 
He was but 25 years old but alread 
a graduate of the Puritan Colleg 
Emanuel of Cambridge. With hi) 
came his young wife Merriel, < 
Muriel, Gordon, only 22 years ol 
and their baby Muriel of nil 
months. I conceive that Mr. Wai 
was more than glad to welcome th 
youthful trio to his near neighbo: 
hood, -just across the Green—; an 
his heart grew wann and your 
again, when their presence brigh 
ened his quiet home; and he hei 
the baby Muriel in his arms and to 
how, in the long years past, he In 
held the darling Prince Rupert : 
his babyhood in like fashion. 

The community honored youi 
Saltonstall at once, with responsib 
public office. He was elected D 
puty to the General Court, and 
1636 he was appointed to hold cou 
in Ipswich. He was chosen Assis 
ant in 1637. Young as he was, IV 



Saltonstall became a conspiciousfig- 
ure. In March 1G35-6, theGenoial 
Court passed an order providing 
that a certain number of magistrates 
should be elected for a life-term as 
a standing- council. The measure 
proved unpopular. The people saw 
in this an irresponsible body, the 
existence of which was wholly con- 
trary to democratic ideas. 

Some action was taked by the 
court looking' towards its dissolu- 
tion, but the Council still remained. 
Whereupon Mr. Saltonstall, then 
an Assistant with fair prospects of 
becoming- a member of this life- 
board, wrote a book, in which he 
argued with much force that it was 
contrary to the charter and a sinful 
innovation. The book gave great 
olfence and many were eager for 
summary punishment to be visited 
upon the author, — hut the matter 
was dropped and the book was re- 
ferred to the Elders. They all met 
hero in Ipswich in 1612, Oct. 18, dif- 
fered much in their judgment, about 
it, but acknowledged the soundness 
of the propositions advanced. 

Again in 1G45 we find him. single 

handed and alone, lifting up his 

voice like a trumpet in the Great 

and General Court, when Capt. 

.lames Smith, master of the ship 

Rainbow, had brought into the 

•ountry two negroes stolen from the 

luinea Coast. He denounced the 

leinous act of stealing- these poor 

rlaeks, as contrary to the law of God 

,nd the law of this country ; demand- 

d that the officers of the ship be 

nprisoned, and addressed a peti- 

ton, signed by himself alone, pray- 

ig that the slaves be returned at 

the public expense. 'I h us early was 
I pswich found, not only demanding 
liberty for herself but emancipation 

for the bondman. 

Now we find Nathaniel Rogers 
with his company of friends in old 
Ipswich, lie built his house near 
where the house of many gables 
stands today. He was in hi.- fortieth 
year, a student, a man of slender 
health, not so bold and aggn ssiyo as 
the sturdy Ward and the impetuous, 
young Saltonstall, but a man of com- 
panionable spirit nevertheless. 

More than on -e these three 
worthies were found acting in con- 
cert in affairs of large public interest. 
La Tour arrived in Boston in US-13 
and sought of Gov. Winthrop holp 
against his rival, D'Aulany, who 
had blockaded the St John River. 
W in thro p permitted him to hire four 
ships and a pinnace, and sail away. 
This act roused severe criticism, and 
on the day tint little fleet sailed, a 
vigorous written protest was hand- 
ed the Governor, by Saltonstall, 
Ward and Rogers, John Norton and 
Simon Bradstreet, and Rev. Ezckiel 
Rogers of Rowley. Dr. Pal fray finds 
Ward's hand in the pungent language 
others attribute it to Saltonstall as 
the prime mover in the enterprise. 
lie that as it may, it was an Ipswich 

Here, in one of these houses about 
our Common, tin; Ipswich clergy 
and magistrates may have taken 
deep counsel together, and drafted 
this historic document. VVinthrop 
failed of re-election. Dudley was 
chosen governor but this trouble- 
some French business would not be 
settled, fn 1645 a commission was 




appointed and authorized to search 

out the whole truth, but the same 
Court granted La Tour liberty to 
arm and equip seven vessels, and 
Mr. Saltoustall drew up a solemn 
minority protest agaiustsuch action, 
Mr. Hathorne alone signing with 
him. No state paper of the period, 
it is affirmed, excels this document 
in vigor of expression and loftiness 
of tone. 

Bat political affairs were not the 
only themes of common interest. I 
like to think of the neighborly 
gatherings in this house or in that; 
the keen interest with which they 
talk of progress of Pari tan ism in the 
horn*:' lane 1 , or discuss the last word 
from tin; Pequot war; — or the hours 
of good cheer, when the air grew 
cloudy with the smoke from Mr 
Roger's pipe, and the wine went 
round, and the rigor of the wilder- 
ness winter and every fretting cir- 
cumstance was forgotten, 

Others too went in and out about 
this spot. The brilliant .John Nor- 
ton, teacher of the ancient church; 
gruff Thomas Dudley, courtly Simon 
liradstreet, destined for the highest 
honors his Colony could bestow 
upon him, and his delicate wile, 
Ann, the famous poetess who was 
highly esteemed by Mr. Ward; and 
every other staunch citizen of the 
day. Governor Winthrop and the 
younger Winthrop in his occasional 
visits,— and (-very other man of rank 
doubtless was seen in this line 
neighborhood — made more inter- 
esting by the settling of Giles Fir- 
min, the physician, next door to 
Ward, who was his father-in-law. 

Time wrought changes fn this 

h> niou- company. Firm in rcturm 
to Knuland and won renown an 
preacher. Ward left his rpswii 

home for the old count)'}' in ]i; 
Haltonstall was more in Knglai 
than in the Hay Colony in his in 
turer years. Rogers was the last 
disappear. Me dwelt here till 1 
died, in 1055. 

But before his decease anoth 
note-worthy personage was hen 
Kzekiel Cheever, the famous scho< 

master. 1 1 o too was an Email ll 
College man, any other would ha 
fell himself out of place. Me can 
in 1650, in heaviness of spirit, wi 
five motherless children and I: 
grief for their mother yet fresh. l'» 
he was in full vigor of his manho< 
and gave himself manfully to li 
task as Master of the (Irainin 
School. Years before, a school hi 
been taught by Leionel Chute, hut 
had ceased to he. Some of tl 
prominent citizens grew urgent 
their desire for another school. ?* 
Cheever had gained marked succe 
at New Haven, but his wo: 
there was interrupted by sharp r 
ligious bickerings and lie was ub 
to remove to this community. W 
it the high literary atmosphere 
this old neighborhood that mov< 
Robert Payne to buy yonder t( 
acres with the house upon them f 
the school-master's heme? A scho 
house was built on this corner ai 
there Mr. Cheever taught with di 
tinguished success for eleven yeai 
fn six years there were six youi 
men students at Harvard Colleg 
who had probably entered from th 
school, and others followed. 
Cheever's striking personali 



must have given the school unique 
distinction in its own time. Cotton 
Mather was one of his pupils in his 
later years, when he taught the Latin 
hchool in Boston. Ho lias given us 
a brief glimpse of the teacher in his 
school-room. He tells us "of his 
piety and his care to infuse docu- 
ments of piety into the scholars un- 
der his charge, that ho might carry 
them with him to the heavenly 
world. lie constantly prayed with 
us every day and catechised us every 
week, and let fall such holy counsels 
upon us; he took so many occasions 
to make speeches to us that should 
make us afraid of sin, and of incur- 
ring* the fearful judgments of God 
for sin, that I do not propose him for 

Rev. John Barnard of Marblehead 
was a scholar of his old age in Bos- 
ton. "I remember once," he said, u iu 
making a piece of Latin my master 
found fault with the syntax of one 
,vord, which was not so used by me 
leedlessly but designedly, and there- 
ore I told him there was a plain 
grammar rule for it. He angrily re- 
)lied there was no such rule. I took 
he grammar and showed the ride to 
lim. Then he smilingly said, "Thou 
rt a brave boy, I had forgot it," and 
o wonder for he was then above 
ighty years old. 

The ••grammar" of which Barnard 
peaks was u The Accidence" of 
heever's own composition, publish- 
.1 while he was in New Haven. 
res. Quincy of Harvard College 
)eaks of it as "a work which was 
ged for more than a century in the 
ihools of New England, as the first 
emontary book for learners of the 

Latin language, which held its place 
in some of the most eminent of those 
schools, nearly, if not quite, to the 
end of the last century ; which has 
passed through at least twenty edi- 
tions In this country; which was 
the subject of the successive labor 
and improvement of a man who 
spent seventy years in the business 
of instruction, and whose fane: is 
second to no school-master New 
England lias ever produced, requires 
no additional testimony to its worth 
or its merits." 

Youdercorner is forever hallowed by 
the memory of the prayers and toils 
ofthat one great teacher. Were those 
eleven years in which he wrought 
the end of that line effort for ad- 
vanced education in our midst, it 
would be a luminous epoch, in our 
annals. But that school continued 
when he was called to Charlestowu. 
The town granted for its support a 
great farm in Chebacco. William 
Paine made gift of Little Neck, and 
the revenue fiom these properties 
made helpful contribution to its sup- 
port as it does still to our High 

The fine public spirit which ani- 
mated Kobort Payne when he bought 
these two acres with the dwelling 
thereon, and built the school-house, 
and William Hubbard and William 
Paine and the whole body of free- 
holders, reveals the high value which 
our fathers attached to the highest 
education. A multitude of men, who 
have made grand work of life, had 
never done so well if that school had 
not brought them their opportunity 
of preparation for the College. The 
Ipswich of after years, with its noble 





history, is largely the creation of 
that old Grammar School and we 
do well, most surely, in rearing here, 
on or near the School House Green, 
as it was anciently called, this en- 
during" memorial of its beginning 1 . 

William Hubbard was the son of 
William Hubbard, an eminent resi- 
dent of our town. He was a member 
of the first class that graduated at 
Harvard College in 1G42, While Mr. 
Cheever was in the midst of his 
labors, Mr. Hubbard became the col- 
league of Rev. Mr. Coblett, the 
pastor of the Church, and for nearly 
a half century, he upheld the ex- 
a.ulted reputation of the ministry of 
the ancient church. In the pulpit 
he was the peer of the ablest, but his 
name is remembered chiefly for the 
valuable contributions which ho 
made to the history of his times. 
1 lis ''History of the Indian Wars' 1 
was published in his own time. His 
'•History of New England was left in 
manuscript but lias been published 
within the present century." 

He married in early life, Margaret, 
the daughter of Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers, and when the young wife 
went from her father's home, it was 
but a little way to the sightly spot 
on the river bank where her new 
home was; and when, in his old age, 
he married again, he chose t he- 
widow Pearce, his neighbor, despite 
the complaint that she was not a lit 
person for such high distinction. 

Thus Hubbard is of peculiar inter- 
est to us, as the first of the men of 
the latter days whose learning was 
not that of Cambridge on the Cam 
but Cambridge on the Charles. 
From his childhood he was identi- 

fied with this town. II i> large his- 
torical work was accomplished in 
our midst. His very helplessness in 
conducting his financial affairs, 

which involved him in constant dif- 
ficulties with his creditors, rong- 
eur sympathy. 1 like to think id 
him as a childish-minded man ol 
the world, who lived in the realm of 
letters in sublime disregard of com- 
mon things, tin; easy victim of any 
designing knave. In the- .March 
court, 1073, a group of abusers of his 
kindness was brought to grief. Peter 
Leycrcss, Jonas Gregory and Lyman 
Woods for stealing ami using five 
gallons of wine from Mr. Hubbard's 
were judged to pay him5£. 

The same Peter Leyeross was pun- 
ished for other thefts of a gallon, and 
one of three quarts. Peter and Jonas 
were also convicted of stealing a 
sheep from him, and Jonas was 
proved guilty of stealing a "fatt 
weather ;" while Nathaniel Emer- 
son for being present at the unhal- 
lowed orgies, when the minister's 
wine was drunk, "was admonished.'' 
These are the men whose names 
are written on these enduring tablets 
Three ministers, a magistrate and 
law-maker, and a school-master; 
each illustrious in his calling, all 
conspicuous in public affairs; a not- 
able group of wise, strong, high- 
minded, devout-souled men. W( 
may well add to these illustrious 
names that of Giles Firmin, Ward'; 
son-in-law and neighbor, the phy- 
sician of the community, who grow 
tired of the slender returns from tin 
practice of physic, went back t( 
Kngland and won renown in tin 
ministry; and Rogers's son John 



more famous than himself, who in- 
herited his father's homestead and 
combined the functions of the min- 
ister and the physician. He became 
the President ol* Harvard Coilege, 
but died on the day of his first com- 
mencement, .1 uly 20, 1684. His widow, 
Elizabeth, daughter of the soldier, 
Gen. Daniel Denison, continued her 
residence here many years. Korean 
we forget Ellen Lothrop,— sister of 
Capt. Thomas Lothrop, who fell at 
Bloody Brook, — whom EzokiclChoc- 
yer married in duo season. Thus 
there are military associations and 
reminders of sad scenes and direful 
events, that interweave themselves 
With the quiet annals of this rare 

Our winding', elm-shaded street 
itself is a landmark of the earliest 
clays. How many generations of 
travellers have passed along- its quiet 
path. Whether it was over this 
highway that Gov. Winthrop came 
to town, on foot on an April day in 
10:)1, to visit the new settlement ami 
tarried over Sabbath to preach to the 
people, we may not affirm. A pop- 
ular tradition has it that the original 
way to Ipswich was by way of the 
present Topsfield road, but traditions 
ire of uncertain value. John Dane 
tells us in his Diary, that he came 
rom Roxhury to Ipswich, "when 
more was no path but what the In- 
lians had made. Sometimes 1 was 
n it and sometimes out of it," lie 
uiivoly writes. It was probably 
>ver this highway that the good gov- 
ernor came, under escort of the Ips- 
v T ich soldiers, in Juno UYol, when the 
Vquot war was making men's hearts 
o fail them for fear: and the little 

army of seventeen brave young men 
of Ipswich had marched this way, 

we may presume, toward tin; seal of . 
war in April of that year. 

lint the day of meandering and 
uncertain Indian trails was seen to 
(Mid. November 5, 1639, each town 
was obliged to join with its neigh- 
bors in laying- out the highway-, and 
the Ipswich and Rowley surveyors 
report that the highway had 
been laid out in due form, "along 
by Mr. Saltonstall's house, over the 
Kails at Mile River, and by marked 
trees over Mr. Appleton's meadow, 
called Parlye Meadow, and from 
thence by Mr, Hubbard's farm Liousu 
— "and so on through Wenham to 
Salem. The bridge over the River, 
on the site of the present Ohoato 
bridge was completed in Pill, and 
from that time a stream of travel 
has flowed continously by this spoti 
on this goodly highway, eight rods 

Governors and magistrates with 
courtly retinues come this way; 
bluir Thomas Dudley seeking a homo 
here, with his son-in-law, Simon 
Bradstreet, and his famous wife, 
Ann; Cotton and Wilson and Roger 
Williams; the famous minis'ers of 
the olden time, stopping at eventide 
to refresh themselves under Ward's 
humble roof or at Rogers's more pre- 
tentious mansion ; or with Hubbard 
or with the worshipful "Alister 
Saltonstall," in the intervals of his 
residence here, then took up their 
journey, and passed on to the town 
beyond. Sabbath after Sabbath saw 
the yeomanry riding in, their horses 
keeping a decent Sabbath gait, their 
wives or daughters <>>» pillions, re- 



gardless of summer's heat or winter's 
cold, to worship God in His House 

Anon, there is the swift hoof-beat 
of the messenger in Sept. 1642, riding 
at top of snood with orders for the 
soldiery to march at once toward 
Haverhill and disarm Passecon- 
away; and more than once, I ween, 
at sound of the alarm gun, there was 
a rush of resolute men and pallid 
laced women hither and thither, for 
defence or for refuge. 

Then came the mid years of the 
century, when the terrors of Indian 
alarms were stilled awhile, but many 
a sad scene of religious intolerance 
took place. The full virulence of 
Puritan hate was vented upon the 
hapless Quaker and from the 
court house or their prison on Meet- 
ing' House Hill to the jail in Salem 
or Boston where they were to lan- 
guish, Josiah South wick and Cassan- 
dra, and Samuel Shattuck, (immor- 
talized in Whiitier's verse,) were 
escorted past this spot, tinder guard 
and loaded with their chains; or 
perchance even dragged at a cart's 
tail ignominiously and beaten on 
their bare backs until their life -blood 
crimsoned the duty road. 

Again the horrors of war were 
abroad when King Philip smote the 
the settlements with lire and steel, 
and Capt. Samuel Appleton marched 
out with his company in September 
to win line renown for valiant courage 
and skillful leadership. He return- 
ed in November but early in Decem- 
ber he was again afield with his 
loyal company, for the peril and 
hardship of that winter campaign 
and the dreadful ''Swamp Fight." 
Again and again there was a call for 

men, and squad after squad ol Ips- 
wich citizens marched along; our 
highway, now so peaceful, with 

heavy hearts, but high resolve t«» 
meet tin; wily foe; escorted perhaps, 
on either hand and close behind, by 
neighbors and friends cheering them 
on their way. 

And while the war was still wag- 
ing, the redoubtable Mogg, chief <>i 
the Indians to the Eastward, passed 
by in November 167(5 on his way to 
Boston to arrange terms for a treaty 
of peace. With what mingled looks 
of bitter hate and trembling fright 
was the savage gazed at from (.-very 
window and all along our roadside 
Happily he received good treat- 
ment. The son of Mr. Cobbett, tin 
minister, was then a captive in 
Maine. The Indian went to Mr 
Cobbett's house and promised his 
good oiiices in securing the son's 
release, which he eventually accom- 

Again there is a lull in the sound ol 
marching- soldiery and jingling 
horse-troopers, but our old King's 
highway does not lack for travellers 
of highest interest. Sir Edmund 
Andros, the royal governor and Ar 
bitrary despot, rode this way witl 
gaily caparisoned escort — but re 
turned, with pride humbled by tin 
daring ill-treatment he had mt t 
And a larger figure than Andros w< 
will ever think, was the brave mill 
ister of Chebacco, John Wise, win 
rode by this spot as the afternooi 
wore on, on August 22, 1087, to mec 
a few choice spirits at John Apple 
ton's and plan for their famous re 
sistance to the tax on the followiiij 




Fair young Margaret Smith and 
her knightly company passed along, 
her face still pale, I imagine, from 
her fright at Mile River, where the 
sagamore caused her such alarm by 
his appearance. And Judge Samuel 
Sowall came and went on his judi- 
cial rounds; and as tne century drew 
to its close, there was frequent sight 
along* this road, of innocent men and 
women, charged with the heinous 
crime of witchcraft, who were hur- 
ried to Salem for trial and back to 
Mir jail for custody. Most notable of 
ill, stern, defiant, old Giles Corey 
.vas seen amid the prisoners and 
laving made his will in Ipswich 
ail, he was carried to Salem to en- 
lure his awful sentence of being 
>resscd to death. 

One touch of the grotesque lights 

p tin; sombre annals of our beaiiti- 

ul old road, just as the new century 

aine in. Wheeled vehicles were 

oining into vogue for travel and 

Sapt. John Stevens, a sailor, perhaps 

•eshly home from his voyage and 

iger for a sensation, with Jane San- 

i ma n as a companion, presumed to 

do through our town in a calash, 

u his way from Beverly to Nevv- 

ary, on a fi tie Sabbath in May. 

or this "prophanation of ye Sab- 

ith" he was summoned before the 

)swich Assize on May 19, 1702. In 

ay 1707, there was a Hash of pol- 

hed steel and brass, and the splen- 

>r of bright uniforms as the Ipswich 

'litingents marched by to join the 

:pidition against Port Royal. 

>me of the first citizens rode at the 

sad. Francis Wainwright was 

lonel, and Samuel Appleton, the 

'UiiQ'Givwas Lieutenant Colonel of 

"the red regiment" Appleton was 

tie; only ollicer who won any honor 
in that ill-starred campaign. 

The years slips by and now it is 
1740, and on Monday, September 29. 
there is great expectancy of a distin- 
guished traveller, George Whiteriehl 
the great preacher. He came from 
Salem, escorted by two or three gen- 
tlemen who had gone to meet him, 
and stopped one night at the Parson- 
age of Sir. Rogers. He preached at 
ten o'clock next day to a vast con- 
gregation, and our old street was 
crowded, I am sure with eager wor- 
shippers, afoot and horseback, in 
calashes and tumbrils; families in 
clumsy farm wagons drawn by oxen; 
the well-to-do in mil's and ribbons, 
embroideries and laces, silks and 
velvets, powdered wigs and all fem- 
inine elegancies ; — tie; poor in home- 
spun and cheap finery. He returned 
on Saturday, preached a, vain to a 
similar throng and in the afternoon 
rode this way and on to Salem. 

That substancial merchant of Kit- 
tery, William Pepperell, — somewhat 
awkward ami constrained perhaps 
in his new role of commamh-r of the 
Colonial forces at Louisburg — came 
along the highway in 1745. Some of 
our ancient wise acres prophesied 
failure, no doubt, for the expedition 
under such a strange leader, and 
grave forebodings of ill followed the 
gallant voluuteers who went to Bos- 
ton to take passage. But when Sir 
William returned from his extraord- 
inary triumph, he was received 
with abounding honor. Civic and 
military escorts attended him all the 
way from Boston to Kittery. Ban- 
quets and fetes awaited him evM'v- 



where. Our whole town came over 
to School Mouse Green, of course, to 
see 1 he conqueror and his imposing 
retinue J i is famous coach, with 
its gaily liveried driver and out- 
riders, was a brilliant spectacle. 
Whenever Sir William had occasion 
to journey to and from Boston, and 
our town folks came to know it well. 

In 1747 there was the sound of 
broad-axe and hammer, and a ['ani- 
ons gathering of the good folks who 
had finally withdrawn from the old 
Parish, to rai so the frame of the new 
meeting-house on the very spot 
where our granite slab stands Col. 
Thomas Berry, Physician and Mag- 
istrate, Col. John Choate, Thomas 
Norton the scholinaster, and many 
another prominent citizen, were here 
that very day, and the doors of Col. 
Ohoate's hospitable mansion, in yon- 
der neighboring corner, were wide 
open in generous welcome. 

Some twelve years biter a very 
sorry group came this way and 
passed on to their bumble lodgings; 
an Acadian priest and his company 
of exiles, part of that great number, 
who had been torn by violence from 
their happy homes in Nova Scotia; 
and who now had come in poverty 
and wretchedness, to eke out a live- 
lihood as best they might in this 
community. No sadder spectacle 
had been witnessed, 1 seem to feel, 
since the days of the witchcraft 

And now we come to the alarms 
and fears and farewells of the days 
of '70. Tidings of the British 
march to Lexington were brought 
quickly, and the minute men, who 
bad been in expectation of just such 

i call, quickly fell into line ami 
marched u way, ('apt. Thomas Burn- 
ham ill their head, to have their pai i 
in the affray. Two days later this 
neighborhood, and all the town 
were thrown into panic, by the 
rumor that the British regulars had 
landed e:: the Beach and were al- 
ready marching up towards the 
Town. The able-bodied men bad 
gone to Lexington, and there was no 
hope or though t of resistance. All 
who were abl- fled for safety, or 
rushed up and down the road, not 
knowning what to do. Dr. Dana, 
looking out of his front door yonder, 
must have seen stirring sight- ; and 
many a trembling women in these 
old houses waited with terror the 
first drumbeat of the foe. Happily 
the report was false, but the tale 
spread onward, and the towns for 
leagues northward, and as far as Bev- 
erly on the south, were panic-struck 
with the report of ruthless slaughter 
in this town by the hated red coats. 
Many of the men of Ipswich put on 
the Continental uniform in those 
dark days, ami the sight of soldiers 
marching to the front, or coining 
home for furlough, or on discharge, 
or walking wearily worn with sick- 
ness or maimed by wounds, was sad- 
ly frequent. We point with pride 
still, to the goodly man-ion of Na- 
thaniel Wade hard by. lie went at 
once to the front and did valiant 
service everywhere, and was hon- 
ored by Washington with especial 
confidence when Arnold went over 
to the British. 

Little did the [pswich people think 
that Col. Benedict Arnold could be 
Lriiiltv of such baseness, for he was 



held in especial honor in this vicin- 
ity, we may believe. 

In Sept. 177-"), a detachment, con- 
sisting- of 1100 men, two battalions of 
musket-men and three companies of 
Riflemen, was placed under Arnold's 
command and despatched from 
Cambridge to Newburyport, there 
to take shipping for the Maine coast, 
to make an assault on Quebec. On 
Friday, Sept, 15, one detachment 
marched down this road and on to 
Newburyport. The battalion com- 
manded by Maj. R. J. Meigs followed 
a little behind and encamped at 
Rowley. The last companies arrived 
later and encamped in our town. 
That was an exciting day. Arnold, 
we may presume, led one of these 
battalions and was the hero of the 
hour. Daniel Morgan and his com- 
pany of Virginia Riflemen excited 
the admiring gaze of all. A private 
soldier, marching in the ranks with 
gun and knapsack would haye been 
ga/.ed at with pitiful curiosity, if his 
future could have been known. He 
was Aaron Burr, and his splendid 
valor before Quebec, and his illus- 
trious services, in civic life, were to 
be overwhelmed in disastrous eclipse 
by his fatal duel with Alexander 
Hamilton, and his wretched old age. 

Again this thoroughfare is throng- 
ed with an eager company and 
Washington was received with 
boundless enthusiasm ; and many a 
old soldier was here to greet him, as 
he passed into the neighboring hos- 
telry for his entertainment. Resi- 
dent Munroe was welcomed in 1817, 
July 12, and in 1824 Gen. LaFayette 
made his triumphant entry in a 
pouring rain. J i u t no rain could 

quench the enthusiasm of that day 
and the soldier received a royal 
greeting. One of the troopers who 
escorted him that i\^y, Mr. Aaro.i 
Kinsman, still survives, and the 
pistol and sabre he carried are 
among the most treasured relics of 
our collection. 

The post rider of early day- can- 
tered by with his mail-bag thrown 

across his pommel. In later years 
came the stage coaches. On Wind- 
mill Hill the guard sounded his burn 
and right bravely the horses dashed 
down the long slope and by the 
meeting house. 

Only one passenger by that con- 
veyance, out of all the multitude of 
travellers, rouses our especial inter- 
est; Daniel Webster, hurrying hither 
late at night, in April 1817, to make 
his masterful plea for bis old neigh- 
bor at Ipswich Court. The first 
whistle of the locomotive sounder 
the knell of the stage coach and all 
the romance attaching to that pict- 
uresque but Tedious mode of travel, 
lives only in memory, rto it is with 
the training days on the Green, when 
booths for refreshment and fakir 
shows lined the street and with the 
ordinations and installations, which 
were occasions of similar note. 

13 ut the Past still lingers in mem- 
ory and the glory of the earliest days 
is not eclipsed by the happenings of 
the present. These bright names 
inscribed upon our tablets are not 
dimmed by the lustre of any later 
fame. They need no memorial of 
stone or bronze to perpetutate their 
remembrance. We rear this tablet 
to show that we are grateful for the 



rich legacy they have left us, of fine 
manhood and illustrious deeds; that 
our children may learn the story of 
their lives and emulate their virtues ; 

and that this spot, the place of their 
residence, may be honored and or- 
namented by this reminder of their 
fair renown. 

ipSUil^ ^ISTORI<?R 50QI^5Y 

Annual Meeting, Dec. 7, 1896. President's Address. 
Treasurer's Report. 

The Ipswich Historical Society The report of Treasurer .1. [. Ilor- 

held its annual meeting 1 at the His- ton was as follows: 

torical room Monday evening, Dec, Ipswich, Mass., Dec. 7. ls'.Uj. 

7th, with a fair attendance of those Joseph I. 1 1 orton. Treasurer, 

interested in. tlie work. The reading In acct. with the Ipswich Historical 

of reports and the election of o dicers Society, 

For 1897 was the tirst business, and Hi;. 

the ballot for the latter resulted as To amount of donations, membership 

follows: dues, etc., -".l' i. is 

Pros., Rev. T. Frank Waters. Co. 

Vice l'res., Hon. C. A. Sayward and By cash paid for rablet, s^Sl.Ud 

Hon. Fred Willeomb. " " " furnishing r< i VMS.'.U 

Treas.. Joseph 1. Ilorton. tl •• " renl ot room 7"».oo 

Hoc. Sec, J. II. Cogswell. " ■' " incidentals, fuel 

Cor. Sec.,' Rev. Milo II. (Jates. cleaning furniture, etc. •*•*. :;7 

Librarian, M. V. li. Perley. Ry cash en hand I.S7 
The society was shown to he in 

excellent shape to commence the 

new year. 1890 has been prolific in Respectfully submitted, 

pood work, the opening of rooms, Joseph 1. Hourox, Treas. 

setting of tablets, ami the largely President Waters interesting mid 

increased collections of antiquities, instructive address is given in lull 

curios and historical documents. below: 

After the business of the evening On Friday evening, Keb. :id, ixuu, 

had been disposed of several of the this room was occupied by lite Society 

members present spoke 1 entertain- for the fust time. The exhibition 

ingly o ii old school days and old rases were then in place, Ion noi quite 

masters. ready for use. Apart from Mm- valuable 

collection oli manuscripts, which hail heriuy, as well as the imii.sputahle 

been presented by Mr. D. ¥. Appleton, remnants of an uilttll skeleton If tlihj 

the books from the same donor, and be so, we have .1 glimpse of an atro- 

th'e records of the Ipswich Female eious cannibalism, which had not beeu 

Seminar), of the Ipswich Pamphlet suspected. 

Society organized in 18U0, and the lps- Wc hope thai other contributions to 
wich Reading Room Association formed the archaeological department will 0011 
in 1824, the society possessed nothing be made. The field of research is bo 
for exhibition or safe keeping. extraordinaiily lich, thai many indi- 
But it soon began to be evident that viduals have gradual!) accumulated 
the faith in its own future, which the an excellent collection. While in pri- 
Society had shown, had not been mi;- vate hands these are likely to be scat- 
placed. One of the first donations was tered or lost, and they are of no 
from Mr. Benjamin N"ewman, a col- practical value. In the possession of 
lection of Indian iniplcments of itn- the Society (hoc collections may he 
usual delicacy of work man. -hip, which classified, kept securely, and exhibited, 
was speedily supplemented by a vain- and the total collection will come to 
able donation from Mis. Dickinson, have unique value as the product of 
This department of the collection was this locality alone. 

put at once on a substantial foundation, In the depart men t of Antiquities, by 
and the subsequent loan of implements gift or hem, ihe Society lias actpiin d a 
and heads idem Mr. Richardson, of creditable exhibit. Her.' we lind the 
Rowley, and the contributions of single spinning wheels and yarn reels, the 
objects by individuals have given it a ureal winnowing fan, the old cradle, 
size and quality, that augurs well for the cheese press and tongs, Dr. Ma li- 
the future. The collection of hones, ning'slingo old mortar, the foot-stove, 
shells, etc., from the great shell heap candlemould and candlesticks, the lace 
on Treadwell's island lias been pillow, and the samples of lace wrought 
examined very carefully by Mr. Walter in the old lace factory on High street, 
Faxon of the Peabody Museum in Cam- the fragments from old bouses, the hits 
biidge, lie is very desinins that the of nice needlework. These are ihe ob- 
bones and teeth be examined by an jects of popular intesesT, which are 
expert and lie thinks that the acca- gazed at eagerly by boys and girls, and 
rate identification of the ; nimals and educate them in \ery practical fashion. 
birds, to which they belonged would 'Ibis department of our collection ad- 
throw valuable light on the varieties of mits of indefinite expansion, and v<>\\- 
each, common to this locality in the tiibutions aie solicited from the 
prehistoric period. lie inclined to treasures that are hidden away in 
think that there were fragments of a closets, and garrets, ami out of the way 
child's skeleton, and a child's tooth nooks and corners. 
with a tragmentof the jaw still ad- We invite tbe gift or loan of ami. pie 

chairs for the furnishing of the room, roll of ('apt. Dodge's company, and Col. 
Five have a 1 ready come into our keen- Wade's orderly hook, dc»erve inen-tiou. 
i j 1 «i* , luit more arc needed. Extreme Of documents of an earlier age, our 
modesty, we are persuaded, prevents aneienl petition of 10.~>8 has found two 
many from offering' some old bit of more ancient comoaniuns. By the 
furniture or bric-a-brac because it kindness of Mr. Robert ( . Winthrop, of 
seems worthless. But many an article, Boston, our society li;t-> received an 
rescued from its hiding place, cleaned, autograph letter of John Winthrop 
lepaired if need be, becomes useful and Jun., the founder of our town, dated 
even valuable ; in witness whereof, oh- Agawam, Jul) 20, 1 *>■'> l ; and an inventory 
serve this admirable chest of drawers made by William Clerk of all the liousc- 
or bureau, but lately the occupant of bold goods in Mr. Winthrop's Ipswich 
an attic, now a thing of beauty and of residence. These are of the lirsL value 
.service. Specimens of old family and give a high character to oui manu- 
china, sampleis and specimens of script collection. 

needlework, old lamps, cooking men- No department of our exhibit 
sils of ancient, pattern, tools of the possesses more quaint interest, and 
early times, are desired; and particn- none can be expanded with greater 
larly pewter porringers and platters to facility. .Many old deeds, wills, ae- 
coinplete the collection, in which the count books and the like are in private 
late Mr. John Perkins was particularly hand.-. Mr. Everett Jewett, ol the Yil- 
interested and to which he contributed lage, has a very large collection, the 
so generously. life accumulation of Cant. Moses Jew- 

Our show ease contains a miscella- ctt, who lived from 1722 to lTi'Mi, and 
neons exhibit, and illustrates the some tit' earlier date. Mr. Benjamin 
breadth of oin desires and the variety Fewkes has signified his intention of 
of interesting objects. The few auto- depositing a valuable collection of old 
graphs suggest to us the value of 'a Wade papers. Mr. John lh 

large collection of autographs of the Brown has recently given 
eminent men of this town and of the valuable account hook. with one 
country, and a companion collection of series beginning in 1078, and a second 
photographs or even silhouettes. A series by a later hand in the middle of 
few are already in our hands, but we the following century. Mrs. Fhilip 
hope for more. K. Clarke has deposited a 

Our collection of Revolutionary and series of ancient Kinsman deeds. Some 
Confederate money is interesting, and of these old papers are so worn that 
the exhibit of fractional currency of they are already falling apart and they 
the Civil war period, thanks to the are likely to he ruined b\ the loss of 
loan of Mr. Richardson, and the gift of some of the pieces. Those in our pus- 
several parties, is of value. The lievo- session have been mended and 
lutionary documents, especially the strengthened by strips mi the backside. 

and fastened with a flexible hinge in a Journal, the Ipswich Register, the 
large scrap bonk, so that they can bo Ipswich Clarion and the [pswich Bulle- 
exarained without possibility of injury, tin. Are there not other copies or par- 
Mr. Frank Lord lias deposited with tial files that may be added to these? 
us the complete records of the Denison Graduation programmes, orders of 
Light Infantry. exercises of every kind, even of recent 

The nucleus of our library is the old date, anything of local interest, arc 
Ipswich Religious Library, instituted solicited. Only lately 1 saw a remark- 
in 1701. Some two hundred able collection of old printed broad- 
volumes, beaiing the name of this sides, containing the dying confession 
organization, are on our shelves, and of Pomp, hanged for murder in 17'.»">, 
the secretary's and librarian's record, and similar gruesome relicts, [Tow 
£-ome of these books date back to the many similar papers might be found'.' 
year 1047 ; some bear the autographs of They are all useful and valuable in 
their owners, Rev John Rogers, 1700, their way. 

and his son, Uev. Nathaniel Rogers, Pictures, too, are very acceptable. 
both pastors of the First church. They This ancient panel tells its own story, 
are of the most substantial quality, of the busy days of another century, 
sermons, theological ami controversial The fine reprint of Trum null's Bunker 
works, and meditations. Hardly a Hill was the gift of Mr. K hvard Smith, 
volume would be read today, but the of Salem. The water eoloi of the an- 
taste of the people of a century ago cient bouse by the depot cam- from 
was so robust and serious, that these Mrs. Henry Saltonstall, of Boston. 
old books show much honest, wear, and The portrait of Whitefield . hangs by 
the librarian's record shows how many right so near the spot where the great 
used them. Apart from these, and the preacher proclaimed the gospel a con- 
volumes previously mentioned, our lit- tury and a half ago. Two ancient 
erary treasures are scant. But pam- paintings brought from Italy by Mr. 
pblets of vaiious kinds are coming Lcverett Treadwell many years ago 
more rapidly. Already we have quite have been deposited by Mrs. Ignatius 
a bundle of printed sermons of Ipswich Dodge. 

ministers, and of miscellaneous ser- On the day of the dedication of our 
inons yet more. There are many of tablets this room was formally opened 
(piaint interest on a variety of themes, to the public. The permanent deposits, 

Let us have mure and more of these which had been secured at that time, 
old musty pamphlets, and the more were supplemented by a considerable 
modern ones as well. We have a be- loan collection, and many of our towns- 
ginning of a tile of School Reports and folks and many visitors from abroad 
of Town Reports. Let these be made visited the room during the day. Since 
complete. We have a few old news- then the room has been opened to the 
papers, stray copies of the Ipswich public every Saturday afternoon. The 


visitors' book shows an average mini- to elect tax commissioners at the com 
her of about twenty-five or thirty visi- maud of Sir Edmund Andres, and won 
tons. Interest in the exhibit is growing by its bohl act, and by the penalty it paid 
apace, and we may confidently hone Cor its boldness, a proud nanii among 
that when summer comes again, our Massachusetts towns, and made a 
room will become an object of general spendid contribution to the series ol 
interest and popular pride. protests against taxation withoul 

The one event of the year, which has representation, which began at Watei 
yiven our society standing" and character town in the infancy of the colony, and 
amid tlie numerous local societies that culminated in the universal determiua- 
are springing up all around us, was the tion to resist the Stamp Act anil in tlie 
erection of the substantial memorial War of the [{evolution, 
tablets on the South Greerr. No move Here sat the Courts formany years, 
conspicuous and pleasing location until the Courl House u;i> built. Here 
could be found. It rarely happens that were the stocks, and whiuping post, 
bo many memories of the past, reach- watch house and prison. Here honest 
Ing over so long a period in the annuls Quakers and good nun am] women, 
of a community yet familiar to but few, charged with witchcraft, wen.- iinpri- 
cluster about a spot, already so atcrac- soncd among the criminals suffering 
tive by its great natural beauty. We righteous punishment. 
may well congratulate ourselves that li remains for our society, or some 
we have rescued' from oblivion a group generous and patriotic friend of the 
of historic facts of the highest interest, society to make a move toward erect- 
and given them permanent prominence, ing on this historic spot a lifting 

May we not venture to hope and memorial. The .year LSD7 is the 210th 
plan for the erection Of anothei memo- anniversary of the Andros Uesistance. 
jial at no distant day'.' The rugged The town niighl cooperate with us. 
bummit of Town Mill, where the b'irst Have we faith enough in the success oi 
church stands today, is the one spot of the enterprise to begin to plan to that 
tianscendent interest in the brilliant end? If this project seems too ainbi- 
liistory of our ancient town. Here the tious, lesser memorials to comuiemo- 
tirst humble meeting house was reared, rate the residence among us <u Dud- 
guarded by its fort, and watched by ley, and Ann Uradstreel, and Wimhiop 
sentries, and successive meeting houses and Denison, may perliaps be uutler- 
h'ave hallowed the spot through all the taken. 

years of the past. Here in the old Apart from these' schemes of a pub- 
church the people assembled in town lie nature, out Society needs funds for 
meetings to make t heir own laws, and the legitimate work thai auails ii. 
rule themselves in orderly fashion ; and The running expenses of the coming 
here, was held that memorable town year call fo.i an hundred and tn;\ dol 
meeting oJ KiST, when the town refused lars at least. M«iiu\\ is needed I'm the 

Ii 1 1 1 1 a li ro w in' until 

purchase of books, nol found in uui thu maintenance ol Ihe Sociutj ami tie- 

public library, which shed light on the furtherance of its work. We desire to 

history of our town, li is desirable 

thai some publication be made of its 

own proceedings or of the manuscripts 

and records in its possessions. We in- "'"v. 

vite all our citizens to .share with us in constant, cooperation of many fiieil I 

members ami i hroughoul t lie eoinmu- 
an succeed only by the 


The following is the report of the which was largely attended. The 

Corresponding Secretary, J. II. Cogs- president stated the need oi the Socie- 

well, read at the annual meeting of the ,, ,. ™ . i , 

' H ty. Mi. 1). 1- . .Xppleton, who was p res- 
Ipswich riistorical Society Dec. 7: 

... ., . ,. . , ',,,, , , ., unt, was very enthusiastic in the mat- 
On the evening ol the 1-lth oi April, 

1890, a little company met at the home u ' r i nil(1 strongly advised sceiirinjj a 

of Mr. Waters and organized what is room for the use of the Society. U 

now the Ipswich Historical Society, hi- suggestion Messrs. Waters, Say- 

During the first four years of the ward, dates and Constant wen; made a 

organization meetings were occasional- committee to secure a room Miii ible 

ly held at the studio of Arthur W. for the purpose. Lt was also voted that 

Dow in the Caldwell block, and at the an annual assessment of two dollais be 

vestry of the South church. These required of each member of the 

meetings were addressed mainly b^ Society, and $101 was pledged un the 

our own citizens, Messrs. Waters, Say- spot. 

ward and Dow. frequently speaking 'At the next meeting, held M >nday 

upon matters of local interest, On evening, Oct 21st, it was reported that 

several occasions, however, we listened a room in the Odd Fellows' buil nag 

to parties from abroad, among whom could be secured, ami the committee 

were lion. W. I). Xorihend and W. S. were given full power to hire and lit it 

Xevins, of Salem, the former on the up for the accommodation of the 

"liny State Colony," ana the latter on Society At this meeting the president 

'•Nathaniel Hawthorne." read an execediugh interesting papei 

It was not, however, until Sept. 80, upon military affairs in the earliest 

1805, that the Society entered upon its times, showing that Ipswich took a 

work in real earnest. On that date a v< r\ prominent part in the military 

meeting- was held at the Parish House, achievements of the lirsi half century. 


furnishing the two groat leaders. Doni- between England ami Prance foi the 

son and Appleton. possession ol Nova Seotia and the 

At the next meeting of the Society, events which led to the forcible re 

Nov. 19, ;i code of by-laws were moval of the Aeadians from their 

adopted, and Jesse Fewkes, of Xewton, homes in that ewiintry. lie also gave 

(a native «.f our town), read an inter- an account of the arrival ol a nuinbei 

esting paper upon the "Evidence of of them in this town, and ol their kiuil 

the occupation of our shores by the treatment while here. 
Norsemen in the eleventh century. '" The next and in 111:1113 respects the 

At this meeting the coirespomling most important meeting ol Ihc year 

secretary read ;i letter from liev. Mr. was held at the I'aiish House, March 

Uodge, of Leominster, stating that he 18, when Dr. A. I'. Putnam, of Danvers. 

would he pleased to deliver his lecture gave 1 1 i -- lecture upon ''Iieeolloetions 

on Samuel Appleton -before (lit- llistor- of distinguished persons at hmnc and 

teal Society sometime during the win- abroad.' 1 Dr. Putnam i- .1 beaulifitl 

ter. As this lecture was not given last speakei and his personal ic;ninisiM*inf> 

winter, it is hoped we may be fa\ red of Lincoln, Wehster, Sumiu'r. tJrant 

v\ith it during the present, and others whose nam.- have beeonu 

The next meeting of the Society was historic in pur own country, as well a- 

held in this room Jan. 3, lSiKJ." A good Lord Palmerston and other statesmei 

number was present. The president in Fngland, the nobility of (iermatn 

read an exceedingly interesting piper and the men of mark in hah am 

upon the History of the Probate Build- Fiance, were intensely interesting ;nu 

ing and its surroundings, followed by held every hearer from start to linish. 
M. V. 13. Perley with a poem 111.1011 the Ai the close of the lecture the presi 

'■Lost Arts," which was much appre- dent announced that Francis II. Apple 

•elated. ton had asked the privilege of giving ; 

Feb. 10, the Society held a meeting tablet to be elected upon the Soilll 

at the Parish House and listened to a Common in memory of historic men 

very line address from F/.ra 1 h 1 1 ines. and events of the catl> days. '1 hi 

Esq. 3 of Danvers, on "The march of generous offer ol Mr. Appleton wa 

Arnold from Cambridge to Quebec." most thoroughly appreciated us tli 

Mr. llines is an easy, graceful speaker Society hail long desired to erect sue 

and held the attention of the audience a tablet. Work wasjin mediately eon 

very closely. menced upon the tablet ami .> 

The next meeting of the Society was Wednesday, July 20, the exercises ii 

at its room March 21, and was ail- cident to its unveiling was held <>n lb 

dressed by Lion. C. A. Sayward on "The Green «n front of the South entire I 

Acadians in Ipswich," in which he which every one declared to be a "We 

gave a careful summary of the contest Letter Day" foi old Ipswich. 



Ipswich Historical Society, 

FEBRUARY, 1897. 

D. Fuller Appleton Lewis R. Hovey 

Francis II. Appleton j hn A. Johnson 

Randolph S. Appleton Charles N. Kelly 

Dr. C.E.Ames Rev. John C. Kimball 

John A. Blake Miss c . m . ie R Lakeman 

John E. Blakemore, Boston Cu , tis E Lakeman 

James W. Bond Miss Lucy gj L(jrd 

Warren Boynton Thomas Lord 

John B. Brown _ _, _ _. 

~. -, 1} Dr. George E. Macarthy 

Chas. S. Brown _ _ b __ J 

ivr wn- rx t> JilllieS I. Mailll 

Mrs. William G. Brown , , _. __ 

~ -too i John P. Mars ton 

Daniel S. Burnham ^ , , T _, 

Everard H. Martin 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell, Eliot, Me ^\ vs E II Martin 

Chas. A. Campbell _ . ... _■- 

„,■.,. t^ r „ , John W. Nourse 
Philip E. Clarke 

Miss L. C. Coburn Martin V - B - Perle y 

John H. Cogswell Augustine II. PlouiF 

Theodore F. Cogswell Jas - E - Richardson, Rowley 

Rev. Edward Constant Joseph Ross 

Chas. S. Cummings Jose I )h F - Ross 

Fred G. Ross. 

George K. Dodge William S. Russell 

Miss Bertha Dobson Angus L. Savory 

Rev. George F. Durgin Chas . A . Sa y ward 

Rev. Milo H. Gates George A. Schofleld 

John W. Goodhue Edward A. Smith, Salem 

Mrs. George H. Green John E. Tenney 

Miss Lucy Hamlin Mis. J. E. Tenney 

Mrs. John Heard Miss Ellen Trask 

Joseph I. Horton Bayard Tuckerman 

Luther Wait Mrs. Chas. H. Wildmerdlng, Chicago 

Rev. T. Frank Waters Gen Chag w DarHnff nii .^ x y 

Freci A. Willcomb \y, Sumner Appleton, Boston 

Wallace P. Willett, East Orange, N J Jes^e Fewkes, Newton 



I. is eligible for honorary membership. 

This Society shall be called the Every person elected an honorary 

Ipswich Historical Society. member shall become such by 

jl signifying acceptance! to the Record- 

The objects of the Society are to in « Secretary, In writing. 
investigate, record and perpetuate VT. 

the history of the town of Ipswich, Any donor to the funds of the 
and to collect, hold and preserve Society to the amount of twenty-five 
documents, books, relics and all dollars may be elected a life mem- 
other matter illustrating its history, her, and shall be exempt from the 
or that of individuals or families payment of the annu il fee. 
identified with it. yil. 

HI* Every resident member shall pay 

The Society shall be composed of an annual fee of two dollars, which 
resident, honorary and life members ; shall he <.]ue on the first of December, 
and all the members shall have the an 1 failure to pay this fee for two 
right to attend all meetings, and to ye srs shall forfeit membership unless 
enjoy full use of the historical col- the Directors shall direct otherwise. 
lections of the society, subject to the VIII. 

ordinary regulations, but the man- An nnnnal meetinfffor the election 
agement and disposal of the Society's of officers shall be held on the first 
affairs and property, and the right to Mo|1(| of Member and regular 
vote shall belong only to resident meetings , m the flr?t Mo|U , of 
and life members. ^ February, May and October. Special 

IV. meetings may be held on the call of 

All members shall be nominated the directors. Due notice of all 
by the Directors and shall be elected meetings shall be given by the 
by ballot at any regular meeting by Recording Secretary, 
a majority of the votes cast. ry 

V. The officers ef the Society shall be 

Any member of kindred societies, a President, two Vice-Presidents, a 

and any person, who has especial in- Treasurer, a Recording Secretary, a 

terest in the objects of the Society, or Corresponding Secretary and a 

who has rendered it valuable service Librarian, and they shall form col- 

Ieetively a "Board of "Directors. Those 
officers shall be elected by ballot at 
the annual meeting, and their term 
of office shall be for one year from 
the date of that meeting, and until 
their successors are elected. Vacan- 
cies in the Hoard of Diiectors shall 
be filled for the remainder of the 
year by the remaining directors. 

The duties of all these officers shall 
be those usually belonging to olfices 
they hold. 


The Directors shall determine the 
use to be made of the income and 
funds of the Society, shall endeavor 

to promote the especial objectf of 
the Society in such ways ns may 

seem most appropriate, shall appoint 
such committees as may seem ex- 
pedient, and shall have the charge 
and custody of all the property and 
collections of the Society. 
These by-laws may be amended at 
any regular meeting or the annual 
meeting, on recommendation of the 
Ditectois, by a vote of two thirds of 
the members present, provided that 
due notice has been given of the 
proposed change at a previous 









Dec. 6, 1897. 

A List of Contributors to the Cabinet. 

Salem press. 

The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 



The Early Homes of the Puritans, 

Somk Old Ipswich Houses, 

Annual Meeting, 

Report of President, . 

Kefort of Secretary, 

Kkport of Treasurkr, 

List of Contributors to Cabinet, 

By-laws, . . '. 





[A paper read, March G, 1897, before the Local History Class of the 
Essex Institute.] 



Peculiar pathos attaches to the landing of the Pil- 
grims at Plymouth, when winter was already abroad, their 
hasty building of their humble homes, and the prolonged 
suffering from cold, scant food, and sickness until summer 
came. But the settlement of the towns of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, Salem, Ipswich, and the rest, presents 
no such pitiful picture. To these points came an orderly 
migration of gentle folk and artisans, direct from their 
comfortable English homes, with much of their belong- 
ings, no doubt. The arrival of the ships that bore them 
was timed so well that they came upon our coast when 
the air was sweet with flowers acid the fragrance of the 
wild strawberries. The long days of summer afforded 
them opportunity for building comfortable homes, and 
settling themselves into their new life, before the ordeal 
of winter came. In our thoughtlessness we banish hard- 
ship and suffering from the annals of this fortunate 

We are encouraged in this rosy dream of the first days 
by the reputed antiquity of many houses still remaining, 
wearing an air of comfort still, with their low, broad 
roofs, their huge chimney-stacks, suggestive of generous 




fire-places within, their small windows, planned to admit 
a sufficiency of light and a modicum of cold, and their 
ample size. These ancient mansions, we are told, date 
from the very earliest years of the settlement, perchance 
even from the year of the founding of the town, and 
accepting the date with confiding credulity, straightway 
we build many similar edifices in our imagination, and 
house the daring pioneers very luxuriously. 

The striking incongruity of such mansions as these, and 
the rough pioneer life in the unbroken wilderness, should 
be enough to make us skeptical. Any careful study of 
the historic data will effectually disprove the truth of this 
claim of age. No less than live ancient dwellings in old 
Ipswich have been declared by many to date from 1633 
or 1634. I have made diligent research in our Town 
Records and at the Registry of Deeds and Wills, and have 
come to the conclusion that two of them were built about 
1700, the third about 1670-1680, and in the case of the 
two others the disproval of the reputed ownership re- 
moves the presumption of an antiquity which is not sug- 
gested by their architecture. 

We shall make much nearer approach to the truth in 
our ideal, we may presume, if we remember always that 
our forefathers were invading a wilderness, and that of 
necessity their first houses were small, rude, and quickly 
built, so that they might give their first summer chiefly to 
clearing the land of forest, and raising some crop to fur- 
nish their food for the long, cold winter. 

Edward Johnson, in his "Wonder Working Provi- 
dence, " portrays the experiences that he had known 
personally, incident to these settlements. " After they have 
found out a place of aboad," he writes, "they burrow 
themselves in the earth for their first shelter, under some 
hill side, casting the earth aloft upon timber ; they make 
a smoaky fire against the earth at the highest side, and 




thus these poor servants of Christ provide shelter for 
themselves, their wives and little ones, keeping off the 
short showers from their lodgings, but the long rains pen- 
etrate through to their grate disturbance in the night sea- 
son, yet in these poor wigwams they sing Psalms, pray, 
and praise their God, till they can provide them homes, 
which ordinarily was not wont to be with many till the 
Earth, by the Lord's blessing, brought forth bread to feed 
them, their wives and little ones." 

Such a tale of woe may seem incredible to us. The 
skilled woodsman can build a summer camp impervious to 
rain, and full of comfort, in a few hours, with no other 
tool than his axe. I have a pleasant acquaintance with a 
Kangeley guide of long experience, who always amazes me 
with stories of the facility with which a warm and com- 
fortable camp can be fashioned in the deep snow in the 
thick forests, when the cold is intense, and of the palatial 
comfort of the log-camp, chinked with moss, covered 
deeply with snow and warmed with a roaring fire. 

But these ancient Puritans were not woodsmen. They 
were gentlemen in part, and weavers, tailors, blacksmiths, 
coopers, brickmakers, carpenters and farmers. What 
knew they of the cunning art of woodcraft? So, I trow, 
that not only their dug-out in the hill-side, but often 
their humble cabin, was not sufficient for comfortable 
warmth. Such w r as the experience of the Deputy Gov- 
ernor Thomas Dudley, who wrote from Cambridge in 
1G30. "I thought tit to commit to memory our present 
condition, and what hath befallen us since our arrival 
here, which I will do shortly, after my usual manner, 
and must do rudely, having yet no table, nor other room 
to write in than by the fireside, upon my knee, in this 
sharp winter, to which my family must have leave to re- 
sort though they break good manners, and make me many 
times forget what I would say, and say what I would not." 


If there was such scant comfort in the homes of their 
gentry, what was the lot of the poorest? Rough, simple 
houses, they must have been. There were no mills to 
saw their lumber. Every board was sawed by the tedious 
toil of two sawyers, one working in a saw pit. Every 
joist was hewed four square with the axe, every nail, bolt, 
hinge and latch, was hammered out by the blacksmith on 
his anvil. Brick chimneys and shingled roofs were rare. 

Our surmise as to the style of their dwelling is con- 
firmed by indubitable record. Matthew Whipple lived 
on the corner of the present County and Summer streets, 
in Ipswich, near Miss Sarah Caldwell's present residence. 
In the inventory of his estate made in 1645, his dwelling 
house, barn and four acres of land, were appraised at 
£36, and six bullocks were valued at the same figure. 
His executors sold the dwelling with an acre of ground 
on the corner, in 1648, to Robert Whitman for £5. 
Whitman sold this property, and another house and lot, to 
William Duglass, cooper, for £22, in 1652. John Anni- 
ball, or Annable, bought the dwelling, barn, and two 
acres of land, on the eastern corner of Market and Sum- 
mer streets, then called Annable's Lane, for £39, in 1647. 
Joseph Morse was a man of wealth and social standing. 
His inventory in 1646 mentions a house, land, etc., valued 
at £9, and another old house with barn and eight acres of 
land valued at £8, 10s. and one cow and a heifer, esti- 
mated at £6, 10s. Thomas Firman was a leading citizen. 
His house was appraised in the inventory at £15, and the 
house he had bought of John Proctor, with three acres of 
land, was estimated to be worth £18, 10s. Proctor's house 
was near the lower falls on County street, and his land in- 
cluded the estate now owned by Mr. Warren Boynton, 
Mr. Samuel N. Baker and others. Few deeds of sale or 
inventories mention houses of any considerable value in 
these earlier years. 


Richard Seoh'eld sold a house and two acres of land to 
Robert Roberts, in 1643, lor £11, 17s. In li)4 ( J John 
West sold John Woodman, Cor £15, a house and an acre 
of land, and another hall' acre near the Meeting House. 
Robert Whitman sold John "Woodman a house near the 
Meeting House, for £7. In 1G52, Richard Scotield, 
leather dresser, sold Moses Pengry, yeoman, a house and 
land, lor £17, and Solomon Martin sold Thomas Lovell, 
currier, a house and lot near the present " Dodge's Corner," 
tor £10. Rarely in these opening years, the appraised 
value of an estate mounted to £100. In 1646, this was 
the valuation of John Shatswell's. It included a ''house, 
homestead, barn, cow house, orchard, yard, etc." Six 
oxen were appraised at £30, and live cows at £25, Os. 
The average price received from the actual sale of houses 
was less than £25. Mr. John Whittingham had a house 
on High street containing kitchen and parlor, and cham- 
bers over the kitchen and parlor, sumptuously furnished, 
as the inventory records in 1048, and valued with the barn, 
cow house and forty-four acres of land, at £100. 

The established value of a bullock seems to have been 
£6, and cows were appraised at about £5. A day's work 
of a team in drawing timber lor the watch house, in 1645, 
was reckoned at 8 shillings, and in 1646, the inventory of 
the estate of Joseph Morse reveals the market prices of 
various commodities. 

20 bushels of Indian corn were rated at £2, 10s. 
£- bushel of hemp seede, 2 

6 small cheeses, 2 

20 lbs. butter, ----- . 10 

These prices tix the purchasing power of money at that 
period and make it certain that houses, that were quoted 
at £25 and less, were very simple and primitive. 

Often, we may presume, they were log-houses. 


Governor Winthrop records that Mr. Oldham had ;i small 

house near the wear at Watertown, made all of clap- 
boards. In his diary, under date of 1646, be mentions a 
"dreadful tempest at N. E. with wind and rain, in which 
the lady Moodye her house at Salem, being but one story 
in height, and a flat roof with a brick chimney in the 
midst, had the roof taken off in two parts (with the top 
of the chimney) and carried six or seven rods oil'." 

Thatch was the common roof covering, and the chim- 
neys were built of wood, well covered or "daubed," as 
the phrase was, with clay. Governor Winthrop mentions 
that Mr. Sharp's house in Boston took tire, in 1630 "(the 
splinters being not clayed at the top) and taking the 
thatch, burnt it down." Governor Dudley's account of 
the tire speaks of this and Colborn's house " as good and 
well furnished as most in the plantation." 

Better houses began to be built at an early period. 
Winthrop records a violent S. S. E. storm on March 16", 
1638. "It overthrew some new strong houses, but the 
Lord miraculously preserved old weak cottages." 

Thomas Lechford, in his Note Book, preserves an inter- 
esting contract, made by John Davys, joiner, to build a 
house for William Rix, in 1640; it was to be "16 toot 
long and 14 feet wide, w'th a chamber tioare tinish't, sum- 
mer and joysts, a cellar tioare with joysts tinish't, the 
roofe and walls clapboarded on the out syde, the chimney 
framed without daubing, to be done with hewan timber." 
The price was to be £21. 

Houses of this dimension were common, as late as 
1665. In that year such inroads had been made upon the 
oaks and other valuable trees, that the Town of Ipswich 
ordered the Selectmen to issue a permit before a tree 
could be cut. The certiticates issued possess a curious 




Edmund Bridges was allowed timber "to make up his 
cellar," in 1667. In 1670, Joseph Goodhue received 
permit for a house 18 feet square, and Ephraim Fellows 
for a house 16 feet square. In 1671, Thomas Burnam's 
new house was 20 feet square, that of Obadiah Bridges 
18 feet square, and Deacon Goodhue built one 16 feet 
square. In 1657, Alexander Knight, a helpless pauper, 
was provided with a house at the Town's expense, and 
the vote provided that it should he 16 feet long, 12 
feet wide, 7 or 8 feet stud, with thatched roof, for which 
£6 was appropriated. 

People of quality erected comfortable houses, no doubt, 
at a very early period. In 1638, Deputy Governor 
Symonds purchased the Argilla farm now owned by the 
heirs of the late Thomas Brown, and straightway planned 
the house, which was erected at once on the site still to be 
traced, not far from the present farm house. Such interest 
attaches to the explicit directions he gave Mr. Winthrop 
in a letter which remains to us, that I cannot forbear 
transcribing his exact words. 

"I am indifferent whether it be 30 foote or 35 foote longe; 1C or 
18 foote broade. I would have wood chimnyes at each end, the 
frames of the chimnyes to be stronger than ordinary, to beare good 
heavy load of clay for security against lire. You may let the chim- 
nyes be all the breadth of the howse if you thinkegood; the 2 lower 
dores to be in the middle of the howse, one opposite to tin; other. 
Be sure that all the dore waies in every place be soe high that any 
man may goe vpright vnder. The staiers I think had best be placed 
close by the dore. It makes noe great matter though there be noe 
particiou upon the first fiore; if there be, make one biger then the 
other. For windowes let them not be over large in any rooms and as 
few as conveniently may be; let all have current shutting draw win- 
dows, haveing respect both to present & future vse. 1 think to 
make it a girt house will make it more chargeable then ueede ; how- 
ever, the side bearers for the second story being to be loaden with 
come etc. must not be pinned on, but rather eyther lett in to the 
studds or borne vp with false studds aud soetenented in at the ends. 
I leave it to you and the carpenters. In this story over the first, I 


would have a piirticion, whether in the middest or over the particion 

under, I leave it. 

In the garrett noe particion, but let there be one or two Income 
[Lutheran?] windows, if two, both on one side. 1 desire to have 
the sparrs reach downe pretty deep at the eves to preserve the walls 
the better from the wether. I would have it sellered all over and 
soe the frame of the howse accordingly from the bottom. I would 
have the howse stronge in timber, though plaine & well brased. I 
would have it covered with very good oake-hart inch board for the 
present, to be tacked on onely for the present, as you tould me. Let 
the frame begin from the bottom of the cellar & soe in the ordinary 
way vpright, for I can hereafter (to save the timber within grounde) 
run up a thin brick worke without. I think it best to have the walls 
without to be all clap boarded besides the clay Avails.'' 

This stoutly built two-storied house, with its enormous 
fireplaces, as wide as the rooms, and its projecting eaves, 
must have been both picturesque and comfortable, though 
the interior arrangement was very simple. A\ r e can 
hardly believe that houses of this size and style were 
common at this period, though Rev. Nathaniel Rogers's 
manse, facing the South Green, had two full stories, and 
so had Mr. Wliittingham's on High street. For the most 
part, these old Ipswich houses were small and rough in 
outward appearance, and the best and stateliest, innocent 
of paint, with small windows and diamond-shaped panes 
of glass, daubed with clay instead of plaster, were far 
removed from the most ancient style, with which we are 

Here is a contract for the building of a pretty comfort- 
able parsonage-house, in Beverly, rf for the use of the 
ministrie on Cap An Side," as the record says, and the 
date of it is the 23 : of March, 1656-1657. 

The psents witnesseth a bargain maid betweene John uorman of 
manchester the one partie : & Tho Lothrop & James patch the other 
ptyes for & in consideration of an house : that is to say. John 
norinan is to build an house for them : which is to be thirtie eyght 
foote longe : 17 : foote wide & a leuen foote studd, with three chlmnies 



towe below & one in the chamber he is also to Undo boards & chip- 
boards for the finishing the same with a single couering with a porch 
of eight foote square & Jotted oner one footc ech way to lap the 
floores booth below & a bone & one garret chamber : & to make doores 
and windows: foure below and fonre aboue & one in the stodie the 
said John is to make the stoaires & to drawe the clapboards & shoot 
their edges: & also to smooth the boards of one of the chamber 
flowres & he is to bring up the frame to the barre or the ferry alt. his 
owne charge. 

& the said John norman is to haue for his worke fourtie flue pounds! : 
to be paid in come & cattell the one halfe att or before the house be 
raised & the other halve the next wheate haruist. 

in witnesse heare of we haue sett clown our hands, 
witnesse John norman 

Tho : Lothropp. 


Within, these homes were for the most part very plain 
and simple. Governor Dudley's house in Cambridge 
was reputed to be over-elegant, so that Governor Win- 
throp wrote him : " He did not well to bestow such cost 
about wainscotting and adorning his house, in the begin- 
ing of a plantation, both in regard to the expense and 
the example. " But Dudley was able to reply, that "it 
was for the warmth of his house, and the charge was 
but little, being but clap-boards, nailed to the Avail in the 
form of wainscot. " The common finish of the rooms of 
houses of the better sort was a coating of clay, over the 
frame timbers and the bricks which tilled tho spaces be- 
tween the studs. The ceilings were frequently, if not 
universally, left unfinished, and the rough, unpaintcd 
beams and floor joists, and the flooring of the room 
above, blackened with the smoke and grimy with dust, 
were a sombre contrast to the white ceilings of the 
modern home. The living room of the ancient house of 
the Y\ nipples, probably the oldest in our town, was not 


lathed and plastered overhead until the boyhood of the 
present owner, yet the finely panelled wood-work of the 

side walls attests the excellence of the interior in its day. 
Paint and paper were unknown. Even whitewash was 
an invention of far Inter times. 

Nevertheless, I incline to believe that if we could turn 
back the wheels of time and enter an early Ipswich 
home, we should find that it was not only habitable, hut 
comfortable, and the furnishings much beyond our antic- 
ipation. For these yeomen and carpenters and weavers 
very likely had transported some of their furniture across 
the sea, and they reproduced here in the wilderness the 
living rooms of their old English homes. 

Happily our curiosity may be gratified in very large 
degree by the numerous inventories that remain, and we 
may in imagination undertake a tour of calls in the old 
town, and see for ourselves what those houses contained. 
There were but two rooms on the main floor, the "hall " 
anil the parlor, and entrance to them was made from 
the entry in the middle of the house. The "hall" of the 
old Puritan house, was the "kitchen" of a little later 
times. Indeed, these two words are used of the same 
apartment from the earliest record. It was the living 
room, the room where they cooked and ate and wrought 
and sat; in one home at least, that of Joseph Morse, a 
well-to-do settler, the room where his bed was set up, 
wherein he died in 1646. 

The chief object in this family room was ever the ti re- 
place, with its broad and generous hearth and chimney, 
ample enough to allow boys bent on mischief to drop a 
live calf from the roof, as they did one night, into poor 
old Mark Quilter's kitchen. As brick chimneys were not 
the rule at first, safety could be secured only by building 
their wooden chimneys, daubed with clay, abnormally 


large. No wonder the worthy folk who wrote those inven- 
tories invariably began with the fireplace and its appur- 
tenances. Piled high with logs, roaring and snapping, 
it sent forth most comfortable heat, and cast a warm 
glow over the plainest interior, and beautified the hum- 
blest home. fr Here is good living for those that love 
good tires," Pastor Higginson wrote. Hare walls, rough, 
unfinished ceilings, floors without carpets or rugs, all took 
on an humble grace ; privation and loneliness and home- 
sickness could be forgotten, in the rich glow of the even- 
ing firelight. 

Several pairs of andirons or cobirons were frequently 
used to support logs of different lengths. In one hall, at 
least, two pair of cobirons, and a third pair ornamented 
with brasses are mentioned. Within eas} r reach, were I lie 
bellows and tongs, the fire-pan for carrying hot coals, the 
"lire-fork" and "fire-iron, " for use about the hearth, we 

Over the lire hung the trammel or coltrell, as it is 
called in one inventory, pot hooks, from the wooden or 
iron bar within the chimney that was supplanted by the 
crane in later times, and pots and kettles of copper, brass 
or iron, and of sizes, various. Some of these kettles must 
have been of prodigious size. Matthew Whipple had 
three brass pots that weighed sixty-eight pounds, and a 
copper that weighed forty pounds. The rich John Whit- 
tingham's kitchen, in his High street home, boasted a 
copper that was worth £3 10s, and Mr. Nelson of Rowley 
had "a great copper" that was inventoried at £10 sterling. 
The family washing, soap-making, candle-dipping and 
daily cookery, no doubt, required them all. 

A. copper baking-pan, a great brass pan, spits for roasts, 
iron dripping pans to catch (he juices, gridirons and fry- 
ing-pans, an iron peele or shovel for the brick oven. <° 



trivet (a three-legged suppori for hot pans or pots, or 
irons), and the indispensable warming-pan, were common 

appendages of this central orb. 

Lesser articles — skimmers, skillets and ladles, chafing 
dishes and posnets, smoothing irons and box iron- that 
were heated from within, and sieves covered with hair- 
cloth or tiffany, were found as well. Upon the open 
shelves stood the rows of pewter plates or platters, and 
latten or brass ware, all bright and shining: in the fire 
light, and upon nails, 

" The porringers that in a row 
Hung high and made a glittering show." 

Trenchers and trays and platters of wood were still com- 
mon ; "juggs" and leather bottles found place. Pewter 
salts, pots, bottles, spoons, cups and flagons, candlesticks 
of pewter or iron, spoons of silver or " alchimie," an alloy 
of brass, were common. 

The dresser or cupboard or shelf bore the books that 
were found in almost every family : '' the groat Bible" and 
smaller Bibles, the Psalm book, some sad volumes of 
Doctor Preston's or Mr. Dike's or Doctor Pi field's theo- 
logical writings, the "physike book'' in one instance, and 
the silver bowl, or other cherished remnant of former 

For furniture, there were tables and frames on which 
boards were laid and removed, forms or long settees, 
stools and cushions, but only a chair or two, for chairs 
were luxuries then. 

Other clumsy things, that ought to have found place in 
barn or "lean to," arc mentioned so regularly in the list of 
hall or kitchen chattels, that we are compelled to think 
they were really there— the " chirne," and powdering tub, 
as they called the great tub used for salting meats, barrels 
and keelers, cowlcs for water-cairying and pails, Imcking 



s i 

tubs for washing and buckets, beere vessels and sundry 
articles of unknown use, "earthen salts," "cheese-breads," 
" beekor balke," and "hayles." 

Either those halls must have had extraordinary capacity 
for storage, or the occupants must have had scanl room 
in many a house. Queer, confused rooms they must have 
been at best, in their furnishings and the multitude of 
employments continually going on, as suggested by the 
implements, the spinning and weaving, the sewing and 
knitting, the washing and ironing, cooking and brewing, 
butter and cheese-making. Their garnishings, too, were 
quaint. Strings of dried apples and corn, fat hams 
swinging in the smoke of the chimney and, grim and 
stern, the ever present lire-arms, ready for use at a 
moment's warning. The briefest inventory includes these. 

Matthew Whipple's "hall," on the corner of Summer and 
County streets, must have been a veritable arsenal. Upon 
its walls hung three muskets, three pair bandoleers, three 
swords, and two rests, or crotched sticks, in which the 
long heavy musket barret was rested while aim was taken, 
a fowling piece, a"costlett," or armor for the breast, a pike 
and sword, a rapier, a halberd and bill. In John Knowl- 
ton's "hall," we should have found a musket, bandoleers, 
rest, knapsack, moulds and scourer. John Lee, the owner 
of the land still known as Lee's, or Leigh's meadow, on 
theArgilla road, had a sword and belt, pistols and holster, 
and Luke Heard owned a "pistolett." Head pieces and 
corselets were not uncommon. John YVinthrop's kitchen 
may have been a depot of supply, for it contained four- 
teen muskets, rests and bandoleers. 

The frequent mention of candlesticks suggests that 
candles were in common use in these first Ipswich homes, 
yet a more primitive method was common in the poorer 
families at least. 



Higginson tells us how the Salem houses were lighted, 
at the beginning of the settlement. "Although New 
England have no tallow to make candles of, ycl by the 
abundance of the fish thereof, il can afford oil for lamps. 
Yea, our pine trees that arc the most plentiful of all 
wood, doth allow ns plenty of candles, which are very 
useful in a house. And i\wy arc such candles as the In- 
dians commonly use, having no other, and they arc noth- 
ing else but the wood of the pine tree, cloven in two 
little slices, something thin, which arc; so full of the 
moysture of turpentine and pitch, that they burn as cleere 
as a torch." " Candlewood," is the name of a line farm 
district of our town to-day. It assures us that the Ips- 
wich planters knew the value of the fat pine strips. 
tf Old lamps," are sometimes mentioned, perhaps the open 
iron or tin cup with a wick lying over one side i'p(\ with 
fish oil, or lamps brought with their household goods. 

The frugality of the early living is frequently remarked 
on. Felt says, "For more than a century and a half, the 
most of them had pea and bean porridge, or broth, made 
of the liquor of boiled salt moat and pork, and mixed 
with meal, and sometimes hasty pudding and milk, both 
morning and evening." But those great spits (Matthew 
Whipple had four that weighed together twenty pounds), 
brass baking pans and dripping pans, kettles and pots, 
gridirons, frying pans and skillets, tell of more appetiz- 

ing fare. 

The cattle in the stalls and the abounding game in forest 
and sea, furnished the material for substantial and gener- 
ous living for the great majority, we will believe. Yet 
the best-spread table would have looked strange to us. 
Wooden plates, sometimes a square bit of wood, slightly 
hollowed or perfectly plain, and platters for the central 
dish, at best dishes and plates of bright pewter: no forks, 


for forks did not attain common use till the latter years 
of the century; no coffee or tea, but plenty of home- 
brewed beer and cider and stronger spirits for drinks, — 
these things seem rude in style and deficient in comfort. 

In the parlor, or rr the fine-room," surprises await us as 
well. Like the hall, it had its fireplace, and its goodly 
array of hearth furniture, but its furnishings were rarely 
elegant. The most conspicuous article, even in the homes 
of rich men, like Matthew Whipple and John Whitting- 
ham, was the best bed, of imposing size and stately ele- 
gance, with its curtains and valance, or half curtain, that 
hung from the cross pieces to the floor, and is still in use 
with ancient bedsteads, — fitted most luxuriously with a 
mat upon the cords, and with beds that awake our envy. 
Matthew Whipple's best feather bed, bolster and nine 
pillows weighed one hundred and six pounds, and were 
valued at £5-6-0. Mr. Whittingham's parlor bed and 
furnishings were worth £12-0-0, Thomas Barker's of 
Rowley, £13-0-0. What an amount of " solid comfort " 
is represented by an hundred weight of feathers with a 
warming pan, in those bleak Puritan winters ! 

The furnishings were ample. Mine host Lumpkin, 
one of the earliest inn-keepers, had 2 Hock beds and 2 
bolsters, in addition to the featherbed ; also live blankets, 
one rug and one coverlet. Strangely enough, a rug or 
carpet was a bed furnishing and not a floor covering and 
mention remains of a rug for the baby's cradle. 

In John Jackson's house, close by the present Metho- 
dist meeting-house, was "a half-headed bedstead,'' that 
rejoiced in " an old dornix coverlet, " and it had " a side 
bed for a child. " Lionel Chute, the schoolmaster, in 
his East street home, had an "old damakell coverlet. " 
Thomas Firman had " damicle curtaynes and vallens. " 
A trundle bed was common. Beside the bed were a table, 


tup: early homes of the pumtans. 

a " joyned table, " as it is called, made with turned legs, 
and "joyned stools, " few chairs, but plenty of cushions, 
and a "cushen stoole" occasionally. Whittingham'a 
parlor had eleven curtains, and its two windows were 
adorned with curtains and curtain rods, one of the tew 
instances mentioned of which I am at present aware. 

In the parlor, too, were the chests, the common strong 
boxes in which they brought their goods and the more 
elaborate ones for storage of bedding and table linen. 
One chest in Whipple's parlor was furnished with a glass 
and there were three simpler ones. These chests were 
highly prized by their owners, and they were important 
pieces of furniture when the closet and modern bureaus 
and chiffoniers had not yet found place. Lionel Chute 
mentions in his will, " all things in my chest, and white 
deep box with the locke and key." We read of great 
chests and small chests, long boarded chests, great 
boarded chests and John' Knowlton's "chest with a 
drawer:'' also of trunks and boxes. Robert Mussey 
bequeathed his daughter Mary in 1(54 2 his home, adjoin- 
ing that of John Dane the elder, "in the West street in 
the town, " also rr my best Bible, " " a great brass pan to 
be reserved for her until she conies of years, " and "the 
broad box with all her mother's wearing linen. " 

The" cubbered " as it was spelled, was common, and it 
bore a "cubbcrd clothe " c ' laced " or ff fringed. " 

In some of the finest houses there was a clock, valued 
at £1 in Matthew Whipple's, £2 in Thomas .Nelson's of 
Rowley. In Whipple's parlor, too, there was "a staniell 
bearing cloth ; " and a " baize bearing cloth. " This was 
used, it has been affirmed, for wrapping babies, when 
carried to baptism, and Puritan babies invariably went to 
church on the first Sunday afterbirth. On January 22, 
1694, Judge Sewall records— "A very extraordinary 


storm by reason of the falling and driving of the snow. 
Few women could get to meeting. A child named Alex- 
ander was baptized in the afternoon. " I fancy that many 
wee new-born children wore taken to tin; Elder's hos- 
pitable fireside, before and after the baptism in the Ley 
cold meeting house, and those bearing cloths may have 
been a kind of public property, and often seen in the 
first honse of worship, for A\ r hipple died the year the 
old house was sold, 1 046. 

The family still for extracting the fragrant oil from 
rose leaves and the medicinal virtues from roots and 
herbs found place in the stately Yvnittinghain parlor: and 
in Giles Badger's of Newbury there were a "a glass bowl, 
beaker and jugg, " the only suggestion of toilet conven- 
ience which I remember. A ease of glass bottles now 
and then is mentioned. 

But of pictures for the wall and carpets for the floor, 
and the ornaments now deemed essential for parlor 
adornings, there were few. The finest Puritan parlor of 
these early days was only a primitive best bed-room. In- 
deed, it was not always a spare room. Joseph Morse, 
whose will was probated in 1646, bequeathed his son 
John "the bed and all y e bedding he lyeth on, standing 
in the parlor. " 

Above stairs the sleeping apartments of the family 
were found. For the most part, they were cold and 
cheerless, mere lofts, as the houses were of one story. 
In one house at least, in Rowley, the floor boards were 
laid so loosely that a person above could look down 
through the cracks and see whatever was occurring below, 
as a witness testilied before the court. If such wide 
spacing was common the heat from the hall lire would 
have made the "chamber over the kitchen " the coveted 
room . 



But Mr. Whittinghain's house had a set of tire irons in 
the chamber over the parlor, and this excess of dignity 
betokens not only more of comfort than fell to the com- 
mon lot, but a larger house, with two full .stories, as the 
fittings of the room indicate as well, — an interesting item 
architecturally, since Mr. Whittingham died in 1648. 

The contents of that chamber are so interesting that 
they deserve a full record as showing how much of luxury 
even was found in the better class of Ipswich houses of 
this early period. 

' A bedstead, two f ether beds, curtains, fugg, etc." 
"One f ether bed, one boulster, two quilts, two 

pair blankets, one coverlet, and trundlebed," 
Four trunks, one chest, one box, two chairs, four 

stools, two small trunks," 
;< 9 pieces of plate, 11 spoons 
'10 pr. sheets, £S ten others £1 
"3 pr. pillow beers 8* 

"3 " " " 5 s 

"Four table cloths 
"1 doz. diaper, 2 doz. flaxen napkins 
"2 doz. of napkins 
"the hangings in the chamber," 
"3 hoi laud cupboard cloths" 
2 half sheetes 

1 diaper and damask cupboard cloth 
one scree ue 

2 pair cob-irons, 1 pr. tongs 
one carpett 

"one pair curtains and vallance 
"one blew coverlet," 

£13- 0-0 

G- 0-0 

3- 5-0 
25- 0-0 
12- 0-0 

1- 4-0 





2- 4-0 

1- o-o 




5- 0-0 

1- 0-0 


This was a regal room for the times, with its carpet 
and screen, its hangings upon the walls, its rich store of 
family silver, and its sumptuous beds and bed linen. 
Think of twenty pairs of sheets, all spun and woven by 
hand, and a single bedstead with its belongings, worth 13 
pounds sterling, more than twice the whole value of some 


of the dwellings of that clay! lml Shakespeare*** will 
specified the "second best bed " for his wife's portion — 
and extraordinary value commonly attached to these high 
posted, canopied, curtained structures. Yet this room had 
no looking glass nor toilet articles, nor bureau nor case 
of drawers. 

In the other chamber we find a variety of miscella- 
neous articles besides the beds and bedding, a saddle, rolls 
of canvas of different value, 10 yds. of French serge, 
() yds. of carpeting, remnants of holland and a valuable 
assortment of wearing apparel, worth £22, unfortunately 
for our information, with no mention of garments in 

In Matthew Whipple's chamber, there were 7 children's 
blankets, and a pillion cloth and foot stool. At Joseph 
Morse's, the chamber was a store room, where were de- 
posited, as we have mentioned : 

20 bushels Indian corn 


half bushel hemp seede 

small cheeses 

20 pounds butter 

•'hemp drest and undrest." 






One other fine interior must be noted — that of 
Nathaniel Rogers — pastor of the church from June, I(j3(>, 
to 1655, whose residence stood very near the old Baker 
house, so called, fronting on the South Green, and whose 
house lot reached down to the River, and was bounded by 
Mr. Saltonstall's property on the S. W. and Isaac Com- 
ing's on the N. E. 

Mr. Rogers died in 1G55 leaving an estate, real and 
personal, valued at £1497, a princely fortune in those 
days. His hall contained a small cistern, with other im- 
plements, valued at 17s. (this was an urn, probably of 


pewter, for holding water and wine, and the "other im- 
plements" were wine-glasses perhaps), two Spanish 

platters, of earthen or china ware, very rare at tint 
time, a chest and hanging cupboard, a round table with 

live joined stools, six chairs and five cushions, Evidently 
this was a dining room, for the kitchen was a separate 
room, with an elaborate set of pewter dishes, llagonsand 
the like that weighed a hundred and fifty pounds, and the 
usual paraphernalia of cooking utensils including a 
" jacke " for turning the spit. 

The parlor contained some rare articles, a. great chair, 
two pictures, a, livery cupboard, a clock and other imple- 
ments worth three pounds, window curtains and rods, and 
the one solitary musical instrument in all the town, so far 
as early inventories show, "a treble violl," by which is 
meant, it may be supposed, a violin. Yet this elegant 
room had a canopy bed and down pillows. 

The chamber furnishings were exceptionally line. Its 
bed and bedding were valued at £11-10-0. A single 
" perpetuanny coverlet " was appraised at £1-05-0. There 
was a gilt looking glass, a "childing wicker basket" for 
the babies' toilet, perhaps, a table basket, and a sumptu- 
ous store of linen. A single suit of diaper table linen 
was reckoned at £4, two pair of hoi land sheets at £.')- 
10s., five line pillow-beeres or cases, £l— 15s., and goods 
brought from Old England worth over twenty pounds. 

In the chamber over the hall were a yellow rug, a 
couch, silver plate worth £o5-18s., and the only watch 1 
have ever found mentioned, valued at £4, in addition to 
the common furniture. 

The study gloried in a library worth £100-0-0, an ex- 
traordinary collection of books, revealing scholarly tastes 
as well as a plethoric purse, a cabinet, a desk and two 
chairs, and a pair of creepers or little tire irons. 



In contrast with the comfort and luxury of these tine 
homes, "the short and simple annals of the poor " would 
he of deep interest. Unfortunately for us, as well as 
for the humble folk themselves, who dwelt in houses 
sixteen and eighteen feet square, their belongings wen; 
so few and cheap that an inventory seemed superfluous, 
and we are left largely to our own surmising as to how 
they lived. One glimpse into the humbler sort of home 
is permitted us in the inventory of William Averill. His 
will was entered in 1652. He gives to each of his seven 
children the sum of live shillings, "for my outward estate 
being but small. " In his inventory his house and lot were 
appraised at £10, and the furnishings enumerated arc : 

1 iron pott, 1 brass pott, 1 frying pan, 4 pewter platters 

1 flagon, 1 iron kettle, 1 brass kettle, 1 copper, 1 brass 
pan, and some other small things, 

2 chests, 1 fether bed, 1 other bed, 2 pair of sheets, 2 

bolsters, 3 pillows, 2 blankets, 1 coverlid, 1 bedstead, 

and other small linen, 
2 coats and wearing apparel 
a warming pan 
a tub, 2 pails, a few books 
a corslett 



3- 0-0 



1- 0-0 

The total of house, land, cattle and goods being £50. 

He was not desperately poor then, but his circum- 
stances were somewhat narrow. His family numbered 
nine souls, yet they had but one bedstead, and beds and 
bedding only adequate for this, and four pewter platters 
for the daily meals. How these nine Averills ate and 
slept would be an entertaining story, and a reproof to 
much discontent. 

In Collin's History of Newbury 1 tind the following, 
under the date 1G57 : " Steven Dow did acknowledge to 
him it was a £ood while before he could eate his masters 
food viz. meate and milk, or drinke beer, saying he did 



not know it was good, because he was not used to eat 
such victuall, but locale bread and water porridge, and to 

drink water." No doubt many a family of the poorer 
sort lived as frugally as he. 

The house of John Winthrop, jun., who led the lit- 
tle band of settlers to our town in L633, is the most 
interesting of the earliest homes. "An [nventorie of 
Mr. Winthropps goods of Ips w itch, " made by William 
Clerk, about the year 1636, while Mr. Winthrop was in 
England, has recently come into the posses-ion of ihe 
Historical Society. Thanks to the carefulness of the 
ancient recorder, we know the contents of every room, 
and we find far less of luxury than Mr. Rogers enjoyed. 
Indeed, the humblest of his fellow-citizens might have 
felt at home in the unpretentious domicile of the excellent 
young leader. The inventory was made at so early a 
date, moreover, that it gives us certain knowledge of the 
rooms and their furnishings of one of the original houses, 
it is safe to presume. 

Imp"; In the Chain' ov r the Parlor 1 feath r bed 1 bauckett 
1 eov r lett 1 blew rugg 1 boster & 2 pillowes. 
trunck marked win R. W. F. wherein is 
1 mantle of silk wth gld lace 
1 holland tablecloth some 3 yards loung 
1 pr. SSS holl [twilled holland?] sheets 
1 pillo bear half full of childs linning, etc. 
5 childs blanketts whereof one is bare million 
1 cushion for a child of chamlett 

1 cours table cloth 3 yards long 
G cros cloths and 2 gnives? 

9 childs bedds 2 duble clouts 1 p r holl sleeves 
4 apons whereof 1 is laced 

2 smocks 2 pr sheets 1 napkin 

1 whit square chest wherein is 
1 doz. dyp. [diaper?] napkins 1 damsk napkin 

1 doz. holl napkins 

2 doz. & 2 napkins 


k ) r , 

2 cubcrd cloths 
11 pillow bcares 
11 SSS napkins 
2 table cloths 

4 towills 

1 SSS holl shirt 

2 dyp towills 

3 dyp table cloths 

1 p r SSS holl sheets 

1 long great chest where in is 
1 black gowne tam'y 
1 gowne sea green e 

1 child s baskett 

2 old petticotts 1 red 1 sand coll r serg 
1 pr leath r stoekins 1 muff 

1 window cushion 

5 quishion cases 1 small pillowe 
1 peece stript linsy woolsy 

1 pr boddyes 

1 tapstry cov r lett 

1 peece lininge stuli' for cnrtins 

1 red bayes cloake for a woman 

1 pr of sheets 

Id the Cham 1 ' ov'the kychin 

1 feath r bed 1 boster 1 pillowe 2 blanketts 

2 ruggs bl. & w* 

2 fioq bedds 5 ruggs 2 bolsters 1 pillowe 
1 broken warming pan 

In the Garrett Cham 1 ' ov l the Storehouse 
many small things glasses, potts etc. 

In the Parlor 

1 bedsted 1 trundle bedsted w Ul curtains & vallences 
1 table & G stooles 

1 muskett, 1 small fowleing peece w Ih rest and bandoleer 
rf 1 trunk of pewter 

# 1 cabbinett, wherin the servants say is 

rungs [rings?] iewills 13 sil r spoones this I cannot open 

# 1 cabbinett of Surgerie 

In the kyttchin 

1 brass baking pan 
5 milk pans 



1 small pestle & morter 

1 Steele mill 

14 muskets, rests & bandoleers 

2 iron kettles 2 copp r 1 brasse kettle 

1 iron pott 

2 bl jacks 

2 skillitts whereof one is brasse 

4 porringors 

1 spitt 1 grat r 

1 p r racks 1 p r anclirnes 1 old iron rack 

1 iron pole 1 grediron 1 p r tongs 

2 brass ladles 1 pT bellowes 
2 stills w th bottums 

In M r Wards hands 

1 silv r cnpp C spoones 1 salt of silver 

In the ware howse 

2 great chests naled upp 

1 chest 1 trunk w ch I had ord 1 ' not to open 

1 chest of tooles 

# G covves G steeres 2 heift'ers 

it dyv r8 peeces of iron and Steele 

Mr. Winthrop's wife and infant daughter had died not 
long before, and a pathetic interest attaches to the con- 
tents of the chests. The trundle bed in the parlor would 
indicate that this had been the family sleeping- room. 
Evidently there were but four rooms and the house we 
can easily imagine was small and unassuming. 


A demure Puritan simplicity, we may think, character- 
ized the dress of our forefathers. Life in the wilderness 
may seem to harmonize only with coarse and cheap attire, 
for an age of homespun logically admitted of no finery. 
Such preconceptions are wide of the truth. Puritan 
principle required a protest against current fashion as 

against religious and soch 

al usages ; but the elegance and 



cxpcnsivencss of both male and female dress in Old Eng- 
land had been so great that a goodly degree of reaction 
and repression could find place and yet leave no small 
remnant of goodly and gay attire. Not a few of those 
men and women of old Ipswich came from homes of 
luxury, — Dudley and Bradstreet from the castle home of 
the Earl of Lincoln ; Saltonstall from contact with the 
nobility in his knightly father's house; Winthrop and 
Whittingham from fine family connections. Many fail- 
English costumes found place in their chests and strong 
boxes that came over the seas, and the plain houses and 
plainer meeting-house were radiant, on Sabbath days and 
high days, with bright colors and fine fabrics. 

The common dress of men was far more showy than 
the fashion of to-day. A loose fitting coat, called a doub- 
let, reached a little below the hips. Beneath this, a long, 
full waistcoat was worn. Baggy trousers were met just 
below the knee by long stockings, which were held in 
place by garters, tied with a bow-knot at the side. 
About the neck, a M falling band" found place, a broad, 
white collar, that appears in all pictures of the time ; and 
a hat with conical crown and broad brim completed the 
best attire. A great cloak or heavy long coat secured 
warmth in winter. Their garments were of various 
material and color. Unfortunately, wearing apparel is 
usually mentioned in the bulk in inventories ; but occa- 
sional specifications afford us an idea of the best raiment. 

Mention is made of "a large blew cote" and "a large 
white coat;" of a tine "purple cloth sute, doublett and 
hose" belonging to John Gofle or Goss of Newbury, who 
also had a short coat, a pair of lead-colored breeches, a 
o-reen doublett, a cloth doublett, a leather doublett, also 
leather and woolen stockings, two hats and a cloth cap. 
The men generally had their rough suits of leather and 


homespun for the farm work, and the delicate clothing for 
special occasions. So we find musk-colored broadcloth 
and damson-colored cloth, cloth grass-green, bine vvaist- 

coats and green waistcoats, cloth hose, and hose of 
leather and woolen stuff, hoots and shoos, black huts, 
home-made caps, gloves, silver buttons, of which John 
Cross owned three dozen and one, and sometimes a gown. 

Of the ladies' wardrobe, I am loth to speak. Certain 
popular pictures of Priscilla at her spinning, and sweet 
Puritan maidens watching the departure of the Mayflower, 
have pleased our fancy, and forthwith we clothe the 
women of the days of old in quaker-1 ike caps and dresses, 
graceful in their simplicity, — nun-like garbs, over which 
Dame Fashion had no tyranny. But the truth must be 

Widow Jane Kenning, who lived near the corner of 
Loney's Lane, had for her best array, " a cloth gowne, " 
worth £2 5s., "a serge gown " valued at £2, "a red petti- 
coat with two laces, " appraised at a pound sterling, and 
lesser ones of serge and paragon, a cloth waistcoat and a 
linsey woolsey apron. That "cloth waistcoat" was no 
mean affair, I judge. The lawyer, Thomas Lechford of 
Boston, who indulged in a silver-laced coat and a gold- 
wrought cap for himself, records: "Received of Mr. 
Geo. Story, four yards and half a quarter of tuft holland 
to make my wife a wastcoate at 2s. Sd. a yard." Widow 
Kenning's was worth 8s. Lechford jilso enters under 
date 1640, Feb. 1: "I pay'd John Ilurd [a tailor in 
Boston], delivered to his wife by Sara our niayd, for 
making my wife's gown, 8s." ''Tailor made" dresses 
are not a modern invention, then, and if Boston dames 
were patrons of tailors, the ladies of aristocratic Ipswich 
were not a whit behind. 

For common wear, blue linen, lockram or coarse linen. 



linsey-woolsey, mohair, a mixture of linen and wool, and 
hollund were the common materials. 

Dame Eliz. Lowle of Newbury had her riding suit and 
muff, silver bodkins and gold rings. Some interesting let- 
ters to Madame Rebekah Symonds, widow of the Deputy 
Governor, from her son by a former marriage in London, 
in the Antiquarian papers, reveal these wardrobe secrets. 
He wrote in 1664 of sending his mother a "flower satin 
mantle lined with sarsnet, £1 10s., a silver clasp for it 
2s. 6d., cinnamon taffity 15s., two Cambrick whisks with 
two pare of cuffs £1 " also, in the same ship, " a light blew 
blanket, 200 pins, 1 1 yards chainlet, also Dod on the Com- 
mandments (bound in green plush), also a pair of wed- 
ding gloves, and my grandmother's funeral ring." hi 
1673, he sent "one ell \ of fine bag Holland, 2 yds. \ of 
lute-string, a Lawn whiske, wool cards one paire, a Heath 
Brush, 2 Ivorio Combo, ye bord box rest. " 

In her sixtieth year Madam Symonds, keenly alive to the 
demands of fashion, had written her son for a fashionable 
Lawn whiske ; but he, anxious to gratify her, yet desirous 
aa well that his mother should be dressed in strict accord 
with London fashion, replied that the " fashionable Lawn 
whiske is not now worn, either by Gentil or simple, 
voung or old. Instead whereof I have bought a shape 
and ruflles, which is now the ware of the gravest as well 
as the young ones. Such as goe not with naked necks 
ware a black wiile over it. Therefore I have not only 
Bought a plaine one yt you sent for, but also a Lustre 
one, such as arc most in Fashion." 

She had sent for damson-colored Spanish leather for 
women's shoes. This, he informed her was wholly out of 
style and use, and "as to the feathered fan, I should also 
have found in my heart, to have let it alone, because none 
but very grave persons (and of them very few) use it. 



That now 'tis grown almost as obsolete as Russets, and 
more rare to be seen than a yellow hood/' 

Nevertheless, to please the exacting leader of the 
Ipswich toil, he went, with ten yards of silk, and two 
yards 01 Lustre "a feather fan and silver handle, two 
tortois fans, 200 needles, 5 yds. sky calico, silver gimp, 
black sarindin cloak, damson leather skin, two women's 
Ivorie knives, etc." 

Madame Symonds was no more addicted to the utter- 
most extreme of fashion than were the women of the first 
years of the settlement and the men themselves, we must 
confess. It is one of the anomalies of history that the 
most religious of all people, as we have come to think 
them, the Sabbath-keeping, church-going Puritans, should 
have been so far in thraldom to the world, the flesh and 
the devil, that they were guilty of frivolous excess in 
aping the fashions of the mother-land. But so it was. 

In 1634, the love of line clothes was so notorious, that 
the General Court felt constrained to lament "the greate 
sup fluous, and unnecessary expences occaconed ley 
reason of some new r e and i modest fashions, as also the 
ordinary wearing of silver, gokle and silk laces, girdles, 
hat-bands, etc." and ordered forthwith that no person, 
either man or woman, "shall hereafter make or buy an 
appell either woolen, silke or lynnen, with any lace in it, 
silver, golde, silke or threade," under penalty of forfei- 
ture of such clothes — "also noe qpson, either manor 
woman, shall make or buy any slashed cloathes, other 
than one slash in each sleeve and another in the backes ; 
also all cut-works, imbroidercd or needle worke, eappes, 
bands and raylcs, arc forbidden hereafter to be made or 
worn, under the aforesaid penalty." Apparel already 
in use might be worn out, but the immoderate great 
sleeves, slashed apparel, immoderate great "rayle^," long 


wings, etc., were to be curtailed and remodelled more 
modestly at once. 

In 1639, when our town had been gathering strength 
live years, the fiat again went forth against "women's 
sleeves more than half an ell wide in the widest place, im- 
moderate great breches, knots of ryban, broad shoulder 
bands, and rayles, silk roses, double ruffes and cufles, 
etc. " Sleeves were a target for Shakespeare's wit. 

"What, this a sleeve? 

There's snip, and nip, and cut and slish and slash, 
Like to a censor in a barber's shop." 

No doubt the women of Ipswich needed admonition 
in these particulars, and some of the men most likely 
walked abroad with their doublet sleeves slashed to dis- 
play the fine linen shirt sleeves beneath, with too large 
trousers and knots of ribbon in their shoes, or wearing 
boots with flaring tops, nearly as large as the brim of a 
hat, very conspicuous, if made of "white russet" leather, 
as Edward Skinner's in 1641. Perchance they dared to 
wear their hair below the ears, and falling upon the neck. 
The English Roundhead with short, cropped hair, in 
obedience to Paul's injunction, was the ideal of the sterner 
Puritans of our Colony, but there was from the beginning 
a persistent determination by some of the more frivolous 
sort, to wear long hair. Higgiuson jocosely discovered 
the origin of the fashion in the long lock worn by Indian 
braves. The General Court set its face as a flint against 
this in 1G34. It was a burning theme of pulpit address, 
and the clergy prescribed that the hair should by no 
means lio over the band or doublet collar, but might 
grow a little below the ear in winter for warmth. 

Nath. Ward, in his Simple Cobbler, dispensed wisdom : 
"If it be thought no wisdome in men to distinguish them- 
selves in the field bv the Scissers, let it be thought no 



injustice in God not to distinguish them by the sword," and 
" I am sure men use not to wear such manes." It was 
derisively suggested that long nails like Nebuchadnezzar's 
would be next in Fashion. 

Rev. Ezekiel Rogers of Rowley was so bitter in Ins 
detestation of the habit that he cut off his nephew from 
his inheritance because of his persistence; and in his 
Election sermon before the General Court, he assailed 
long hair with fiery zeal. 

So enormous was the offence that on May 10, 1649, 
Governor Endicott, Deputy Governor Dudley and seven 
of the Assistants thus declared themselves : " Forasmuch 
as the wearing of long hair after the manner of ruffians 
and barbarous Indians has begun to invade New England, 
contrary to the ride of God's word, which says it is a 
shame for a man to wear long hair, etc., We, the magis- 
trates, who have subscribed this paper, (for the shewing 
of our own innocency in this behalf) do declare and man- 
ifest our dislike and detestation against the wearing of 
such long hair, as against a thing uncivil and unmanly, 
whereby men doe deforme themselves, and offend sober 
and modest men, and doe corrupt good manners. We 
doe, therefore, earnestly entreat all the elders of this 
jurisdiction (as often as they shall see cause to manifest 
their zeal against it in their public administration) to take 
care that the members of their respective churches be not 
defiled therewith; that so such as shall prove obstinate 
and will not reforme themselves, may have God and man 
to witness against them. " 

Some gay-plumed ladies of his Ipswich church may 
have been in his mind, when grim Mr. Ward discharged 
himself of his ill-humor against the sex, affirming " When 
I heare a nugiperous Gentle-dame inquire what dress 
the Queen is in this week, what the nudius tertian of 


the Court, I look at her as the very gizzard of a trifle, 
the product of a quarter of a cypher, the Epitome of 
nothing, fitter to be kickt, if she were of a kickable sub- 
stance, than either honored or humored." 

"To speak moderately, I truly confess it is beyond the 
ken of my understanding to conceive, how those women 
should have any true grace or valuable vertue, that have 
so little wit as to disfigure themselves with such exotick 
garbs, as not only dismantles their native lovely lustre, 
but transclouts them into gant bar-geese, ill-shapen, 
shotten shell-fish, Egyptian hieroglyphics, or at the best 
into French Hurts of the pastry, which a proper English 
woman should scorn with her heels. It is no marvel they 
wear drailes on the hinder part of their heads, having 
nothing as it seems in the fore-part but a few Squirrel 
brains to help them frisk from one ill-favor'd fortune to 

His indignation against tailors for lending their art to 
clothe women in French fashions was intense : " It is a 
more common than convenient saying that nine Taylors 
make a man ; it were well if nineteene could make a 
woman to her minde ; if Taylors were men indeed, well 
furnished but with meer moral 1 principles, they would 
disdain to be led about like apes, by such mimick Mar- 
mosets. It is a most unworthy thing for men that have 
bones in them to spend their lives in making lidle-cases 
for futilous women's phansies ; which are the very petti- 
toes of infermity, the gyblets of pcrquisquilian toyes." 

Ridicule, precept and statute law were alike powerless to 
check this over-elegance. Again in LG51, the General 
Court repeated its "greife . . . that iiitollernlilu excossu 
and bravery hath crept in upon us, and especially amongst 
people of meane condition, to the dishonor of God, the 
scandall of its professors, the consumption of estates, and 



altogether unsutcable to our povertie." Hence it pro- 
ceeded to declare its "utter detestation and dislike thai 
men or women of mean condition, educations and callings 
should take upon them the garb of gentlemen by the 
wearing of gold and silver lace, or buttons, or poynts at 
their knees, to walke in greatc bootes, or women of the 
same ranke to wear silke or tiffany hoodes or scarfes, 
which though allowable to persons of greater estate or 
more liberal education, yet we cannot but judge in toller- 
able in person of such like condition." 

So, at last, it was ordered that no person whose visible 
estate did not execed £200 should wear such buttons or 
gold or silver laee, or any hone lace above 2s. per yard 
or silk hoods or scarfs, upon penalty of 10s. lor each 
offence. Magistrates and their families, military officers, 
soldiers in time of service, or any whose education or em- 
ployments were above the ordinary were excepted from 
the operation of this law. 

The judicial powers were in grim earnest, and at the 
March term of the Quarter Sessions Court, in Ipswich, 
some of her gentle folk felt the power of the law. 

Ruth Haffield, daughter of the widow whose farm was 
near the bridge, still called f ' Hatfield's," was " presented '' 
as the legal phrase is, for excess in apparel, but upon the 
affidavit of Richard Coy, that her mother was worth £200 
she was discharged. George Palmer was fined 10s. and 
fees for wearing silver lace. Samuel Brockiebank, 
taxed with the same offence, was discharged. The wife 
of John Hutchings was called to account shortly after for 
wearing a silk hood, but she proved that she had been 
brought up above the ordinary rank and was discharged. 
John Whipple made it evident that he was worth the 
requisite £200 and his good wife escaped. Anthony 
Potter, Richard Brabrook, Thomas Harris, Thomas Maybe 


and Edward Brown were all called upon to justify 
their wives' finery. 

In 1659 the daughter of Humphrey Griffin presumed to 
indulge in a silk scarf, and her father was lined 10s. and 
court fees. John Kimball was able to prove his pecu- 
niary ability and his wife wore her silk scarf henceforth 
unquestioned. As late as 1675, Arthur Abbott, who is 
mentioned as the bearer of line dress goods from Madame 
Symonds' son in London, and who very naturally may 
have brought his good wife some finery from the London 
stores, was obliged to pay his 10s. for his wife's public 
wearing of a silk hood. Benedict Pulcipher for his wife, 
Haniell Bosworth for his two daughters, John Kindriek, 
Thomas Knowlton and Obadiah Bridges for their wives' 
over dress, were called to account before judge and jury. 

The middle of the century found one of the most 
whimsical and extraordinary fashions in vo<nie in En"- 
land, and New England was infected as well, we presume. 
Ladies decorated their faces with court-plaster, cut in 
fantastic shapes. Bulwer, in his "Artificial Changeling," 
published in 1650, in England, speaking of these patches 
says " some fill their visage full of them," and he de- 
scribes the shapes one fine lady delighted to wear : " a 
coach with a coachman and two horses with postilions on 
her forehead, a crescent under each eye, a star on one 
side of her mouth, a plain circular patch on her chin." 

In "Wit Restored," a poem printed in 1G58 : 

"Her patches are of every cut 
For pimples and for scars ; 
Here's all the wandering planets' si^ns 
And some of the fixed stars, 
Already gummed to make them .stick. 
They need no other sky." 

As the century waned, the offence of wearing long hair 
paled into insignificance beside the unspeakable sin of 


wearing wigs. Happily, or unhappily, as the point of 

view varies, the ministers could not agree in this. The 
portrait of Rev. John Wilson, of Boston, who died in 
1667, presents him wearing a full wig, and many of the 
clergy were addicted to the same head-gear; hut pnhlic 
sentiment was strong against the fashion, and the General 
Court in 1675, condemned "the practise of men's wearing 
their own or other's hair made into periwigs." Judge 
Sewall alludes to the haled custom with spiteful brevity 
in his Diary. 

"1G85— Sept. 15. Three admitted to the church. Two wore peri- 

1G97— Mr. Noyes of Salem wrote a treatise on periwigs. 

1708— Aug. 20. Mr. Cheever died. The welfare of the province 
■was much upon his heart. He abominated periwigs." 

The Judge felt such extreme virulence toward these 
"Horrid Bushes of Vanity," that he would not sit under 
the ministrations of his own pastor, who had cut oil' his 
hair and donned a wig, but worshipped elsewhere. 

In our neighbor town of Newbury, the clerical wig 
was so much an affront that, in 1752, Richard Bartlett was 
taken to task for refusing to commune with the church 
because the pastor wore a wig, and because the church 
justified him in it, and also for that "he sticks not from 
time to time to assert with the greatest assurance that all 
who wear wigs, unless they repent of that particular sin 
before they die, will certainly be dammed, which we .judge 
to be apiece of uncharitable and sinful rashness." 

But the battle Avas already lost. In 1722, here in 
Ipswich, just about on the site of the Seminary building, 
Patrick Farrin, chirurgeon, boldly hung out his sign, 
"periwig-maker" and the gentlemen of Ipswich could 
have their wigs and keep them curled, powdered and 
frizzled as fashion required. 

Women, too, were given to marvellous coiffures. 


Cotton Mather apostrophized the erring sex in 1G83 — 
"Will not the haughty daughters of Zion refrain their 
pride in apparel? Will they lay out their hair, and wear 

their false loeks, their borders and towers like eoinets 
about their heads?" They were called "apes of Fancy, 
friziling andcurlying of their hayr." They had fallen far 
away from the Puritan " bangs " to which Higginson al- 
ludes in his comment on the Indians. " Their hair is gen- 
erally black and cut before like our gentlewomen." Then, 
their hair was built aloft and extended out " like butterfly 
wings over the ears." "False locks were set on wyers to 
make them stand at a distance from the head." 

A bill is mentioned by Felt, as contracted in this town 
in 1697 " for wire and catgut in making up attire for the 

But legal restriction of dress was at an end. The 
whim of the wearer, and the state of the purse, henceforth 
determined the fashion of head dresa and raiment. 



It is a partial recompense for the sleepy, unprogressive 
life that has prevailed in old Ipswich for a century or 
more that a large number of substantial mansions of the 
colonial type have been preserved in their pristine sim- 
plicity. They have escaped the smart remodelling inci- 
dent to vigorous prosperity, which often despoils such of 
their old chimneys, and improves them, as the phrase is, 
with porticoes, piazzas, bay-windows and modern cover- 
ings for the roof, until only a memory of the original 
house remains. Nearly every one of our ancient mansions 
retains its severe Puritan plainness of architecture, the 
great chimney stack, jutting-over stories, small windows 
and modest front door. The only change they have suf- 
fered is the ancient one which was in vogue more than 
two centuries ago, when new rooms were built on the 
back side, and new rafters were run towards the ridge-pole, 
giving the familiar " lean-to " roof. 

Many of these houses are of venerable age, beyond a 
doubt, but not so old by many years, I am convinced, as 
popular belief assigns them. It pleases our local pride to 
call them relics of the earliest times. It gratifies their 
owners or occupants to see them gazed at with wide-eyed 
wonder by the stranger to whom the story of their great 
age is told. The visiting artist or lover of antiquarian 

(39) . 


lore is enraptured with their appearance and the traditions 
that cluster about them, and straightway publishes abroad 
the quaint charm of these old landmarks. When our 
250th anniversary was celebrated, certain old dwellings 
were placarded to the efFect that they were built in 1035, 
or thereabouts. Statements of this nature are still being 
made at frequent intervals. 

In the interest of historic truth alone, I am compelled 
to call attention to the facility with which error can he 
made in this field, the importance of recognizing certain 
cardinal principles of accurate historical research, and the 
pressing need of an unbiassed application of these princi- 
ples to the antiquities of our town, before the errors al- 
ready made are hopelessly crystallized. 

A strong presumption against the veracity of any 
reputed date, before the middle of the seventeenth century 
at the least, is found in the known facts relating to the 
architecture of our earliest times. 

The builders of this town found it a wilderness, hardly 
broken by the few squatter settlers who had dwell here 
prior to their coming. They built as any pioneer builds 
to-day, I imagine — as the Plymouth Pilgrims did — sim- 
ple homes of logs, or hand-hewed timber, with thatch- 
roof and w T ooden chimney, well covered with clay to save 
it from burning. They had no time for elaborate house- 
building, for land had to be cleared, crops sown and 
tended, and provision made for their support through the 
coming winter. They had no material for nice carpentry. 
Permission to build the first saw-mill, of which any record 
remains, was not granted until K34D. Every joist and 
board was sawed b}' hand in saw pits, or smoothed with 
the broad-axe. Every nail, hinge and lock was hammered 
out by the blacksmith. 

Adequate evidence of reputed age must of necessity be 



Tradition is whimsical and fantastic. It chains poor 
Harry Main on Ipswich bar, and locates a ghost in bis 
house, recently demolished, which was vanquished by the 
united efforts of the three ministers then resident here, 

and effectually cast out. It frightens old Nick out of the 
meeting house when Whitefield preaches and shows bis 
footprint in the ledge. 

Tradition is ludicrously unhistoric. It links the ro- 
mance of the regicides with a house, that was not built 
until long years after the last of the famous three had been 
buried in his secret grave. Tradition is no more reliable 
than the common gossip of the town. It has a grain of 
truth to-day. To-morrow it will be wholly false. A month 
hence, its falsehood will be curious and wondrous. 

A sober and reliable man recently affirmed that, in his 
boyhood, the farm house recently purchased by Mr. Camp- 
bell of Mr. Asa Wade was moved from a neighboring 
corner to its present location ; but Mrs. Julia VVillett, 
who was married in the old house that stood about where 
the present one is, and went to live at Willett's mill near 
by, states that the present house was built, where it stands, 
about 1833, and Mr. Francis II. Wade is confident that 
the house which was moved is the one now owned and 
occupied by Mrs. William Kimball. How easily the his- 
tory of these houses is confused and misstated only sixty 
years away from the fact ! 

An ancient type of architecture is an insufficient proof 
of extreme aire. One of our most venerable houses was 
torn down when Mr. George E. Farley's house was built, 
and its site is occupied by his residence. The old relic 
had all the marks of great age : huge chimney, projecting 
over-stories, low, sloping " lean-to " roof, great summers 
or central beams in the low studded lower rooms, and very 
small windows. 


This corner was purchased by William Donnton of 
Thomas Lovell in 1695, an unpretending hundred-rod 
lot with nq building of any sort mentioned as standing upon 

it. These old deeds are very explicit and that so lar^e an 
item as a house could have been omitted in the descrip- 
tion of the estate is incredible. At Donnton's decease his 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Robert Perkins, sold her right 
and title in "the mansion or dwelling house and burn, 
with part of the homestead on which they stand to our 
loving brother-in-law, Joseph Holland," in 1721. In 1765, 
at Widow Holland's death, it was purchased by Francis 
Holmes, a physician. This old mansion was built, there- 
fore, subsequently to lb' ( .)5. This type of architecture, it 
is believed, established itself about 1660, but it continued 
well into the following century. 

Contemporaneous documentary evidence, then, deeds 
of sale, wills, town records, etc., must be the decisive 
test, and when the credible written document conflicts 
with the unwritten tradition or the recorded tradition even, 
the tradition must go to the wall. Even this evidence 
must be carefully weighed, for there is possibility of error 
lurking here. 

The question of the identity of a house now in existence 
with a house mentioned in an early deed or record is al- 
ways pertinent. As in our own time, a man may buy an 
estate, remove the old house, build anew, and sell again, 
and no evidence of this appear in the deeds, except from 
an enhanced price ; so a succession of houses may have 
occupied the same lot in the past, without a word of allu- 
sion in the deeds to any change. It is an historic fact that 
houses had been built very near the beginning of our town 
on many lots, which may be readily recognized, and on 
some of which old houses still remain ; but it is far from 
certain that these are the identical early dwellings. 




The use ot material from an old house in construction 
of a new one may also prove a false scent. An old brick 
with a date stamped upon it may be found ; hut this may 
have been used as a souvenir of some earlier building. 
Unsupported by more substantial evidence it cannot carry 
much weight. 

An interesting illustration of the blending of the old 
and the new has just been afforded by the building of an 
addition to the house owned by the late William Kinsman 
on the South side. On stripping off the modern (lap- 
boards it was seen that the boarding was very old. One 
board of clear white pine, extra thick, was twenty-three 
inches wide. Many hand-wrought nails were found. As 
cut nails were not made until 1790, it might have been 
surmised that this was the identical old house that deeds 
of sale mention far back into the preceding century. But 
it is known that this old building was either destroyed, or 
changed so completely that a new house resulted about 
the beginning of this century, and careful inspection shows 
old nail holes that indicate an earlier use of these old 

The question of age then, it will be seen, is one that 
admits of no certain solution in many instances. Identity 
may not be disproved, but it is not established for lack of 
proof to the contrary. The principles we have already 
outlined, as underlying all historic judgment, compel us 
to admit the existence of doubt as to the validity of the 
supposed date, where great antiquity is assumed. 

It will be recognized readily now, that the accurate 
determination or even approximation of age of any build- 
ing involves much careful research. Step by step, advance 
must be made toward the goal. No guesswork, no hasty 
assumption, no romantic fancies can be tolerated. The 
toil involved is great, but it is as fascinating as the pry- 

14 SOME ou> [pswioh HOUSES. 

ing open of any .secret in nature or in history. En my 
own researches I have arrived at certain conclusion* which 
I proceed to state, as an illustration of the method which 
seems to me necessary, in every case, before probable ac- 
curacy can be assumed. 

jofix Whipple's house. 

The old house now owned by Mr. James VV . Bond, near 
the depot, shall be the first considered. In the original 
division of lands, according to the town records, Daniel 
Denison received two acres near the mill, Mr. Fawn's 
house-lot being southwest, and Mr. Fawn's lot was hound- 
ed by Mr. Samuel Appleton's on the southwest. The 
Denison land included the area bounded by Market, Win- 
ter and Union streets at present. The Appleton owner- 
ship of land beyond the old house is unquestioned. Mr. 
Fawn's house-lot included the site of the old mansion. 

As early as 1638, allusion is made in the town rec- 
ords to the house-lot "formerly John Fawn's." Felt says 
that he removed to Haverhill in 1641. He may have *rone 
earlier. In the year 164*2, John Whipple was in occu- 
pation of this property, for in that year the town ordered 
that John Whipple " should cause the fence to be made 
between the house late Captain Denison's and the sayd 
John Whipple, namely on the side next Capt. Denison's/' 
Denison had sold his house and land here to Humphrey 
Griffin on Jan. 19, 1641, the record informs us, so that 
the allusion to a change of ownership occasions no diffi- 

Mr. John Fawn executed a quitclaim deed in October, 
1650, which confirmed the sale of a house and 2£ acres of 
land to Mr. John Whipple, formerly sold unto said John 
Whipple by John Jolley, Samuel Appleton, John Cogswell, 



Robert Muzzey and Humphrey Bradstreet. The nature 

of this earlier transaction is a mystery, but Fawn's title 
was not wholly extinguished until this deed was executed. 

The will of John Whipple, senior, .sinned and scaled 
May 19, 1669, gave his house, etc., to his son John. 
Capt. John Whipple's will dated Aug. 2, 1683, lett his 
property to his sons, John, Matthew and Joseph, and his 
daughter. Joseph, not yet of age, was to have the house 
where he lived, if the other sons agreed. In the actual 
division "the mansion house, his father died in, with the 
ham, out-houses, kiln, orchard, etc., with 2J acres of land 
more or less," was given to John. 

The Whipple malt kiln is frequently mentioned from 
very early times. The building mentioned in this will is 
probably the same that stood where the mill store-house is 
now, which was removed about sixty-live years ago to the 
lot adjoining the South parsonage, built up a story, and 
still serves the better purpose of shop and woodshed, its 
boards and timbers blackened by years of malting. 

Major John Whipple in his will, 1722, gave his daugh- 
ter, Mary Crocker and her heirs, his homestead and many 
of the furnishings; and a remembrance to his son-in-law, 
Benjamin Crocker. Mr. Crocker was a teacher of the 
grammar school and preached frequently. Major .Joseph 
Hodgkins married a daughter of Benjamin Crocker, and 
bought out the others, I am informed. At his decease, 
Mr. Nathaniel Wade, a son-in-law, was administrator and 
sold the house and an acre ot land to one Moore or More, 
who in his turn sold to Mr. Abraham Bond. Another 
acre was sold to Mr. Estes. 

The pedigree of this property seems beyond a doubt. 
Mr. Saltonstall never owned a foot of land here. His 
ownership of the mill in the near vicinity is beyond ques- 
tion. He also owned the " Mill Garden," as it is called 


in the old records, but the location of this latter property 
is settled beyond question by the deed of sale, by Richard 

and Nathaniel Saltonstall to J^ln. Waite and San 
Dutch (April 2, 1720), of one-third of the " Mill Garden," 
comprising one and one-half acres, bounded on the south- 
east by the Town River, on the north-east and north-west 
by the County Road, and on the south-wesl b\ the road 
leading to the mills, with house, dye-house, stable, mills, 
etc, lately the property of Col. Nathaniel Saltonstall of 

Dutch disposed of his interesl in the two grist mills 
and the piece of land called the Mill Garden near the 
mills, to John Waite, Jr., on Feb. 19, 173'). This 
"Garden" included, therefore, all the land bordering on 
the River from the Choate Bridge, down Market street, 
to the corner of Union, and then up Union street to 
the Mill. The house mentioned in the former deed was 
not Mr. Saltonstall's residence. His town dwelling and 
a goodly fourteen acre home-lot were on the South side, 
and his deed of sale to Samuel Bishop (Sept., 1680), 
with other deeds, which will be mentioned in the study of 
"a group of old houses near the South Green," show.-) 
that his mansion was near the southern end of the Green. 

Pleasing as it is to the popular mind to associate the name 
of the high-horn Saltonstall with this old mansion, if we 
value truth, as I interpret it, we must drop the old fable. 
As to the present house, it cannot reasonably be identified 
with the house of 1(540 or thereabout, on the general 
grounds we have mentioned. The first John Whipple left 
an humble estate, the second John was very wealthy. Hia 
estate inventoried £3314. His household effects were 
elaborate and multitudinous. The probabilities are that 
he built the present mansion some time subsequent to 1669 
and prior to 1683. 



The comfortable residence of Mr. George D. V» T ildes, 
on the corner of Market and Central streets, is much more 
ancient than its appearance indicates, and is one of the 
most interesting of our old mansions. 

Happily, it has been owned by a succession of well- 
to-do people, who have kept it in excellent repair. The 
original shape of the house has been lost, however, as it 
was formerly three stories high, and several modern addi- 
tions have been made. Mr. Hammatt surmised that if 
was built about 1681. This cannot be true. Col. John 
Appleton bought the lot, containing about an acre and a 
half, of Jacob Davis, for £33, February 25, 1707. There 
was no house on the land at that time. An old map of 
this locality shows that it was therein 1717. Between 
these two dates, probably about 1 707, the house was built . 

Colonel Appleton was Chief Justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas for many years, and Judge of Probate for 
thirty-seven years. He was also a Deputy and Councillor. 
In his day, the old mansion was one of the finest in our 
town, and was renowned for its elegance and open hos- 
pitality. Governor Shuteon his way to New Hampshire 
tarried here in 1716, and man)' a distinguished travellor 
enjoyed its good cheer. 

Col. John's son, Daniel, succeeded to the ownership on 
his father's death. He was also a Colonel, a Representa- 
tive, a Justice of the Court of Sessions, and Register of 
Probate from January 9, 1723, to Aug. 26, 1762. 

Another Register of the old Probate Court, Daniel 
Noyes, who filled the office from Sept. 29, 177b\ to May 
29, 1815, owned and occupied this house, already so 
closely associated with the judicial annals of our town. He 
was a citizen of the finest quality. He was graduated from 



Harvard in 1758, taught the Grammar school from 1762 
to 1774 ; was delegate to the Congress of the United 
Colonies in 1774-5, and became Postmaster in 1775. 

Mr. Abraham Hammatt, the eminent antiquarian, pur- 
chased and remodelled the house, and from him it has 
come by inheritance to its present owner. 

Before it was remodelled, it contained a dark chamber 
or closet, which came to have no small celebrity as the 
reputed hiding place ot one of the Regicides. No record 
or tradition remains of any sojourn of a Regicide in this 
vicinity, and the house was not built for years after the 
last of the eminent fugitives had been laid to rest in his 
secret grave. 

Nevertheless, the romantic tale found ready credence, 
and still survives. The late Mrs. Wilhelmina Wildes 
used to declare that it was the invention of some airy 
seminary girl, who roomed in the old house. Be that as 
it may, the dark room in question was very likely the re- 
pository of the probate records. It is well known that 
u Squire " Lord, who succeeded Mr. Noyes as Register, 
kept the books in his house until the brick probate office 
was built, and it is more than probable that Mr. Noyes 
and his predecessor, Colonel Appleton, provided a place 
of deposit under their own roof. 

"ye sparks r ordinary. 5 ' 

Close by the Wildes mansion the Baker house, so called, 
now occupied by Mr. George K. Dodge, affords an inter- 
esting study. Is it identical with the famous old hos- 
telry kept by John Sparks, at which Judge Sewall used 
to lodge, and many another famous man? 

This location was original lv granted to William Fuller, 




the gunsmith of the Pequod expedition. To the half acre 
the town granted him, he added half an acre more, which 
he purchased of William Simmons, and another small lot 
which was bought of Christopher Osgood, who then ad- 
joined him on the lower side, making about an acre and 
a quarter in all. He sold this with the ''small dwelling " 
he had built to John Knowlton, shoemaker, in 1(>H ( .I. 
Win. White succeeded in the ownership, and sold "the 
dwelling house, barn, orchard, garden and Parrocke or 
inclosure of earable land adjoining," two acres in all, t<> 
"John Sparks, Biskett Baker, 1 ' in 1671. In that year l)p 
received his first license "to sell beere at a penny a. quart, 
provided he entertain no Town inhabitants in the night, 
nor sutler any to bring wine or liquors to be drunk in his 
house." He built a bake house for the furtherance of his 
business. For twenty years he kept his ordinary, and 
then sold an acre and a half of his property with the 
bake house and barn to Col. John Wainwright, but con- 
tinued to live on the remainder. In 1705, John Roper 
sold the Colonel the house, "formerly in possession of 
Mr. John Sparks, now in possession of Mary, widow of 
John, with a small parcel of land/' 

When Colonel Wainwright sold the whole estate to 
Deacon Nath. Knowlton in 1707, it included two distinct 
tenements, as they were styled : the one higher up the 
Hill, occupied by Thomas Smith, innholder (which \v;is 
probably the old tavern) ; the other, at the southeast 
corner, occupied still by the widow Sparks, who had a 
life interest in it. Deacon Knowlton divided the estate 
into three parts and sold them in 1710. Ebene/er Smith 
bought the lot on the southeast corner of the estate, 
with six rods frontage, and :i small dwelling house. It 
is specified that it adjoined the Appleton property, now 
the Wildes estate. This then is easily identified as the 


location now occupied by Mr. Charles W. Brown, the 

The middle lot, containing an acre of land with house, 
barn, etc., was sold to John Smith, shoemaker. The 
upper lot, measuring three rods on the street, without a 
house, was bought by Ephraim Smith, brother of John. 

John Smith sold a part of his lot to Edward Eveleth 
in 1732, and all the rest of his estate, with the house, to 
Jacob Boardman in 1734. Boardman sold to Patrick 
Farren, a periwig-maker, and to James McCreelis of the 
same craft in 1735. McCreelis bought the other half and 
sold the whole to Nath. Treadwell, innkeeper, in 1737. 
Jacob Treadwell, son of Nathaniel, received "the tavern 
house ,? and land as his portion of the paternal estate in 
1777. The Treadwell tavern was frequented by John 
Adams and the Bench and Bar of pre-revolutionary day&, 
and figures in the diaries of the time. Moses Treadwell, 
jr., came into possession in 1815 and in 1831 his execu- 
tors sold to Joseph Baker, Esq., of Boston, whose name 
still attaches to the house. 

Evidently the house that the widow Sparks occupied 
stood about where Mr.C. W. Brown's house is to-day, as 
we have mentioned above. Was this the inn, or was the 
building, called the ff bake-house, " really the ordinary? 
The house is called a small house. Thomas Smith, the 
purchaser of the bake-house, etc., was an inn-keeper. 1 
surmise that the latter alternative is the more probable. 
Is the present Baker house identical with that old "bake- 
house?" Its whole appearance indicates later architecture 
and more noble use. The probabilities all seem to me 
against such identification. But T know of no data which 
can establish its exact age. It was built evidently for two 
families. The two large chimneys seem to have been 
built in their present location, and not to replace an 



original central chimney stack. The arrangement of stair- 
ways, etc., indicates this double use. The house that 
Jacob Boardman sold to Patrick Farren and J nine- Mc- 
Creelis in 1735 was a double house and probably this. 
Boardman bought the place in 1734 and it is wholly im- 
probable that he would have built a new house and sold it 
at once. So it belonged to John Smith, we may presume, 
and John Smith may have bought it in 1710 and it may be 
the very house that Thomas Smith, inuholder, used for an 
ordinary in 1707. But of this we cannot be sure. The 
only thing we can seem to affirm with any certainty is 
that it was probably erected prior to 1734. 

The old house that now occupies the corner of Winter 
and Market Sts. was moved there some fifty years ago 
from its original location between the Baker house and 
Mr. Brown's. Christian Wainwright, the widow of John, 
bought this lot in 1741. There is no mention of a house 
in this deed, but in her deed of sale to Daniel Staniford, 
in 1748, the house is specified. It was built between 
these two dates. 


Three neighbors of the olden time were John Proctor, 
Thomas Wells and Samuel Younglove, and it has been 
affirmed so often, that it has become an axiom, that Mr. 
Samuel N. Baker's residence is the old Proctor house, 
that the ancient dwelling that stood where the Town House 
is was Wells's, and that Younglove occupied an ancient 
house, which disappeared long ago, farther along the street. 
If we search carefully we may arrive at a different con- 

John Proctor's lot, on which his house stood, occupied 
the square now bounded by South Main, Klin and County 


streets and the River. ()!' this there can be no doubt. 
Proctor sold to Thomas Firman in 1(117, and in the fol- 
lowing year, in the inventory of Firman's estate^ Mr. 
Proctor's property was appraised at £18 LOs., a low valua- 
tion indicating a small and cheap house with I his amount 
of land. George Palmer owned it in 1651, as ho sold 
then to Ralph Dix, and in 16(11 Dix -old this 2-j acres and 
house toEzekiel Woodward. Incidentally we learn where 
the house stood. Liberty was granted Cornet Whipple, 
in 1673, ■" to sett "up a fulling mill at the smaller falls, 
near Ezekiel Woodward's house. " Woodward's house 
then was on the County-street side of the lot, and where 
else should we naturally suppose it? County street, from 
the corner by the church to the river, was one of the most 
ancient thoroughfares. The present South Main street, on 
which the Baker house fronts, was not opened until 1046, 
when the cart bridge was built. Years after the bridirc 
was built, in 1672, Ezekiel Woodward sold Shorebornc 
Wilson a half-acre tract, which had a frontage on the 
street, now called South Main, of seven rods, and was 
bounded by his lot on the south and east, and on the 
north, by " the Common and the River," which would 
indicate that the two rods " fisherman's way : " was contin- 
uous along the river bank at that time. Seven rods, 
measured from the river bank, includes the site of the 
Baker mansion, and at this dale, 1072, there is no evi- 
dence that any building of any sort had been erected on 
this lot. 

Woodward sold the remainder of his land and house to 
John Hubbard in 1679. Hubbard sold to Nathaniel Kti»t, 
senior, 168;"), one acre of this property, the eastern por- 
tion, with the house, reserving a right of way, where Klin 
street now is, and on the sane- day, he sold Shoreborue 
Wilson the remainder, the western part on South Main 


street, reserving one rod wide against Knowlton'a fence 
for a right of way, as in the previous (\cva\, no edifice be- 
ing mentioned. 

Wilson sold his house and an acre and half of laud to 
John Lane in 1694. As he bought the vacant lot in 1072, 
the house was erected between these two dates, 1072 and 

John Lane sold the property to Edward Bromtield and 
Francis Burroughs of Boston, in 1607, and from them il 
passed to Samuel Appleton in 1702. After his death, 
Jasper Waters and Jasper Waters, junior, of London, 
linen drapers, creditors, possibly, of the deceased mer- 
chant, purchased the widow's right of dower, and sold the 
estate to Isaac Fitts, hatter, consisting now of a mansion 
or dwelling house, barn, etc., in the year 1784. 

Fitts sold the northern corner of this property "near 
the southerly abutment of Town Bridge" to Thomas Bui - 
nam, junior, April 5, 1736 ; and now, for the first time, 
it is mentioned that a house and barn are located here. 
The conclusion of the matter is, therefore, that the Baker 
mansion is the old Shoreborne Wilson residence, built be- 
tween 1672 and 1694, and that the old Boss tavern, as it 
came to be, now owned by Mr. Warren Boynton, was built 
between 1734 and 1736. 

Thomas Wells's house and land came into the hands of 
Stephen Jordan, and were sold by him to Samuel Young- 
love, jr., and by him to George Hart. Various deeds 
make it plain that the house was on or near County street. 

Samuel Younglove, senior, owned a lot, which fronted 
on South Main street, and his house is located pretty defi- 
nitely by his deed of sale of house, barn and an acre of 
land to Dea. William Goodhue in 1069, and in Joseph 
Goodhue's deed to Isaac Fellows, junior, 1694. It stood 
not far from the old gambrel-roofeil house on the estate of 
the late John Heard. 



One word in this connection as to the site of the orig 
nal Foot Bridge, alluded to in our earliesl records. The 
record mentions that Thomas Wells's houselol was "on 
the further side the River, near the foot-bridge." Locat- 
ing Wells on the corner ol* Elm and County streets, we 
may locate the Foot Bridge at the only natural and easy 
place for such a bridge in this vicinity. Originally the 
land on which the saw mill now stands was a rocky island. 
separated by a narrow stream only from the mainland on 
the south. A single tree trunk would have reached from 
the old highway to the island, another long log would have 
spanned the rocky river bed at its narrowest. A foot- 
bridge here would have afforded easy access to the meet- 
ing house and the centre of the little community. Here, 
I believe, the foot-bridge of ancient Ipswich really was. 

But the record remains, I am aware, that, in 1655, the 
Town "agreed with John Andrews Junior, to bring sn 
many sufficient rayles to the Bridge-foot as will cover the 
Bridge over the River, neare the mill for the sum of £3, " 
and it has been assumed that thus the foot-bridge was 
near the mill. 

But foot-bridge and bridge-foot differ as truly as a 
horse chestnut differs from a chestnut horse. The bridge- 
foot evidently means the end of the bridge, or the ap- 
proach to the bridge, for the bridge in question is th^ 
cart-bridge as the record itself makes evident. Thus the 
same Mr. Andrews was granted six acres of salt marsh 
for gravelling "the one half the Bridge the ravlea are 
laid," and John West is awarded as much more for I lie 
other half. No conceivable foot-bridge would have in- 
volved such large expense. 

Confirmation of this sense of the word is found in the 
assignment of Isaiah Wood as surveyor of highways, 
"from the loot of the Town-bridge to the turning of the 
highway on this side Windmill-Hill, " in 1678. 



The river bank from the mill-dam to the Bridge was 
wholly unoccupied and ungranted as late as 16D3, except 
one small lot by the dam, which was occupied by Samuel 
Ord way's blacksmith shop. In March of that year, the 
Selectmen laid out this stretch of land in twenty-three loi s, 
ranging from thirty-six feet to eighteen feet in width, and 
granted them to as many individuals. It was stipulated 
by the Town that these lots were given " provided that 
they make up the banck strong front to ye low water mark 
and no further into the River, and that they build or front 
up their several parts within twelve months after this time, 
and that they build no further into the Street than the 
Committee shall see tit, and that they cumber not the high- 
way nor stop the water in the street, but make provision 
for the water to run free into the river under such build- 
ings, and also that each man's part be sett out, and that 
each person provide and make a good way by paving a 
way four foot wide all along before ye said buildings for 
the conveniency of foot travellers, and to have posts sett 
up upon the outside to keep off Teams from spoyling the 
same, and that it be done with stone, or if they are timber, 
must be purchased of others, if they have not of their 
own timber. " 

These rigorous conditions discouraged the improvement 
of the lots. They reverted to the Town, apparently, for 
the most part. Robert Lord built a shop, and Mrs. Dean 
owned a house on this territory, prior to 1722. Rev. 
Augustine Caldwell identities the Dean house with a 
dwelling that formerly occupied the site of the old lace 
factory now used as a tenement house.' 

Joseph Abbey received a grant, made a wall and built 
a house near Mrs. Dean's. In 1723, he petitioned the 



town for help, as his place had cost him more; than he an- 
ticipated, and received ten pounds. His house was built 
about 1722, probably, and Mr. Caldwell states that this is 
the old house formerly occupied by Mr. Wesley K. Bell. 

Nathaniel Fuller bought the lotassigned his brother Jos- 
eph, twenty-eight feet wide, in 1693. Thomas Knowlton 
bought Cornelius Kent's lot, eighteen feet wide, and sold 
to Fuller, whose lot was then forty-six feet in width. He 
built the wall, filled in the lot suitably for building, and 
erected a dwelling. Allusion to fr Nathaniel Fuller, de- 
ceased" in 1726, shows that his house antedates that year. 
In 1739, Nathaniel Knowlton of Haverhill gave a quitclaim 
deed of the house, etc., of the late Nathaniel Fuller to 
Nathaniel Fuller, junior, tailor, and it is described as 
"joining the Town Bridge." This is the house owned by 
the late Mrs. Susan Trow. It had originally a central 
chimney stack. 

Isaac Fitts, hatter, petitioned for forty feet on the river 
bank, adjoining Fuller's land in 1726, that he might set 
a dwelling thereon. This was granted provided he built 
within two years. He built at once, for Joseph Abbe 
asked the Town in 1727 to add twenty feet more of the 
river bank to his former grant "the front to extend from 
the Easterly corner in a straight line toward Isaac Fitts's 
dwelling, which is the easterly corner of said Abbe's shop." 
Fitts sold to Arthur Abbott, innholder, for £24(J, in 
1733, his house, shop, half the well, and eight rods of 
land, " being partly a grant made to Capt. Daniel Kinge, 
the other to me by the Town." The lot had sixty feet 
frontage, and abutted on the south on the land dwelt on 
by Jonathan Lord. Abbott sold to Cornelius Brown, of 
Boxford, for £370 bills of credit, bounded by Jonathan 
Lord and Nathaniel Fuller, in 1738. Daniel Brown, of 
Cambridge, sold to Daniel Badger, painter, in 1760 ; Mary 
Badger to Timothy Souther; one-fourth interest in 1794, 

SOME OLD rPSWICll liOUSKS. . r »7 

hounded by Nathaniel Rns1 and John Kimball. This Is 

the old ff Souther " house, next south of Mr. Baker's .-tore;. 

William Jones desired "the remaining pari ol the 
River's hank next Joseph Abbe's grant down the River 
to the place reserved for a highway which is about 60 
feet, " in 1727. This was granted him, and the Committee 
recommended that a way twenty feet wide to the liver he 
reserved. This public way to the river remains, adjoining 
the property lately owned by Wesley K. Bell, Esq. The 
house, on the south side of this way, is the one erected 
by Mr. Jones at this time, now owned and occupied by 
Mr. Edward Ready. 

The lot adjoining the twenty feet way in 1 72*> was 
granted Joseph Manning, who was desirous of settling in 
his native town, but had no dwelling plaee. It was eighty 
or ninety feet long. Dr. Manning built his house forth- 
with, and occupied it to the time of his death, 1786. By 
the provision made in his will, it then became the property 
of his daughter Anstice, wife of Francis Cogswell, who 
sold the house, warehouse, and one hundred and six feet 
frontage, to Joseph Cogswell, in 1808. Here Joseph 
Green Cogswell, the eminent teacher of the Round Hill 
school and librarian of the Astor Library, was horn. It is 
owned now by Mr. Josiah Stackpole. 

The house between this and the Souther house is al- 
luded to as occupied by Jonathan Lord as early as 1733. 
and was probably built about the time its neighbors were. 
It is quite a remarkable circumstance that six very com- 
fortable houses stand here side by side, every one of which 
was built in the near vicinity of 1725. 


Richard Saltonstall owned fourteen acres, about eight 
acres of which lay to the south of the brook, then called 


Saltonstall's Brook, and frequently alluded to under that 
name, and the remainder north of it, extending from the 
highway to the river. This is the brook that crosses the 
road by Mr. Josiah Stackpole's soap factory. Mr. Salton- 
stall's house was somewhere north of the brook. 

This whole property, including his mansion, he sold to 
Samuel Bishop representing the estate of Thomas Bishop, 
September, 1680. Job Bishop sold to Capt. Stephen 
Cross in 1684. Cross divided the property. In 1689, 
Nathaniel Rust was in possession of the part on the south 
of the brook. The half acre, north of the brook, front- 
ing on the street was sold to Elisha Treadwell and by him 
to John Treadwell in 1689, and by him to Thomas Man- 
ning in 1691. Manning also acquired a rod more frontage 
in 1692 and a quarter of an acre in the rear in 1696. This 
tract did not include Saltonstall's house. 

Capt. Stephen Cross left the remainder of his estate to 
his two minor sons, Stephen and John, in 1691 ; and in 
1706, Stephen sold to Benjamin Dutch, sadler, his right 
and title to the dwelling house Dutch occupied, and the 
land for £65. 

Dutch sold Thomas Norton, tanner, for £140 in 1730, 
a house and six rods square of land, bounded by Manning 
and Dutch's other land and the highway. This is the 
houae that now stands in dismal decay just opposite the 
Parsonage, and it seems to have been built between 1706 
and 1730. Even if Dutch acquired only a half interest in 
the Cross house and five acres of land for £65 in 1706, 
the increase in value between that and £140 for a house 
and only thirty-six rods of land, indicates that a new 
house must have been erected on this site. At Mr. Nor- 
ton's decease, it became the property of his widow. Sub- 
sequently Margaret Norton executed a deed of half of it to 
her brother, George Norton. Then it belonged to Thomas 
Appleton, to John Wade, etc. 



Returning now to the south of the brook, Nathaniel 
Rust sold an acre, bounded by the brook and the street, 
including buildings, tan-yard, etc., to Thomas Norton in 

March, 1700, and in November of that year Norton mar- 
ried Mercy Rust, daughter of Mr. Nathaniel Ru>t. Mr. 
Rust, it will be remembered, was ordered to furnish the 
gloves for Mr. Cobbetl's funeral in 1G85. 

In 1701, Rust sold his son-in-law the seven acres ad- 
joining the tan-yard lot, and in 1710, he sold Norton and 
Daniel Ringe, who had married his two daughters, his 
house and land where the South Church now stands. Nor- 
ton and Ringe sold out to Ammi Ruhamah Wise in 1723, 
and I suspect that, at this time, Deacon Norton, as he was 
then called, built the substantial house that stands to-day 
in excellent repair, under the great elm tree, and evincing 
in its interior finish a wealthy builder. 

Thomas, the son of the Deacon, a Harvard graduate, 
and once teacher of the Grammar school, married Mrs. 
Mary Perkins in 1728, and his father took to wife the 
widow Mary Hay men t of Beverly, 1729. 

This double marrying seems to have resulted in the pur- 
chase of the Dutch house by the senior Thomas, in the 
following June, as Thomas Norton, junior, was witness 
to the signature. 

Deacon Norton died in 1744, and Thomas, junior, in- 
herited the estate. Thomas Norton, junior, died in 1750. 
At his death, his widow was apportioned the " Dutch 
house" and its thirty-six rods of land. His son Thomas 
received the homestead, barn, bark-house, old house, Beam 
house, tan-yard and pits, half the little house, etc. The 
homestead was appraised at £22b\ 13, 1. In 1771, Nor- 
ton sold the whole property to Du miner Jewett for £240, 
and in 1791, his widow sold it to the County of Essex n to 
be improved and used as a House of Correction." The 


prison was built near the site of the residence of the late 
Rhoda B. Potter, and the grounds inclosed with a high 
red fence. The old mansion was the keeper's residence . 
Many old people remember it while it served this use. 

Despite its fresh appearance, the comfortable house- 
lately owned and occupied by Mrs. Potter, is of vener- 
able age. It was built on the coiner now occupied by the 
Meeting House of the South Parish, and when that edi- 
fice wa9 erected in 1837, it was removed to its present 
location. The well belonging to it remained visible until 
recently, in the old corridor in the cellar, near the door. 

I presume from its interior architecture that the present 
house is identical with the one owned and occupied by 
Dr. Samuel Rogers, a prominent citizen, for many years, 
on the original site. Rogers purchased the property of 
Daniel Wise, in June, 1750. Wise received it from his 
father, Major Ammi Ruhamah Wise, son of the celebrated 
Rev. John Wise of the Chebacco Parish. Major Wise 
purchased from Daniel Ringe and Thomas Norton, in 
1723, who bought the estate of Nathaniel Rust, their 
father-in-law, in 1710. Rust acquired the property, with 
a house and barn, on June 2, 1665, by purchase, from Dea- 
con William Goodhue, but I am unable to find the deed 
of Goodhue's purchase. I presume it was a part of the 
original Younglove grant. It seems improbable that the 
house mentioned in the deed of 1665 should have been 
good enough in 1837 to be removed and repaired. The 
joint ownership ot Ringe and Norton may indicate a 
double house at that period. It would not be hard to 
believe that Major Wise built it in the days of his pros- 
perity, but this must be wholly a matter of surmise. 

The old Wade mansion was built in 1728 and has al- 
ways remained in the family. It w r as inherited by Nathan- 
iel Wade, who served with conspicuous honor in the 



Revolutionary War. When Benedict Arnold went over to 
the British, Washington at once sent an order to Colonel 
Wade to take command of West Point and hold it, Hay- 
ing " We can trust him." The original military order, 
bearing Washington's signature is a priceless relic, now 
in the possession of Mr. Francis II. Wade. An attic room 
in this house has always been called "Pomp's" room. 
Pomp was a slave of the olden time, but a very jolly fel- 
low with a gift for doggerel rhyme which was exercised on 
many occasions. One day, the tradition runs, he came 
back from town with the astounding news : 

" Here is more of old Choate's folly 
He's torn down the old bridge 
And turned out Walley." 

The old town bridge was replaced by the stone bridge 
in 1764, and in the same year Rev. John Walley resigned 
his pastorate at the South Church. Colonel Choate was 
so conspicuous a citizen and official that his name is still 
borne by the bridge. He was very prominent in church 
affairs as well. 

The worthy Thomas Norton, junior, owned a slave 
Phillis, valued in the inventory at £26, 13s. 4d. These 
old mansions are filled with weird memories. Pomp and 
Phillis are mementoes of slave life in our county. 

The residence of Mr. F. T. Goodhue is venerable and 
interesting. Rev. John Rogers, in 1734, deeded his son 
Samuel, a physician, about half an acre here, described as 
" all yt part of my homestead or old orchard, lying before 
the land that was Mr. Francis Crompton's, from the South 
corner, opposite said Crompton's land by a strait line to 
ye street or highway, with all building, trees, etc." It 
hardly seems likely that the house would not have been 
mentioned specifically if it were then built. 




Dr. Rogers sold his dwelling house, Unci, etc., to 

John Walley, first pastor of the South Church, and Mr. 
Walley sold it to his successor, Joseph Dana, in 1766, 
rt excepting the hangings being painted canvass in the 
Front Room, nearest to the meeting house, sis also tin- 
hangings in the chamber over said room which, it is mu- 
tually agreed, said Joseph Dana shall take down with all 
convenient speed and deliver to said John Walley at his 

I should judge from the deeds that Samuel Rogers built 
the house in 1734 or subsequently. 

Old people remember an ancient house, that stood near 
the corner of the Heard land, facing the east. This was 
the home of Col. John Choate, Esq., in early days, and 
was purchased by him of the heirs of Francis Crompton. 
Crompton bought the land, three acres, without any sure 
mention of a house in the deed, in 1 003. Averill,the ear- 
lier owner, was a poor man, if 1 associate the correct in- 
ventory with his name. Crompton probably built the 
house. It fell into decay and was removed more than fifty 
years ago. 

Before leaving this locality, it may be of interest if we 
trace the outline of the original Saltoustall property, since 
it establishes incidentally several interesting facts. 

We have mentioned that the Thomas Manning property 
and the Thomas Norton property included an acre or more 
of the Saltoustall estate. Benjamin Dutch sold a lot con- 
taining thirty square rods, six rods frontage and five rods 
depth, adjoining Mr. Norton to Joseph Appleton in 173') 
for £72. It is styled a "certain piece of upland" and 
no house was included in the purchase. But Joseph Ap- 
pleton had a house here some years later, and it is likely 
that he built it about the time of his purchase. A well 
near the street in Mr. Theodore Coirs well's vacant corner 

' ■■■ '< 



lot here may have been Appleton'a well. It is interesting 
to note the fact that, although the deeds mention this house 
repeatedly, it disappeared so long ago that no remem- 
brance or tradition of its existence has survived. The 
remainder of the Saltonstall properly, lour acres less or 
more, was sold by Benjamin to Nathaniel Dutch, for £150 
in 1737. It was bounded on the northeast partly by Rev. 
Mr. Rogers' land and partly by common land, that is, the 
old training field ; but it embraced quite a portion of the 
present Common, for the Joseph Appleton lot was bounded 
by it on the north. 

Nathaniel Dutch sold 95 rods in 1733 to William Story, 
Esq., Isaac Dodge and Samuel Lord, jr., a committee of 
the First Parish, and Joseph Appleton, Esq., John Baker, 
Esq., and Isaac Smith, gentleman, a committee of the 
South Parish, "for the purposes of a burying yard for- 

in Dutch's line, twelve t'eet southeast of the southeast 
corner of said John Baker's homestall," it was bounded 
thirteen and one-half rods on Baker's land, then seven rods 
on the west side on Dutch. It was a rectangular lot, 
13 J rods by 7. The remainder of his four acres was 
mortgaged by Dutch to William McKean (the deeds men- 
tion "about live acres") in 1785. McKean acquired pos- 
session and sold to Dr. John Manning in 1793. 

Manning sold John Wade, a strip of "twenty-one feet 
deep and as wide as the land he had bought lately of 
Thomas Appleton" in 1794. In duly of that year he sold 
the town, for £13, 10s., " twenty-two square rods of land 
lying on the road opposite the house of Col. Nathaniel 
Wade, beginning four t'eet from the easterly corner of the 
house lately owned by Joseph Appleton, Esq., deceased, 
in front toward the road and extending northerly as the 
wall now stands to a stake and stones in the (raining field, 


and from thence southeast to the old road, thence on the 
old bounds on the road to the first bounds mentioned, for 
the purpose of widening the road for the convenience of the 
public." It would appear from this that the road was 
much narrower then than now. 

In May, 1795, Dr. Manning sold the two Parishes a 
piece of land adjoining the burying ground, "beginning 
one rod and a half from the southeast corner of the old 
burying place in a right line toward the road, then south 
four rods, then west 20 rods, then north seven rods, 
and along the burying ground to the first bound." This 
gave the burying ground a width of fourteen rods, a depth 
of thirteen and one-half rods on the Baker line and of 
twenty rods on the southerly side. A second enlargement 
was made, not many years ago, when Rev. John Cotton 
Smith purchased the land of William Kinsman, which has 
been divided into lots on the south side of the yard. In 
June, 1795, Manning sold Thomas Baker an acre of land 
between the burying ground and the river, and in May of 
that year, he had sold the town for 5s, " from desire of 
accommodating the Town with a more convenient training 
field ; beginning at the southeast corner of the homestead 
of the heirs of John Baker, Esq., deceased, thence south- 
east to land I lately sold the inhabitants of the Town, 
thence southwest until it comes within four rods and (> feet 
of the house formerly owned by Joseph Applcton, Esq., 
thence west northerly til it strikes the burying ground 
23 feet to the north of the southerly corner thereof, thence 
northeast to the bounds first mentioned, containing about 
half an acre." 

The curious antiquarian can locate these lines with ap- 
proximate accuracy, and it appears probable, that if the 
stone wall now separating the burying ground from the 
Heard estate were prolonged in the direction it runs until 



it reached well into the present highway, we should have 
the northern bound roughly traced of the original Salton- 
stall grant. The training field and Green were much 
smaller therefore than to-day. 

While this boundary of the Saltonstall estate is fresh in 
mind, attention may well be given to a claim made by the 
widow of President John Rogers, who then occupied the 
estate of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, to land now included in 
the Common or the public thoroughfare, by virtue of a 
grant of six acres made by John Winthrop in 1634. In 
the town record, under date of April 8, 1686, the entry 
is made : 

"Whereas, Mrs. Rogers claimeth part of the land with- 
out the line from the gate and stable end, upon a line to 
the land of Mr. Saltonstall's, and some land in the end 
of the now orchard before the land of William Avory'a, all 
this upon the satisfaction of a grant of land to Mr. Win- 
throp of six acres of land in 1634. 

" Voted and granted that, provided that Mrs. Rogers 
give in to the Selectmen in the Town's behalf, that she 
and her heirs shall secure the Town from any further de- 
mand for satisfaction of said grant from Mr. Winthrop and 
his heirs and her and her heirs, that then the Town will 
pay to said Mrs. Rogers within one year the sum of ten 
pounds in Common pay, and she secure the Town from 
any claims of herself or her heirs, from the land on the 
outside of a straight line, from the said gate to Mr. Sal- 
tonstall's fence, formerly as the stable end stands, and 
from all the land on this end of the now orchard cov- 
ering the length of four rayles as the fence stands upon a 
square from the paile fence to William Avory's fence, 
then the said sum shall be paid by the Town." 

The original deed with seals and signatures is in the 
Town Record, and it provides "that the said land laid 


downe shall lie common and be not impropriated by any 
particular future grant to any person or persons." 

Further specification is made in the deed of "a straight 
line from the fence of Stephen Cross formerly Richard 
Saltonstall's, Esq., ranging to her gate post, and so 
stretching the length of four rails beyond the causeway 
end, and then on a square 1 to the fence of William 

The meaning must be guessed out for neither Resolu- 
tion nor Deed is luminous. I have always interpreted 
this transaction as securing the Town's title to the land 
bordering on Mr. F. T. Goodhue's property, and some 
portion of the old training field. One fact is beyond 
question. Mr. Winthrop's "six acres near the River," 
granted in 1(534, included the whole or part of the fine 
open meadow belonging to the Heard estate. This be- 
longed to the Rogerses, and Rogers must have purchased 
from John Winthrop. 


The name of Winthrop has been associated with the 
old Burnham house on the Argil hi Road, now occupied by 
Mr. Perley Lakeman, but without reason. 

In 163G-7, the town granted George Giddings about 
16 acres of land, meadow and upland, having the high- 
way to Chebacco on the northeast.. In 1(507, Giddings 
sold Thomas Burnham "my dwelling house, wherein said 
Thomas now dwelleth " and twelve acres of land, bounded 
north by Mr. Jonathan Wade's land, west and south by 
land of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, and east by the highway 
leading to Chebacco. 

Giddings owned no other land on this road, and the 
bounds given locate it beyond a doubt. Generations of 



Burnhams possessed it, until the sale to the present 
owner a few years .since. 

There is not a scrap of documentary evidence, known 
to me, that suggests Winthrop's ownership. As for the 
house itself, Dr. Lyon, of Hartford, an expert in olden 
architecture, pronounces it to have been built in the latter 
part of the seventeenth century or the early years of the 
following one. 


Fronting the new stone bridge, on Turkey Shore, is 
the well preserved " Howard house " as it is sometimes 
called. Mr. Caldwell in his Notes to the Hammatt papers 
states that it was owned by Aaron Wallis, half a century 
ago. Before him Capt. Ebenezer Caldwell, who died in 
1821, was its possessor. His first wife was Lucy, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Kinge. Hinge bought the property of 
Stephen Howard, who inherited it in 1766 on the death 
of his father, Samuel Howard. Samuel bought the 
shares owned by his brothers William and John at his 
father's, William Howard's, death. To this it may be 
added, Howard bought six acres of land with the dwelling 
in 1679 of Uzal Wardell. Susanna Ringe, the wife of 
Ward ell, junior, sold her father-in-law, Uzal Wardell, 
her third of her father's, Daniel Range's estate in 1669. 
Ringe bought of Thomas Emerson in 1648, a dwelling 
house and six acres of land by original grant. 

Is this house the same that Daniel Ringe bought in 
1648? 1 cannot believe it, though the deeds are contin- 
uous. The question of identity, which was stated in the 
beginning of this series of papers, is well illustrated in 
this case. The probability of such extreme antiquity is 
very slight. Judging from its architecture, Dr. Lyon be- 


lieves this house was built near the beginning of the last 


The ancient Hovey house, last used as a barn by Mr. 
Foss, but, unfortunately, now a thing of the past, is gen- 
erally assumed to have been built in 1668, because Daniel 
Hovey was granted permission to fell trees " for a house" 
that year. More pertinent evidence is the grant of the 
previous year, 16b'7, to Daniel Hovey, "to fell timber 

for a and repayring his house." A house that 

needed repairing in 1667 is not likely to have defied the 
tooth of Time for two hundred and twenty-seven years 
longer, and then, still stout and strong, have suffered de- 
struction only by fire. 


The same question of identity confronts us in the fine 
old mansion, now owned by Mr. Daniel S. Burnham, on 
Water street. The pedigree of this property is beyond 
question. Charlotte Burnham, wife of Abraham, pur- 
chased half of it in 1862, from Enoch P. Fuller. He bought 
it of Nathaniel Fuller in 1840. Fuller purchased from 
Thomas Dodge in 1796, Dodge from John Holland in 
1792, Holland from John Harris in 1778. Richard Sut- 
ton and Elizabeth, his wife, sold Abner Harris, ship- 
wright, the southwest end of the dwelling house, " late 
our honored grandfather's, Jacob Foster deceased," in 
1758. Jacob Foster, father of this Jacob, I presume, re- 
ceived it from Reginald Foster. Reginald Foster bought 
of Roger Preston in 1655, a house and land reaching from 
the present Green street to Summer street. 




Again, I cannot believe this house identical with the 
house of 1655, but make no assertion as to its probable 


This fine old mansion, venerable in its architecture, 
hallowed with its association with the great and good men 
of the early days, has long been counted the most historic 
house of Ipswich, and possibly the oldest. An honest 
desire to establish its antiquity, and confirm its legendary 
renown, impelled me to very careful study of every doc- 
ument that I could discover. To my own chagrin, the 
conclusion, to which candor has impelled me, divests the 
old landmark of all its poetry, and much of its age. A 
review of the grounds leading to this may not be unin- 
teresting to those that have the love of antiquarian lore. 

In the year 1638, Thomas Firman sold Rev. John 
Norton a house and lot "which said lot was granted first 
unto Mr. John Fawne in the year 1634, " and by him 
sold to Firman. The boundaries given locate the prop- 
erty unmistakably. 

In this house, or a better one of his own building, Mr. 
Norton dwelt until he resigned his pastorate and removed 
to Boston as the successor of Rev. John Cotton. His 
successor, Rev. Mr. Cobbett, occupied his house and 
eventually purchased it. At his decease, the estate be- 
came the property of his widow. In 1696, his son John 
sold tho house and three acres of land for £70 to Major 
Francis Wainwright, who owned the Robert Payne estate 

After a few months ownership, Major Wainwright sold 
to John Annable "Taylor" for £24 — ff A house that was 
formerly in the tenure of John Cobbett, late of Ipswich, 



with the land on which said house atnndeth, and also all 
the land before the said house to the street, together with 
four foot breadth from the said house at the western end 
thereof, and four foot breadth northerly from said house, 
and four foot easterly from said house, these three points 
all bounded by said Waiuwright's land and southerly by 
the Highway or Street, the westerly line that comes to said 
street to take in but half the well, and the easterly line 
to run straight from four foot of from the said house to 
the said street." March 9, 1696-7. 

Evidently Major Wainwright retained the land that 
originally belonged with the house, and a few years later 
he sold to Matthew Perkins, land and the orchard upon it, 
"bounded by John Baker's land on the East, the Highway 
on the South, the land of John Annible and said Wain- 
wright on the West, as the old wall formerly stood, the 
land of Wainwright on the North, as the wall stands, also 
the common right bought of John Cobbett." October 1 1, 

The Perkins property thus lay between the old Cobbett 
house and Baker's. 

The Cobbett house with its four feet of land on three 
sides was sold by Annable to William Stone for £35 with 
Wainwright on three sides and half of the well, etc. 
March 16, 1701. 

Stone sold his house with one-quarter of an acre to Robert 
Holmes, tailor, for £40, bounded easterly by Capt. Mat- 
thew Perkins, west and north by Wainwright. January 
20, 1710-11. 

Stone had bought of Wainwright ''* 3 foot in front next 
ye street joining on the westerly side of the land he bought 
of John Annable and to run until it comes to nothing at 
the north corner of said line," for £3, 12s. This he as- 
signed to Holmes on the same date, so that the western 



line was now seven feet from the house on the front, and 
included the whole well. 

Robert Holmes sold his son Robert Holmes , junior, 
taylor, "a certain parcel of land on the South East side 
of my homestead, beginning at ye easterly corner next 
Capt. Matthew Perkins his homestead and from there to 
extend North West 15 feet into my homestead, from thence 
to run on a straight line keeping equal distance from Per- 
kins's land to ye country road, and up said road Southerly 
to ye corner of said Perkins's homestead, and by said Per- 
kins's homestead to ye bound first mentioned, as also all 
my right, title and interest in ye new end of ye dwelling 
house standing on said bounded premises." February 20, 

In accordance with the terms of his father's will Robert 
Holmes, junior, succeeded to the whole estate at his 
mother's death. He enlarged the estate by purchasing 
of Thomas Staniford, innholder, for £3, a small piece of 
land adjoining the northeast side of the homestead of 
Robert Holmes, late of Ipswich, deceased, about three 
rods, bounded south by homestead, southwest and north- 
west by Staniford, northeast by land of widow Esther 
Perkins. April 10, 1742. 

Administration was granted on the estate of Robert 
Holmes to Samuel and Abigail Heard, September, 1776. 

"Samuel Heard, cordwainer, and Abigail, his wife, 
being the only child and heir of Robert Holmes, late of 
Ipswich, Taylor," for £33, G, 8, sell "Nathaniel March, 
Taylor, a dwelling house, with small parcel of land under 
and adjoining, part of the real estate of our honored father, 
be^innin^ at Southeast corner by land of Abraham Cald- 
well, thence by said Caldwell's land easterly, G rods and 
10 feet, thence northerly by land of Capt. Thomas Stani- 
ford, one rod, eleven feet and a half, thence westerly on 


land of the said Abigail Heard 6 rods 10 feet, and thence 
southerly one rod, 9£ feet by Highway, also the privilege 
of using the well on the other part of deceased real es- 
tate." March 1, 1777. 

Nathaniel March sold to Nathaniel March, junior, for 
$900, the house and fifteen rods of land, bounded south- 
easterly by Daniel Kussell six rods ten feet, northerly by 
Staniford one rod eleven and one-halt feet, westerly by 
Abigail Heard six rods ten feet, southerly by highway one 
rod nine and one-half feet, with privilege of using the well 
on said Abigail's land ; Nathaniel and Elizabeth, his wife, 
to have the privilege of the use of the northwest room of 
said house, during their natural life. November 21, 1796. 

The portion of the Holmes property, which Samuel and 
Abigail Heard reserved when they sold the house to March, 
was sold by them to Samuel Heard, junior, and Ebenezer, 
beginning at the north corner on land of heirs of Staniford 
on the street, southerly by street one rod nine and one-half 
feet, to land of Nathaniel March, easterly on March's land 
six rods ten feet, northerly by Stamford's land one rod 
seven and one-half feet, westerly on Stamford's land six 
rods ten feet. May 19, 1803. Samuel, junior, and 
Ebenezer Heard sold this plot, ' r part of garden spot for- 
merly owned by Nathaniel March," for $30 to Elizabeth 
March. April 8, 1808. 

Nathaniel and Hannah March sold to Daniel Kussell for 
$80 " a certain dwelling house with land under and adjoin- 
ing containing 15 rods, beginning at the south corner by 
highway and land of Daniel Russell, thence north west by 
said highway 1 rod 9 feet and £ to land of Elizabeth 
March, thence northeasterly by Elizabeth's land 6 rods 
and 10 feet to land of heirs of Thomas Staniford, thence 
south easterly 1 rod 11£ feet to land of Russell, south- 
westerly by land of Russell 6 rods 10 feet to Highway, 


being the same I purchased of my late father, Nathaniel 
March by deed November 21, 1 796,' 1 and on the same 
day Elizabeth March sold the garden spot adjoining to 
Russell for $40. 

Daniel Russell sold his son, Foster Russell, for $70 "a 
certain piece or parcel of land situate, lying and being in 
Ipswich aforesaid, formerly owned by Nathaniel March, 
deceased, containing 14 rods more or less, beginning at 
the southerly corner thereof by the highway and my own 
land, thence running north westerly 38 feet to land owned 
by the Methodist Society, thence by land of said Society 
to land of Dr. Thomas Manning, thence south easterly by 
Manning 36 feet to my own land, thence south westerly 
by my own laud to highway. " August 30, 1833. 

Thus there is not a link lacking in the chain. From 
Firman and Norton, we trace the ownership of the house, 
through Cobbett, Wainwright, Amiable, Stone, the 
Holtneses, and the Marches to Daniel Russell. Russell 
bought the house and land in 1818. In 1833, he sold the 
land to Foster Russell, but there is no mention of any 
house. Evidently it had disappeared. 

But what of the old house still standing? 

It is well remembered that Richard Sutton owned the 
southeast half of this dwelling, and Daniel Russell the 
northwest half. Russell bought his half of Abraham 
Caldwell of Beverly in 1796, bounded northwesterly 
partly on land of Nathaniel March, southeasterly on land 
of Richard Sutton. 

Caldwell purchased of Samuel Sawyer in 1772, Robert 
Holmes abutting on the northwest. Ephraim Kindall 
bought this half of Jonathan Newmarsh in 17f>y, who 
bought of Benjamin Brown in 1762. Brown acquired it 
in 1754, by purchase, of William Dodge, of Lunenburg, 
and Esther, his wife, aud Samuel Williams, junior. 


Dodge's deed recites that the line of division beginning 
at a stake by land of Robert Holmes, extends to ;i stake 
standing in the middle of the homestead of Capt. Matthew 
Perkins, late of Ipswich, thence southwesterly to a stake, 
thence northwesterly twenty-two feet through the middle 
of the curb of the well to a stake standing near, thence 
southwesterly through the dwelling house and middle of 
the chimney to the street, with one-half the dwelling, 
with all privileges, etc., settled by a Commission ap- 
pointed and impowered by the Court of Probate to divide 
the estate of said Matthew Perkins to and among his two 
daughters, Esther Harbin and Mary Smith, according to 
his will. Williams sold the interest he bought of William 

Among the filed papers relating to the estate of Capt. 
Matthew Perkins, we find the divisions of the real estate 
between Esther Harbin and Mary Smith in 1749. Esther 
received the northwest half, the division line being de- 
fined word by word as in the deed of Dodire to Brown. 
Mary received the southeast half. Esther left her estate 
to her four children to whom it was apportioned in 1752. 
Her heirs sold to Brown 

Capt. Matthew Perkins, we observed at the beginning, 
bought the Norton-Cobbett orchard in 1701. Between 
that date and 1709, he built the house, for in the latter 
year he gave his son Matthew his former homestead, low- 
er down the street. 

The present old house is, therefore, Capt. Matthew Per- 
kins' mansion, and the Norton-Cobbett house stood very 
near on the northwest side, but has long since disap- 

Every item of evidence corroborates this identification. 
The successive deeds of the old Cobbctt property men- 
tion Captain Matthew, the widow Esther Perkins, Abra- 


ham Caldwell and Daniel Russell as eastern abutters. 

The deeds of the present house mention Holmes and March 
as western neighbors. The well of the present house is 
precisely where the deeds locate it; the Cobbett well was 
on the west side of the house. This house stands near 
the road ; the other must have stood back somewhat, as 
the land covered by the house with only four feet on each 
of three sides and the frontage measured about a quarter 
of an acre. 

The present Foster Russell house, by the measurements 
of the deeds, occupies a part of the site of the old one. 
Finally, Mrs. Susan Lakeman, the daughter of the late 
Daniel Russell, was born in the Perkins' mansion in 1815. 
She remembers distinctly that it was always said that her 
father tore down an old house close by in 1818, called 
"the March house." In that year he bought the proper- 
ty of Nathaniel March. 

As to the old Cobbett well, it is beyond question iden- 
tical with the well that still remains in the cellar of the 
Foster Russell house, which served as a public watering 
place for many years, I am informed, before the house 
was built, and still supplies Mr. Augustine Spiller by a 
pipe that pierces the cellar wall. 


The well-preserved old mansion beneath the spreading 
elms on the corner ot East street and "Hog Lane," as the 
ancient nickname was, — ' f Brooke Street" as it is recorded 
in the old deeds, — is of much interest. 

This lot was owned in 1648 by Francis Jordan, the 
town-whipper, whose gruesome business it was to wield 
the lash and lay it smartly upon the backs of evil-doers, 



at the public whipping-post. In 1655, there was a house 
here, occupied by Jeffrey Skelling or Snelling, a man ol 
questionable character, who tasted the lash more than 

once. I can hardly believe that a man of his proclivities 
was likely to occupy so tine a house. 

Richard Belcher of Charlestown sold, to John Potter, 
for £88, in 1708, the two acres in this corner, with all tic 
buildings, including the "old house, new out-houses, etc." 
The mention of an " old house" at this date renders it 
very improbable that the present building was then in 

A few years ago, the slope of the hill on the east side of 
the present house was dug away, and an old cellar was 
disclosed. Two old spoons of a style in vogue prior to 
1700 were found. Very likely this was the site of the 
old Francis Jordan property, and John Potter probably 
built the present mansion subsequent to 1708. 


A few more old mansions, on High street, must not be 
overlooked. Here again that question of identity dis- 
turbs us in the case of the old Caldwell house. 

Richard Betts sold to Cornelius Waldo, for £30, his 
dwelling house, land, etc., in 1652. Waldo sold the 
same property to John Caldwell, in 1654 for £2(5. John 
Caldwell's estate, about the year 1692, was inventoried, 
the house, land at home and three acres of other land at 
£109. This three-acre lot is probably identical with the 
"four acres, be it more or less, within the Common fields, 
neare unto Muddy River," which he bought of William 
Buckley, and which Buckley had bought for £7 of Thomas 
Manning in 1657. The homestead was valued, then, at 


about a hundred pounds sterling. Caldwell bought it for 
£20, occupied it some forty years, and left it worth £100. 
It has been said that record remains of enlargement, etc., 
but repairs and enlargement sufficient to enhance the 
value nearly four times must have been very destructive 
of the original Waldo house, L fear. Jt is more likely 
that Caldwell built the present house, and its architecture 
points to the latter years of the seventeenth century as 
the time of its erection. 

The tine mansion, lately purchased and improved by 
Mr. John B. Brown, is the colonial home Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers built for himself in 1727-8. 

The very old house, the home of Mr. Caleb Lord, until 
his death, and its larger neighbor, the old Jacob Manning 
house, afford a very fascinating study. Mr. Lord in- 
formed me that this house was owned by his father, 
" Capt. Nat.," and his predecessor was "Deacon Caleb." 
Caleb Lord, Hatter, and Daniel Low, bought it with 
eighteen rods of land in 1751, of Job Harris. Harris 
bought the dwelling, barn, and two and three-fourths 
acres of land of Rev. Jabez Fitch, when he left the pas- 
torate of the Ipswich First Church in 1727 and went to 
Portsmouth. There was at this time but one dwelling on 
this goodly lot of nearly three acres. Harris sold Caleb 
Lord the house, etc., "at the north corner of the home- 
stead," but he resided still in another house on the same 
lot and, in 1770, bequeathed his son John the southerly 
half of his dwelling. The other heirs sold out to John 
in 1772. John Harris sold to the town, in 1705, about 
two acres with the buildings. This purchase was made to 
secure a Poor-house, and considerable changes were made 
then and later to tit it for its new use. Mr. Caleb Lord 
remembers that the door was on the end toward the street. 

When the town purchased the present Poor Farm, this 
property was sold to Jacob Manning, jr., in May, 1818. 


The deed describes it, as the work-house and land, "be- 
ginning at the corner of Nathaniel Lord's land, 12 feet 1 
inch from his shop, on said High street East to land of 

heirs of James Harris deceased, Westerly 5 rods 124 links 
to land this day conveyed to Lord, /. e. wood house and 
turf or peat house, and the pump with the rigging and 

gear thereto belonging, also reserving to John Lord -lib, 
liberty to remove the building called tin* pesl house and 
chimney and underpinning stones." 

This is the large house on the south corner of Manning 
street. I think that Job Harris built it for his new resi- 
dence and then sold the older Fitch house to Caleb Lord. 
This surmise is confirmed by the purchase that Mr. Fitch 
made of about four rods of land on the buck side of his 
house from Francis Young in 1708. It was a piece one 
rod wide from the land or house of Mr. Fitch, and ex- 
tended in a straight line one rod broad to the northerly 
end of his barn or woodhouso. This shows that the Fitch 
house occupied the extreme corner of the lot. This land 
may have been needed for the enlargement that has been 
made on this side. Mr. Fitch bought the house with an 
acre and a half of land of William Payne and his wife 
Mary, the only daughter of William Stewart, deeeased, in 
the year 1704, for £150. In 1719, he enlarged the lot 
by purchasing an acre of Thomas and Alexander Lovell 
fronting on the street and joining his land on the south. 

Stewart bought of Roger Derby, who had removed to 
Salem in 1692. Derby or Darby bought a house and two 
acres of Philip Fowler in 1672, and in 1G52 John Ilassell 
owned a house here. Hassell was the original grantee. 
Again the query arises, who was the builder of the present 
decrepit dwelling? Certainly it was owned by Job Harris 
and there is no reason for doubting Fitch's ownership, or 
even Stewart's. Beyond Stewart, or possibly Derby, I 



do not venture, hut there is no absolute limit, save that it 
is incredible that it was Elassell's original house. 

I wonder if Stewart occupied this house before he 
bought it? If he did, peculiar interest attaches to the 
narrative of John Dunton, a book pedler, who visited 
Ipswich, in the course of his Baddle-bag peregrinations, in 
1685 or 1G86. In any event, the gossipy description of 
the Stewarts will not be unwelcome. Dunton wrote to his 
wife, minutely enough to satisfy her womanly curiosity, 
after this fashion : 

"My Landlady, Mrs. Wilkins, having a sister at Ips- 
wich which she had not seen for a great while, Mrs. Com- 
fort, her daughter (a young gentlewoman equally happy 
in the perfections both of her body and mind), had a 
great desire to see her aunt, having never been at her 
house, nor in that part of the country ; which Philaret 
having a desire to see, and being never backward to 
accomodate the Fair Sex, profers his service to wait upon 
her thither, which was readily accepted by the young- 
lady, who felt herself safe uncle 1 his protection. Nor 
were her parents less willing to trust her with him. All 
things being ready for our ramble, I took my fair one up 
behind me and rid on our way, I and my Fair Fellow 
Traveller to Mr. Steward's whose wife was Mrs. Comfort's 
own Aunt : whose Joy to see her Niece at Ipswich was 
sufficiently Expressed by the Noble Reception we mel 
with and the Treatment we found there ; which far outdid 
whate'er we cou'd have thought. And tho myself was 
but a stranger to them, yet the extraordinary civility and 
respect they shewed me, gave me reason enough to think 
I was very welcome. It was late when we came thither, 
and we were both very weary, which yet would not 
excuse us from the trouble of a xevy splendid supper, 
before I was permitted to go to bed ; which was got ready 


in so short a time as would have made us think, had we 
not known the contrary, that it had been ready provided 
against we came. Though our supper was extraordinary 
yet I had so great a desire to go to bed, as made; it to mc 
a troublesome piece of kindness. Hut this being happily 
over, I took my leave of my Fellow Traveller, and was 
conducted to my apartment by Mrs. Stewart herself, 
whose character I shant attempt to-night, being so weary, 
but reserve till to-morrow morning. Only I must let you 
know that my apartment was so noble and the furniture 
so suitable to it, that I doubt not but even the King him- 
self has oftentimes been contented with a worser lodging. 

"Having reposed my self all night upon a bed of Down, 
I slept so very soundly that the Sun, who lay not on so 
soft a bed as I, had got the start of me, and risen before 
me ; but was so kind however as to make me one of his 
first visits, and to give me the BON jour ; on which I 
straight got up and dressed myself, having a mind to look 
about me and see where I was : and having took a view 
of Ipswich, I found it to be situated b}' a river, whose first 
rise from a Lake or Pond was twenty miles up, breaking 
of its course through a hideous swamp for many miles, a 
a harbor for bears ; it issueth forth into a large bay, where 
they fish for whales, due East over against the Island of 
Sholes, a great place for fishing. The mouth of that river 
is barred. It is a good haven town. Their Meeting 
House or church is built very beautifully. There is a 
store of orchards and gardens about it, and good land for 
Cattel and husbandry. 

" But I remember I promised to give you Mrs. Stewards 
Character, & if I hadn't yet gratitude and justice would 
exact it of me. Her stature is of a middle size, tit for a 
woman. Her face is still the magazine of beauty, whence 
she may fetch artillery enough to Wound a thousand lov- 





ers ; and when she was about 18, perhaps tliere nev« r was 
a face more sweet and charming — nor could it well he 
otherwise, since now at 33, all you call sweet und ravish- 
ing is in her Face; which it is as great a Pleasure to he- 
hold as a perpetual sunshine without any clouds at all ; 
and yet all this sweetness is joined with such attractive 
vertue as draws all to a certain distance and there detains 
them with reverence and admiration, none ever daring to 
approach her nigher, or having power to go farther oil'. 
She's so obliging, courteous and civil as if those qualities 
were only born with her, and rested in her bosom a- their 
centre. Her speech and her Behaviour is so gentle, sweet 
and affable, that whatsoever men may talk of magick there 
in none charms but she. So good a wife she is, she frames 
her nature to her husband's: the hyacinth follows not the 
Sun more willingly, than she her husband's pleasure. Her 
household is her charge. Her care to that makes her hut 
seldom a non-resident. Her pride is to be neat and cleanly, 
and her thirst not to be Prodigal. And to conclude is 
both wise and religious, which makes her all I have said 

"In the next place I suppose yourself will think it rea- 
sonable that unto Mrs. Stewards I should add her husband's 
Character: whose worth and goodness do avcII merit. As 
to his stature tis inclining to tall : and as to his aspect, 
if all the lineaments of a sincere and honest hearted man 
were lost out of the world, they might he all retrieved by 
looking on his face. He's one whose bounty is limited by 
reason, not by ostentation ,- and to make it last he deals 
discreetly ; as we sowc our land not by the sack but by 
the handful. He is so sincere and upright that his word 
and his meaning never shake hands and part, but always 
go together. His mind is always so serene that that 
thunder but rocks him asleep which breaks other men's 


slumbers. His thoughts have an aim as high m heaven, 
tho their residence be in the Valley of an humble heart. 
He is not much given to talk, tho he knows how to do it 
as well as any man. lie loves his friend, and will do 
anything for him except it he to wink at his faults, of 
which he will be always a severe reprover. He is so good 
a husband that he is worthy of the wife he enjoys, and 
would even make a had wife good by his example. 

"Ipswich is a country town not very large, and when a 
stranger arrives, tis quickly known to every one. It is 
no wonder then that the next day after our arrival the 
news of it was carried to Mr. Hubbard, the Minister oi 
the town, who hearing that I was the person that had 
brought over a great Venture of Learning, did me the 
honor of making me a visit at Mr. Steward's, where I lay, 
and afterwards kindly invited me and my fellow traveller 
to his own house, where he was pleased to give us very 
handsome entertainment. His writing of the History of 
Indian Warrs shews him to he a person of good parts and 
understanding. He is a sober, grave and well accom- 
plished man — a good preacher (as all the town affirm, 
for I didn't hear him) and one that lives according to his 

"The next day 1 was for another Ramble in which Mr. 
Steward was pleas'd to accompany me. And the place we 
went to was a town call'd Rowley, lying six miles North- 
East from Ipswich, where most of tho Inhabitants had 
been Clothiers. There was that Day a great Game of 
Foot Ball to he playd, which was the occasion of our 
o-oino- thither : There was another Town that playd against 
them, as is sometimes Common in England : hut they 
played with their bare feet which I thought was very odd : 
but was upon abroad Sandy Shoar free from Stones, which 
made it more easie. Neither were they so apt to trip up 


one aiiothers heels, and quarrel as I have Been em in Kng- 

With this bit of romance, I conclude my present study of 

the old houses of Ipswich. Many more remain to be 
investigated, and unsuspected rewards may await the 
diligent student. In due time I hope every old dwelling 
will have its history carefully written. 

My aim has been not so much to exhaust the field, for 
this is impossible, nor to pronounce final judgments, as 
to illustrate the only sure way of approximating the truth. 
The work must be done cautiously and candidly, with a 
mind open to the truth, however sharp the conflict with 
cherished traditions or deeply seated prejudices. Resort 
must always be made to original documents. Regard must 
be had to inherent probabilities. Results obtained by the 
application of this method may fairly be considered a con- 
tribution to the permanent history of our town. 

The conclusion to which we must come is that many 
houses are not as old as they have been thought ; that 
many substantial houses have passed away ; that the his- 
tory of one house is very easily transferred to another; 
that tradition is very unhistoric ; that definite decision is 
impossible in many cases ; but that, after all allowance is. 
made, a remarkable number of ancient dwellings, still in 
use, were built in the earlier half of the last century, and 
a few remain from the closing decades of the seventeenth 
century, which were built before all the pioneers who 
knew Winthrop, and cleared the wilderness and built the 
town, had passed away. 





Abbey, Joseph, house, . . . . . .55. 56 

(Mr. Wesley K. Bell's old house) 

Appleton, Col. Johu, 47 

(Mr. Geo. D. Wildes's residence) 

Appleton, Joseph, .... 62 

Baker, Joseph, ....... 50 

Baker, Samuel N.,. . . . . . . 53 

Boynton, Warren, ...... 58 

(Ross Tavern) 

Brown, John B., . . . . . . . 77 

Burnham, Daniel S., . . . . . . 08 

Caldwell, John, 76 

Campbell, Chas. A., ...... 39 

Choate, Col. John, ..... 62 

Dana, Rev. Joseph, ..... . 61 

(Mr. Frank T. Goodhue's residence) 

Dean, . 55 

Donnton, Wm., 1- 

Duuton's, John, narrative, . . • 

Fitts, Isaac, ...... .83 

(Souther house) 


INDEX. H. r ) 


Foot-Bridge, ..... . 54 

Foster, Reginald, ....... C« 

(Mr. Dan. S. Burnham's residence) 

Fuller, Nath., 56 

(Mrs. Susan Trow's late residence) 

Goodhue, Frank T., ...... 01 

Howard, Win.,. ....... C7 

Hovey, Daniel, ....... 68 

Jones, Wm., . ....... , r >7 

(Mr. Edward Ready's residence) 

Kinsman, Win., ....... 43 

Lord, Dea. Caleb, ....... 77 

Lord, Jonathan, ....... 57 

Manning, Dr. Joseph, . . . . . . ;~>7 

(Mr. Josiah Staekpole's residence) 

Mill, Garden, 45 

Norton-Cobbett, so called, ..... 69-75 

Norton, Dea. Thus., ...... 58. 59 

Poor, house, High St., . . . . . . 77 

(Jacob Manning house) 

Potter, John, .... . 76 

Potter, Mrs. Rhoda B., ... . 

Proctor, John, ....... 



Ready, Edward, ....... 

Rogers, Hev. Nath.. ...... T< 

(Mr. John B. Brown's residence) 
Ross Tavern, ......•• 53 


1. 45, 5fl 

63, 64 

65, 66 






86 INI) K X . 

Saltonstall, Richard, ..... 
South Burying Ground, ..... 

South Common, ...... 

Souther, Timothy, ..... 

Sparks's Ordinary, ..... 

Stackpole, Josiah, ...... 

Training-field, ...... 

Tread well Tavern, ...... 

(Joseph Baker house) 
Trow, Mrs. Susan, ...... .">6 

Wade, Col. Nath., 60 

Wain wright, Christian, ...... .')l 

Wells, Thos., ........ o.'i 

Whipple, John, ....... 44 

(called the Saltonstall house) 

Wildes, Geo. D 47 

Winthrop, John (so-called), .... titi 

Younglove, Samuel, Senior, . ... 52 


The annual meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society 
was held in the Parish House, Monday evening, Dec. 6, 
and although not so largely attended as it might have been 
it was nevertheless a very enthusiastic gathering. A great 

>J D O O 

deal in the advancement of the Society's interest was ac- 
complished and several new and important lines of work- 

President Waters called the meeting to order and the 
reports of Treasurer J. I. Horton, Secretary John II. 
Cogswell and President Waters, were read and accepted. 
The reports are given in full below. Mr. Waters' paper 
was a valuable historical addition to the society's reports 
and he was warmly commended for the same. 

The purchase of a permanent location in the" Whipple 
House," at railroad square, was talked of, and a com- 
mittee of three, George A. Lord, Fred A. YVilleomh and 
J. 1. Horton, were chosen to inquire into the feasibility 
of the plan. 

The President was instructed to appoint a committee of 
five on membership, to consist in part of ladies. Mr. 
Gates moved that a committee of ladies he chosen in the 
same way to take charge of the rooms on certain after- 
noons in the week. He suggested that in summer particu- 
larly quite an income could be secured by keeping the 
rooms open and charging a small admission fee. 



Proceeding to the election of officers the old hoard was 
reelected us follows : 

President, Rev. T. Frank Waters. 

Vice Presidents, Hon. C. A. Say ward and Hon. Fred 
A. Willeomb. 

Secretary, John IT. Cogswell. 

Corresponding Secretary, Rev. M. II. Gates. 

Treasurer, J. I. Horton. 

Librarian, M. V. B. Perley. 

The question of securing lecturers for the season of 
181)7-8 was discussed, and the chair was instructed to 
select a committee of four to look after this mallei', the 
president to be a member ex officio. Mr. Waters ap- 
pointed Rev. Mr. Gates, Rev. Mr. Constant and Messrs. 
Kavanagh and Hovey. 

It was voted that the reports of the meeting ho printed 
after the usual manner of the Society's publications. These 
reports follow : 


Our Society has assumed for itself a three-fold function : 
that of gathering material for our Historical Exhibition, 
of contributing through its publications to the general 
fund of historical knowledge, and of erecting memorials 
of striking events and distinguished citizens of the olden 

A beginning at least has been made in each department, 
and gratifying growth is seen in the size and variety of 
our exhibit in the room in Odd Fellows' Block. Already 
the floor is well occupied, and the cabinets are comfort- 
ably tilled. Some of the articles given or loaned during 
the past year are of striking interest, and we may count 
ourselves most fortunate in possessing them. Most yen- 


erable of all is the pair of great andirons, with well- 
worn knobs, on which the date 

9 1 6 

is still visible, though the wear of .so many generations 
haw nearly obliterated the upper figures. The smaller 
figures, which now occupy the place of the upper two, 
were stamped some lifty years ago, to preserve the date, 
but the original 1 and 5 are not wholly effaced. Accom- 
panying the andirons are the huge spit some tour feel long, 
and the skewers used in fastening the great roasts securely 
to the spit. These have belonged to successive genera- 
tions of the Shatswell family, and are still owned by 
descendants of that line, Mr. Robert Stone and Colonel 
Shatswell. How much romance attaches to these ancient 
rireirons ! They were hammered out by some blacksmith 
of Old England, while Queen Elizabeth was hunting and 
dancing and coquetting as in her youth, but England hud 
grown serious and Puritanical under the pressure of the 
great Puritan awakening. Spenser's Faerie Queen hud 
delighted the English-speaking world only six years be- 
fore, and three years only had elapsed since the first gleam 
of the great light, that Shakespeare shed, presaged his 
coming glory. John Milton was not born until these 
andirons had done twelve years of humble service in some 
English kitchen, and they were blackened with the soot 
of thirty-two years when John Bunyan saw the light. 
Oliver Cromwell began his grand career as humbly as 
any babe in 1599. The excellent John Winthrop, to 
whom our Commonwealth owes so much, was a boy of 
eiodit when these irons were used for the first time, and 
they had been used ten years when John Winthrop, jr., 
our patron, was born. The Plymouth settlement was far 


in the future. No prophet had dreamed of (his great 
Western empire. How the history of nations and of 
peoples has been wrought and fashioned since, the English 
smith shaped these ancient irons ! 

And with the andirons came an old "box-iron," another 
heirloom of the Shatswells, which may be of equal age. 
Of later date and yet venerable with years, the Shatswell 
spinning wheel claims our regard. This was the maiden 
property of Hannah Bradstreet, of Rowley, the bride of 
Richard Shatswell in 1751. It is a tradition in the family 
that the north end of the present Shatswell mansion was 
built for the home of the young couple, and that when 
the frame was raised, the bride-to-be drove the first pin, 
and had a conspicuous place in the festivities incident to 
the " raising." 

When the Revolutionary war was impending, Richard 
Shatsw r ell was under suspicion of heing a Tory, as the 
story runs. His spirited wife rebelled in her turn against 
the patriotic prohibition of tea. She loved her cup, and 
as she had laid in a plentiful supply while the forbidden 
commodity was still in the market, she continued to use 
it, while every other tea-table contented itself with sonic 
innocent substitute. The town officials waited upon her 
to remonstrate against her unpatriotic indulgence. She 
received them graciously and satisfied them that no trea- 
son lurked in her love of the obnoxious herb. A few 
months later her daughter appeared in meeting on a Sab- 
bath day in anew bonnet of exceptional elegance, which 
provoked another visit from the fathers of the town, but 
the mother convinced them again that nothing savoring of 
toryism dwelt in the gay finery of the damsel. "Two 
years passed away," the family chronicler writes, "and the 
daughter Hannah had found a lover. It was the begin- 
ning of winter. The army had just gone into winter 


quarters and the young suitor was daily expected borne. 

Wishing to appear well in his eyes, the maiden had -pun 
and woven with her own hands a new linen dress from 
flax raised upon the homestead ; and some ribbons lon« 
laid aside had been washed and ironed to trim it. The 
damsel appealed in it at church after her lover's arrival. 
Here was fresh cause of alarm and forthwith on Monday 
morning came the officious committee to protest against 
the extravagance. The old lady's spirit was now aroused. 
"Do you come here," was her well remembered reply, 
" do you come here to take me to task because my daugh- 
ter wore a gown she spun and wove with her own hands? 
Three times have you interfered with my family affairs, 
three times have you come to tell me that my husband 
would be turned out of his office. Now, mark me ! There 
is the door. As yon came in you may go out. But if you 
ever cross my threshold again you shall find that calling 
Hannah Bradstreet a tory will not make her a coward/' 

On this wheel, the tradition is, the; maiden of 7() did 
her spinning and it continued to be indispensable to tin* 
housekeeping of later good dames until all spinning 
wheels rested from their labors and found their heaven of 
rest in the attics of the houses, wherein they had filled an 
honored place in earlier years. 

The quaint old sign of Corporal Foster, that hung many 
years before his hostelry on the old Boston Turnpike in 
Linebrook, is now our property by the kind gift of Mr. 
Fred H. Plouff. In after years it became a gate at the 
entrance to Mr. Edward Plouff's, son-in-law of the Cor- 
poral. While serving this base purpose it was painted to 
match the dwelling, but swung in the wind and rain until 
the ancient lettering again appeared. Old and decrepit, 
bruised and battered, it came at last to our kindly haven, 
but now restored with loving fidelity to its original col- 


oring, it has "renewed its youth like the eagle," and 
clearly as in the day when the Corporal's masterpiece was 
first displayed it declares the two-fold business of the 
smithy and hostelry in its quaint rhyme : 

" I shoe the horse, 
I shoe the ox, 
I carry the tools 
Within my box. 
I make the nails, 
I make the shoe 
And entertain 
Some strangers loo." 

The restored punchbowl again suggests the good cheer 
of the tap-room, and the date, 1806, is wan ant of its 
venerable age. 

Mr. Thomas Edward Roberts has presented us with two 
especially valuable relics. While working in his early 
manhood with his father, the late Thomas Roberts, a ma- 
ter builder, in erecting a business block in Boston on IIiL r li 
street, near Summer, the house near by, occupied by 
Daniel Webster for years, was cleared of its contents 
preliminary to Mr. Webster's removal to Marshfield. The 
major-domo requested Mr. Roberts to help him handle 
sundry large and heavy boxes and bundles, and to requite 
this service he pulled down an engraving of Webster from 
its place on the library wall and gave him, and handed him 
also an old portable desk with the remark, "You will do 
well, young man, if you travel as far as this desk has. Mr. 
Webster always took this with him in his chaise." Desk 
and engraving now adorn our room, and a third Webster 
relic was already in our hands, a fine linen towel, which 
was spun and woven by his mother in the New Hampshire 

A fine old chest with frame of English oak has been 
contributed by Mr. John Sherburne. 


The old Denison Light Infantry flag baa pleasant com- 
pany now in the flintlock musket and bayonet, cartridge 

box and belts, and cap with waving plume, worn by the 
late Asa Kinsman a half century ago, the gift of Gustavus 

The Tread well's island shell heap has yielded other hu- 
man remains for our prehistoric relics, including a skull, 
found in many fragments, which the skill of Dr. Stock- 
well has restored so fur that we can see its general shape, 
and discover the mark of (he two deadly blows which 
brought the relief of death, perhaps, to some long-tortured 

Mr. Richard M. Saltonstall has contributed a sumptuous 
volume of Saltonstall Genealogy, and Mr. Robert C. 
Winthrop has given repeated evidences of his regard in 
the gift of many valuable volumes. Miss Joanna Cald- 
well has deposited a very valuable collection of family 
documents. Many other articles have been deposited in 
our care, and in recognition of the kindness of the do- 
nors, I submit a list of names of all who have contributed 
to our success in this manner. 

The room has been open to the public every Saturday 
afternoon with two or three exceptions during the year. 
Many strangers found their way thither in the vacation 
months, and many of our townspeople, especially the 
children, have come to show their interest. A Visitors' 
Book has been kept, and six hundred and eighty names 
have been recorded. Many have registered more than 
once, but others have made no entry, and this large num- 
ber is a fairly correct indication of the number of visitors 
since Dec. 13, 1896. 

The publications of the Society have been increased by a 
single pamphlet containing the addresses at the dedication 
of the Memorial Tablets and the annual reports. Another 


of larger size will soon be placed in the bands of our 
members. It is a matter of regret lhat the limited funds 
of our Society prevent it from undertaking the work (-1* 
publishing old records and valuable documents, as well as 
original contributions to our local history. 

The marking of historic spots is an inviting work, and 
one that should be accomplished as speedily as possible. 
A generous member of the Society has already signified 
his desire of erecting suitable markers on the site of the 
residence of John Winthrop and that of Ann Bradstreet, 
as soon as the localities shall be determined with reasonable 
probability. Deuison's place of residence is easily iden- 
tified. Elder Paine deserves recognition for his munifi- 
cent gift of the first school house of which we know. 
Deputy Governor Symonds' Argilla firm house was a 
notable place in its day. Its site is accurately known and 
should be marked. A memorial, worthy of Rev. John 
Wise and the brave co-patriots of 1687, should find place 
anions: us. Their resistance to Governor Andros has given 
rise to the legend on our town seal. The town owes them 
a larger debt of gratitude than can be discharged in this 
simple fashion. 

In line with this work, the preservation of old land- 
marks may be included. Many of the most interesting 
old houses have disappeared, and the death-knell of others 
may be sounded ere we are aware of any danger. Our 
town owes no small portion of its great and growing at- 
tractiveness to strangers to its venerable mansions. A 
cultivated young lady, from Detroit, Mich., came here 
during the summer in the course of an historical pilgrim- 
age to towns of historical renown, particularly to those 
with which her own ancestral history was interwoven. 
After seeing our places of interest, and the many old 
houses with lean-to roofs and great chimney-stacks, she 


exclaimed, "I have just visited Plymouth and Concord 

and Lexington and other places, but I have nowhere found 
so many residences of venerable age, and the beauty of 
the town charms me." 

Hezekiah Butterworth, the author of many hooks of 
travel, and romances founded on historic facts, spent a 
few hours in surveying our old landmarks, and as we sat 
on the top of our beautiful Town Hill, after looking at the 
ancient gravestones in the quiet yard, he gazed at the 
splendid landscape and said with much earnestness, M J 
have been amid the mountains of our own land, and among 
the Alps and the Andes, 1 have lived years in Kurope, J 
have seen more sublime views, but I know of no more 
varied and beautiful quiet rural scenery than this.' 1 

One of our old houses, the very oldest in all probabil- 
ity, is fast falling into complete decay, the old Whipple 
house, as I must call it, now owned by Mr. James \Y. 
Bond. In its day it was a grand mansion, and some of its 
rooms are inspiring to-day even in their ruin. Is it not 
worth our while as a Society to purchase it if it be possi- 
ble, and repair and restore it to some semblance of its old 
self? It possesses rare interest as a specimen of the 
architecture of the later 17th century. Dr. Lyon, of 
Hartford, Conn., an expert admirer of olden architec- 
ture, has visited it again and again. The most careless 
sight-seer is impressed with its antiquity. It should be 
rescued from utter ruin for its own intrinsic value. 

But apart from this, our room will soon be too small for 
exhibition purposes. If space were available, it would 
be well used with exhibits of tools and machinery of an- 
tiquated pattern, with cumbrous articles of domestic fur- 
niture, and with many departments of our historical 
collection, in which a beginning should be made. This 
old house, with its hallowed memories, so broad and capa- 


cious, would bo an admirable home for our Society. It 
is a wooden edifice to be sure, but a large vault might he 
constructed for tho most precious heirlooms. W some 

generous and broad-minded friend of the Society and ol 
the town were minded to erect for us a fire-proof building 
of brick or stone, that would be our ideal. But such h 
structure exists as yet only in our dreams. This old man- 
sion is not beyond our reach, and it bus the fine attributes 
of age and size. Once housed within its venerable walls, 
with our collection of andirons, and all the appurtenances 
of the fire-place in their proper places, with kit- lien and 
parlor and chamber supplied with proper furniture, with 
room for many collections, our Society would spring at 
once into conspicuous honor and usefulness. 

Respectfully submitted, 

T. Frank Waters. 


On the evening of December 7, 1896, the annual mee:ing 
of the Historical Society was held at the Society's room 
in the Odd Fellows Building. 

The President gave an interesting review of the work 
of the Society during the year, enumerating the many 
gifts which had been made, and closing with an eulogy on 
Mr. John Perkins who had died during the year. His 
remarks on Mr. Perkins were supplemented by Mr. Nourse, 
who moved that a committee be appointed to draft reso- 
lutions expressing our appreciation of Mr. Perkins as a 
man and a citizen. The committee appointed were J. \V . 
Nourse, T. F. Waters and Joseph I. Horton, who reported 
the following resolution which was unanimously adopted 
by the Society: "The recent departure of our brother 
John Perkins has reminded the Ipswich Historical Society 
of the first loss in its membership, through death. 


"As the name which lie bore was the first name of a 
person written in our town records and has hern associa- 
ted with the town in each generation from its beginning, 
so those virtues that are first in the makiii" of jjood 
citizens, and that give efficiency to all tonus of social 
organization, are found continually illustrated in his life. 
Brother Perkins possessed, in a marked degree, self- 
control, loyalty, brotherly kindness and patriotism. 

"Therefore be it Resolved: That we will cherish the 
quality of citizenship of which he gave us so fine an ex- 
ample ; and, while we lament his departure, we will enter 
this minute upon our records in grateful memory of his 
too brief association with us." 

After listening to the reports of the Treasurer and 
Secretary (which were adopted), the Society proceeded to 
the election of officers for the ensuing year as follows : — 
President T. F. Waters, Vice Presidents lion. Chas. A. 
Sayward and Hon. Frederick Willcomb, Treasurer Joseph 
I. Morton, Corresponding Secretary Milo II. Gates, 
Recording Secretary John 11. Cogswell, Librarian Marcin 
V. B. Perley. 

The Society has had during the past year five lectures : 
the first, by Hon. Robert S. Rantoul of Salem, was given 
in the Parish House January 22, on the " First Cotton 
Mill in America" which he claimed was situated in North 
Beverly near the Old Baker Tavern, and the famous well 
from which Washington drank while on his triumphal 
tour through New England. It has been claimed that the 
First Cotton Mill in America was established by Samuel 
Slater in 1791, at Pawtucket, R. I.; but Mr. Rantoul 
proved by clear and conclusive testimony that a year 
before Mr. Slater set foot in America, doth and corilur<>>/ 
were manufactured at the Mill in North Beverly. Cotton 
at that time could not be obtained in this country but was 



imported from Barbadoes, Surinam and Pornambuco. Mr. 
Rantoul gave a minute description of the Mill and ex- 
hibited a picture of the Mill and it.^ surroundings. The 
building was destroyed by fire in October 1828. At the 
close of the address Mr. Rantoul was given a hearty vote 
of thanks, and the President supplemented the lecture by 
stating that Israel Thorndike, one ol the owner.-, of this 
primitive mill, married the daughter of Dr. Joseph Dana, 
for many years pastor of the South Church in this 

February 8th we again assembled in the Parish House 
to listen to an address from Geo. G. Russell of Salem, on 
Andersonville Prison. Mr. Russell enlisted at the age of 
sixteen and saw many years of fighting and hardship. He 
was taken prisoner May 6, 1864, and confined in Ander- 
sonville, and other rebel prisons. His description of the 
horrors of these " earthly hells " was most thrilling and he 
richly deserved the hearty vote of thanks which he re- 
ceived at the close of his lecture. 

A meeting was called to meet at the Historical rooms 
on April 12th to listen to a paper from Mr. M. V. B. 
Perley on the Linebrook Parish. An important meeting at 
the Town Hall, on that evening, kept many away from the 
meeting and so few were in attendance that it was thought 
best to postpone its delivery until some future time. Mr. 
Perley is a native of that portion of our town, and is 
thoroughly acquainted with his subject. And it is earnestly 
hoped that we may be permitted to listen to the paper 
during the present winter. 

June 8th, we met at the Parish House to listen to an 
address from Mrs. Mary Newbery Adams of Michigan, on 
"The place of Ipswich, in the development of our conn- 
try." Mrs. Adams is a descendant of one of our early 
settlers and is verv much interested in our local history. 


The last, and one of the best lectures the Society has 

yet enjoyed, was given by Rev. Temple Cutler of Glou- 
cester, November 22d, on " Ruf'us Choate." Mr. Cutler 

resided many years in Essex, which enabled him to gather 
from the lips of those well acquainted with Mr. Choate 
very many things which have never been given to the public 
concerning him, and which made the Lecture intensely 
interesting to an Ipswich audience. lie spoke of his love 
of nature, his attachment to bis native town, and especially 
to the lonely island where be was born. The lecture was 
both entertaining and instructive, and we only regret that 
it could not have been heard by many more of our people. 


Ipswich, Mass., Dec. 6, 1897. 
Joseph I. Horton in account with Ipswich Historical Society. 


December G, 1897. 

To balance from 189G 8 4 87 

To amount received for membership dues, donations, etc., 152 20 

Total 157 07 


December 0, 1890. 

By amount paid for rent $100 00 

By amount paid for printing 38 50 

By amount paid janitor ' ;,l) 

By amount paid A. Tenney 

By amount paid J. W. Goodhue 1 Oo 

By amount paid F. U. Wade - 

By amount paid for incidentals 

By balance in National Bank 

Total $157 07 

Respectfully submitted, 

Joseph I. Horton, Treasurer. 



Mrs. James Alfrey, slippers of 
Lady Mumsey. 

Chas. Appleton, Hamilton, two 

D. F. Appleton, ancient Peti- 
tion, 1G58, books and manu- 
scripts, hour glass, sun dial, 
llax wheel, photograph, win- 
nowing fan. 

Frank R. Appleton, map of 
Ipswich, pictures of Ipswich, 

W. Sumnek Appleton, "Ancestry 
of Priscilla Baker." 

Willis L. Augur, Harrison 
badge, 1840. 

James Averill, Salem, specta- 
cles, book, coin. 

John Baker ancient spoon. 

Samuel N. Baker, arm rest and 
baluster rail from old meeting 
house of 1st Parish, shoe 
buckles, papers. 

Mrs. Calvin Bachelder, Major 
Woodbury's cobbling pincers. 

Mrs. Eliz. II. Baker, loan, round 
trunk, ancient plates. 

John E. Blakemore, business 
card of Paul Revere. 

James W. Bond, newspapers. 

Mrs. J. W. Bond, military cap, 
worn by Abraham Lord. 

Warren Boynton, spinning 
wheel, reels, lamp, candle- 


John A. Blake, Dr. Manning*!) 
tooth puller. 

Mrs. E. K. Brown, chair, swift, 

Mus. Chas. W. Brown, piece of 
old elm. 

JoiinB. Brown, loan, tea caddy, 
old account book. 

Allen W. Brown, Hint lock 
musket; canteen. 

Frank Burxham, loan, cup from 
Benedict Arnold house. 

George Caldwell, panel pic- 
ture, Great Neck. 

Joanna Caldwicll, embroidered 
pocket, busk, knitting sheath, 
sickle, china, lamp, gridiron, 
Caldwell deeds. 

Mary T. Caldwell, Roslindalc, 
fire bucket, S. E. Strong, No. 2. 

Sarah Caldwell, pew door, 
spectacles, book. 

Mary L. Chapman, Salem, ser- 
mons, book. 

Philip E. Clarke, almanacs, an- 
cient deeds, llax, linen thread. 

Thomas Condon, notices of 
memorial services, fractional 

Edward Constant, Victoria ju- 
bilee medal. 

Caroline L. Conant, two plates. 

Sherman Cook, watch chain. 

FredG. Cross, family mortar and 



Edwin II. Damon, lock from Har- 
ry Main house. 

Mks. Edwin H. Damon, embroi- 

Lyman II. Daniels, picture of 
ship Boston. 

Frank R. Daniels, loan, Indian 


Mrs. SusanB. Dickinson, Indian 
implements, pewter platter, 
canister; loan, antique chair. 

Mks. Eliza Dodge, hymn book, 
confederate money, candle 
sticks, old Italian paintings. 

Mks. Harry K. Dodge, attach- 
ment, 1721. 

Arthur W. Dow, loan, file of 
Ipswich register and other pa- 

Gko. F. Durgin, souvenir album, 
75th anniversary of Methodist 

H. L. Ellsworth, loan, 60-cent 
fractional currency, copper 

Hamden Fall, loan, MSS. ser- 
mons of Rev. Samuel Cobbett. 

Nath. R. Farley, spontoon, 
Denison Light Infantry. 

Benj. Fewkes, old papers, docu- 

Ang kline A. Foster, wooden 
plate, books. 

Almira P. Foster, cradle, flax- 
comb, tin baker, tin kitchen. 

A. S. Oakland, watchman's hook, 
powder horn, fractional cur- 
rency, newspaper. 

Mrs. Eliz. K. Gray, loan, diplo- 
ma Ipswich female seminary. 

Abby C. Giddings, colored map, 

Mrs. John Gilbert, book. 

Samuel J. Goodhue, fowling 
piece, 1777, Ipswich Custom 
House seal, spoon, spectacles, 


John J. Gould, loan, Bhowshoes. 

Mrs. Geo. II. GltBBN, lire irons, 
china, chest of drawers, sam- 
pler, chair, shovel, trunk. 

Mrs. Samukl Green, town and 
school reports. 

John S. Glovkr, piece of old 
spoon, brick for hearth. 

Joshua B. Grant, newspapers. 

James Grtffing, continental 

F. S. Hammond, Oneida, N. Y., 
almanac, sermons, " Sentences 
of wise men for them that first 
enter to the Latin tongue." 

George Harris, chair, book, 

Mrs. Fred Hart, plate, owned by 
Mrs. Eben Lord, 1783-1S70, old 

George Haskell, Esq., two 
copies Autobiography. 

George Haskell, jr., old bit and 
stock, pamphlets. 

Mrs. Susan Hokbes, coffee mill, 
skillet of last century. 

Sarah Holmes, piece of an an- 
cient quilt; loan, epaulet and 
sash of Captain Holmes, can- 
dle-mould, brass candlesticks. 

Wm. A. Howe, loan, works of 
Wm. Robertson, 8 vols., Lon- 
don, 1791. 

ChaS. Jewett, chairs, cheese 

Ciias. S. Jewett, jug of old pat- 

Clarence A. Jkweit, knife and 
fork; hand made book, loan. 



Missks Jkwbtt, plate, Dr. Man- 
ning's pestle and mortar, Avail 
paper, reports, ete. 

Aaron Kinsman, sabre and pistol, 
part of equipment worn by him 
as a member of the Ipswich 
troop in escorting Gen. Lafay- 
ette into Ipswich, 1824; porrin- 

Bethiah Kinsman, loan, flax 
wheel, foot-stove, documents. 

Gustavus Kinsman, Hint lock 
musket and bayonet, cartridge 
box, belts, cap and plume worn 
by Asa Kinsman as a member of 
Denison Light Infantry, pewter 
plate and mug, tindcrbox, lamp, 
printed documents. 

William F. Kinsman, loan, 
"John Manning his book, 

Rout. S. Kimball, campaign 

Susan Kimball, loan, lace pillow, 
sampler, diploma, piece of cur- 
tain from old South Church. 

Pkklky B. Lakeman, loan, pow- 
der horn, knapsack. 

Mrs. Pkklky B. Lakeman, book 
of pressed flowers. 

George A. Lord, loan, ancient 
family bible. 

Prank H. Loud, loan, records of 
Denison Light Infantry, old 

Lucy S. Lord, picture, Abraham 

James F. Mann, two chairs, 

Manning School, cannon ball, 
lock of Ipswich jail, Indian 
implements, etc. 

John W. Maxhfikld, oil portrait 
of John Wintlirop, jr., N« »\ 
Testament from < lasl <• Thun- 
der, Richmond, Va. 

Joseph Marshall, flinl Lock gun 
and sword. 

Mrs. Jos. M irshall, loan, Brit- 
annia tea-pot. 

Jas. Appleton Morgan, New 
York, autograph copy of " I 
love to think of old Ipswich 

\Vm. J. Murray, Essex, book, 

"200th Anniversary of Essex 

Methuen Hist. Soc, publica- 

Benjamin Newman, Indian imple- 
ments, Continental money. 

Mrs. Harrikt 10. Noyks, lace 
made in Ipswich lace factory, 
.baby-shirt of Jonathan Rich- 
ards 17iK) ; loan, pitcher, minute- 

Henry L. Ordway, shot mould. 

Mrs. Hannah P arsons, Revolu- 
tionary canteen. 

Mrs. Mary S. C. Peabody, pho- 
tograph, Rev. 1). T. Kimball. 

I. E. 15. Perkins, post-offlce 
boxes of Stephen Coburn. 

John I'ERKINS, pewter plates and 
platters, tire bucket, continen- 
tal money, Indian implements, 
list Capt. Dodge's company. 

M. V. B. Pkrley, almanacs and di- 

Augustine II. Plouff, warming 

Mrs. Eowaro Ploukf, picture, 
Geo. Whitciield. drinking jug. 


Fred. II. Plouff, lamp, with Eunice k. Smith, hand Bcrcen, 

bull's eye, tavern sign of Cor- chees»e tongs, Dr. Dana's china 

poral Foster 180G. and ccrtillcate of membership in 

Chas. B. Rice, D.D., autograph Bunker Hill Mon. As^i:, 

of Whittier. mourning badge, pamphlet. 

Jas. E. Richardson, loan, Indian Miss Lucy Smith, confederate 
implements, price-list, 1777, bill- 
fractional currency, picture) John G. Sperling, picture, Rus- 
Rowley Common 1^3'J. sian scene. 

John Roberts, blue glasses. 

Robbkt Stone, lonn, Shatswell 

Thos. Edward Roberts, writing andirons, date g \'.. spinning 

desk used by Daniel Webster, Yv , hccl< l751] , )()X iroll 

and engraving of Webster from Edward Sullivan, button, 

bis library. John E. Tknney, loan, Spriug- 

Timothy Ross, copies of Ipswich Held ritie, ami canteen carried 

Clarion. by iiim in tin- Civil War, brush 

Jacob C. Salt-quo, Indian imple- ancl primer. 

ments. Mrs. .John E. Tennky, loan, 

Mrs. llKNuy Saltonstall, Bos- fc °wel, spun and woven by the 

ton, water color, old Whipple mother of Daniel Webster. 

bouse, often called the Salton- Mu - S - Susan L. Thomas, piece of 

stall bouse. ancient, embroidery. 

Rich. M. Saltonstall, Boston, 11<)N - KoHT - B - Tkwksbury, 

"Sir Richard Saltonstall of Methnen, pamphlet "The Mer- 

New England, Ancestry and De- rimack Valley, 

scendants." Francis II. Wade, wool-cards, 

Angus L. Savory, jar, ploughed Co1 Nath - Wade's Kevolution- 
up in N. R Underbill's land, ary orderly books, Col. Wade's 
wood from witch-bouse, so fu ' e bucket, ancient pocket- 
called, in Salem. hooks. 

Charles A. Sayward, Esq., Misses Wait, flag of Denison 

pistol holster used in Ipswich Light Infantry. 

Troop, lock of old post-office. Mrs. Carisir L. Warner, loan, 

George A. Schofield, newspa- proclamation 1779, Commercial 

pers : pamphlets. Advertiser. 

John T. Sherburn, old family T. Frank Waters, loan, Wash- 
chest, state bank bill, i'^ton pitcher, exhibit from 

Col. Nath. Shatswell, his com- shell-heap in Treadwell's Maud, 

mission as colonel in Civil War, roofing tile, -lass from old 

old documents, ancient spit. Burnham house. 

Edward A. Smith, Salem, fac- Chas. II. Wells, .school readers. 

simile Trumbull's Battle of 

Mrs. Chas. II. Wells, Indian 

Bunker Hill. relics - 



Mns. Lucrktia Whipple, loan, 
glass-mug of Dr. Maiming. 

Harry II. Wildes, loan, Ilam- 
mett trunk. 

Fred. A. Willcomh, canteen, 
Denison Light Infantry, stand- 
ing stool, owned by Win. Oakes, 
calendars, autographs of Jas. 
G. Blaine and Senator Foraker. 

Mrs. W. P. Willett, Orange, N. 
J., plate owned by Mrs. Julia 
1*. Willett, Memoir of Mrs. 
Abigail Waters, picture, fres- 
coes in Sistine Chapel. R. Wilson, cheese press 

chair, Dutch oven. 
Robeiii C.WxntubopJk., Boston, 

autograph letter, John Win- 
throp Jr., July 20, 1634, in- 
ventory of Winthrop's house- 
hold goods, "Evidences of Wln- 
throp of Groton," "Life and 
letters of John Winthrop,*' 
" Speeches and Addresses, K. ('. 
Winthrop," "Memoir of R. C. 
Winthrop," "Washington, Bow- 
doin and Franklin." 



This Society shall be called the Ipswich Historical 



The objects of the Society are to investigate, record and 
perpetuate the history of the town of Ipswich, and to col- 
lect, hold and preserve documents, books, relics and all 
other matter illustrating its history, or that of individuals 
or families identified with it. 


The Society shall be composed of resident, honorary 
and life members ; and all the members shall have the 
right to attend all meetings, and to enjoy full use of the 
historical collections of the Society, subject to the ordinary 
regulations, but the management and disposal of the So- 
ciety's affairs and property, and the right to vote shall 
belong only to resident and life mem hers. 


All members shall be nominated by the Directors and 

shall be elected by ballot at any regular meeting by a 
majority of the votes cast. 


Any member of kindred societies, and any person, who 
has especial interest in the objects of the Society, or who 
has rendered it valuable service, is eligible for honorary 

Every person eleeted an honorary member shall become 
such by signifying acceptance to the Recording Secretary, 

in writing. 


Any donor to the funds of the Society to the amount 
of twenty-five dollars may be elected a life member, and 
shall be exempt from the payment of the annual fee. 





Every resident member shall pay an annual fee of two 
dollars, which shall be due on the first of December, and 
failure to pay this fee tor two years shall forfeit member- 
ship unless the Directors shall direct otherwise. 


An annual meeting for the election of officers shall be 
held on the first Monday of December and regular uncl- 
ing on the first Monday of February, May and October. 
Special meetings may be held on the call of the Directors. 
Due notice of all meetings shall be given by the Record- 
ing Secretary. 


The ollicers of the Society shall be; a President, two 
Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer, a Recording Secretary, a 
corresponding Secretary nnd a Librarian, and they shall 
form collectively a Board of Directors. These officers 
shall be elected by ballot at the animal meeting, and their 
term of otiice shall be for one year from the date of that 
meeting, and until their successors sire elected. Vacan- 
cies in the Board of Directors shall be filled for the re- 
mainder of the year by the remaining Directors. 

The duties of all these officers shall be those usually 
belonging to offices they bold. 

The Directors shall determine the use to he made of 
the income and funds of the Society, shall endeavor to 
promote the especial objects of the Society in such ways 
as may seem most appropriate, shall appoint such com- 
mittees as may seem expedient, and shall have the charge 
and custody of all the property and collections of the 


These by-laws may be amended at any regular meeting 
or the annual meeting, on recommendation of the Direr- 
tors, by a vote of two-thirds of the members present, 
provided that due notice has been given of the proposed 
change at a previous meeting. 








Dedication of the Ancient ' House 





Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, Dec. S, 1898 




flpswtcb: , 

The Independent Press. ( 

To Members and Friends of the Ipswich Historical Society. 

The accompanying financial statement was made at the annual meeting in 
December, 1898. Since that time contributions ami pledges have been made 
sufficient to meet all the arrearages on the House account. 

While we are in the mood it seems very desirable that we should complete 
our undertaking by proceeding at once to raise hinds to purchase the adjoining 
corner. It is now occupied by an old house very unprepossessing in appearance, 
which is only about twenty-rive feet from our property at the nearest point. As 
this narrow passage is used in common, an air of untidinesss is unavoidable, and 
the liability to injury by fire is greatly increased. By removing this house we shall 
secure spacious and beautiful grounds, shaded with large elms, ami enhance the 
picturesqueness and value of our present property very greatly. 

This can be purchased for $1800. Contributions to this fund are earnestly 
solicited. It is hoped that the response made to this appeal will be so quick and 
generous, that we may be able to proceed very soon to secure the property and 
clear it of buildings. 

All communications, enclosures, etc., may be addressed to the President of' 
the Society. The payment of the annual fee of 52.00 is requested at this time 
and may be remitted to the same address. 

President Ipswich Historical Society. 

Home of thk [pswich Historic \l Society 

Ancient Kitchen, Historical Housi 

PVBLU at/oxs <>r the rpswirii 


Dedication of the Ancient House 


Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, Dec. >, 1898 



Upswfcb : 

The Imh imndia i Pri ss. 


At the annual meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society on December 6th, 
1897, the President's Report called the attention of the Society to the ancient 
house near the depot, commonly known as the Saltonstall, as an interesting 
local relict of the remote past, an admirable type of an early style ot" architecture, 
too valuable to be allowed to fall into utter ruin, and an ideal home tor the Society, 
A committee of inspection was appointed, and a thorough examination of the house 
was made. It was found that notwithstanding the decayed condition of the ex- 
terior, the interior was well preserved, and of such phenomenal attractiveness that 
the work of repair and restoration, while extensive and costly, was well worth 
undertaking. The owner, Mr. James \V. Bond, was willing to sell, and the com- 
mittee reported favorably to the project. 

In May, 1898, after some preliminary canvas for funds had been made, the 
Society voted to purchase the property, and a committee of five was appointed to repair 
and restore the house, as it seemed best to them. The work was begun as soon as 
the transfer of the title to the designated trustees was accomplished, and was pushed 
as rapidly as possible through the summer. 

Before it was completed, it seemed best to secure the incorporation of the 
Historical Society. The Charter, and By-Laws of the corporation, a list of mem- 
bers, the proceedings at the dedication, and at the annual meeting, the President's 
report, which discussed at length the history of the old mansion, and the other 
reports then presented are published in full in the following pages. 


Commonwealth of flDaseacbusetts, 

Be it kQOWn, That whereas T. Frank \\ lters, [oseph I. Horton', Charlk; 
A. Sayward, Everard II. Martin, John If. Coc well, [ohn VV. Goodhue, 
Charles W. Kelley, Theodore F. Cogswell, William S. Ru: ell, I 
Heard and John J. Sulli\ \n 

have associated themselves with the intention of forming a corporation under the 
name of Tb>e Ipswich historical Society, h>r the purpose of gathering 
recording of knowledge of the history of Ipswich, and ^\~ individuals and families 
connected with Ipswich, collecting and preserving printed and written manuscripts, 
pamphlets and other matters of historic interest, and collecting articles of historical 
and antiquarian interest, and preserving and furnishing in colonial style, one of the 
ancient dwelling-houses of said Ipswich, and have complied with the pr< . 
the statutes of the Commonwealth in such case made and provided, a.*, appears 
from the certificate of the President, Treasurer and Directors of said corporation, 
duly approved by the Commissioner of Corporations and recorded in this office. 

Nov/, therefore, I> William M., Secretary of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts, DO HEREBY CERTIFY that said T. Frank Water,, Joseph 
I. Horton, Charles A. Sayward, Everard H. Martin, (ohn H. Cogswell, [ohn \V. 
Goodhue, Charles M. Kelley, Theodore F. Cogswell, William S. Russell, John 
Heard and John ). Sullivan, their associates and successors, are legally organized 
and established as and are hereby made an existing corporation under the nan 
The Ipswich historical Society, with powers, rights and privileges, and 
subject to the limitations, duties and restrictions which by law appertain thereto. 

>^^-5^^3^4 Witness mv official signature hereunto subscribed, and the seal of 
5 SEAL § the Commonwealth of Massachusetts hereunto affixed this 

^fgi-S-g:-^:^ twenty-sixth day of October, in the year ol our Lord, one 

thousand eight hundred and ninet\ -eight. 

W M. M. OLIN, 
Secretary of the Con monu 



The objects of the Society arc the gathering and recording of" kn 
the history of Ipswich and of individuals and families connected with said I; swich; 
the collection and preservation of printed and written manuscript.-, pamphlets, an J 
other matters of historic interest, and the collection of articles of historical 
antiquarian interest, and the preservation of and furnishing in colonial stvlc of one 
of the ancient dwelling houses of said Ipswich. 

The annual meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the first Mon- 
day in December of each year, and meetings for literarv and social purposes shall be 
held on the first Monday of February, May and October. All meetings shall be 
called by the directors by a warrant under their hands, addressed to the clci 
the corporation, directing him to give notice of such meeting by sending a notice 
to each member ot the corporation by mail tour days at least before the time ot 
holding such meeting ; which notice shall contain the substance ot the n 
named in said warrant to be acted upon at such meeting. Said warrant shall state 
all the business to be acted upon at such meeting, and no other business shall be 
transacted' at such meeting. Special meetings may be called by the directors in the 
same manner as other meetings. 


Any member of the corporation may present the name oi any per 
membership to the clerk, who shall announce at the next meeting u 
don thereafter the name of .said person so proposed for membership ; a: 
poration may vote to admit said pcison to membership o! tl 


next meeting of said corporation held after the clerk has announced the nam 


Every member shall pay an annual fee of two dollars which shall 
the first day of December, and failure to pay this fee foi ears shall 1 

membership unless said corporation otherwise direct. 


The officers of the corporation shall be a president, two vice presidents, treas- 
urer, clerk, corresponding secretary, librarian and three directors. 

These officers shall be elected by ballot at the annual meeting and their term 
of office shall be for one year from the date of that meeting and until their suc- 
cessors are chosen. Vacancies in any of these offices shall be tilled by the direc- 
tors for the unexpired term. 


The directors shall determine the use to be made of the income and funds of 
the Society ; shall endeavor to promote the special objects of the Society in such 
ways as may seem most appropriate, shall appoint such committee.- as may seem 
expedient and shall have charge and custody ol all propertv and collections of the 


These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting or the annual meeting 
on recommendation of the directors by vote of two-thirds of the members present 
provided that due notice has been given of the proposed change at a previous 


On Wednesday, October 19th, the work of repair and restoration being well 
completed, the Ipswich Historical Society dedicated its new home. The old land- 
mark, known to many as the Saltonstall house, had undergone a wonderful 

transformation without and within. Fresh clapboards and shingles, new wood dex- 
terously inserted in the decayed spots of the ancient beams, diamond paned win- 
dows of the original low and broad shape, and a final coat of dark stain had made 
a very attractive exterior and brought into bold relief the quaint and striking archi- 

Within, the partitions that divided the great rooms into two and even three 
apartments had been removed ; the great h're-places had been restored ; the m 
ceilings had been torn away disclosing the original oak floor joists, and the original 
plastering; the great beams had been scraped and oiled, and the statel) rooms had 
been brought back, so far as possible, to their original dignity. 

In the west room on the lower Moor the library of the Society and its cabinet 
of china and heirlooms have been permancntlv established. A fine oak chest loaned 
by Mr. D. F. Appleton, an ancient piano loaned by Mrs. Charles S. Tuckerman, 
antique chairs, pictures, and two great bronze candelabra contributed to make a 
very pleasing appearance. 

The east room has been furnished as a kitchen. Its capacious fire-place was 
equipped with ancient cooking utensils and made bright and cheer) with a roaring 
fire. Pewter platters and ancient fire-arms adorned the walls. '1 he spinning 
wheels and cheese press and churn were in place, and the fine old hundrcd-l< 
table occupied the center. 

The west chamber was becomingly arranged as a bed room, with a cai 
bed made up with ancient bed furnishings, • old family chests, cradle and lightstand. 
A collection of water color pictures of the old houses of the town loaned I 
artist, Mr. Walter Paris, of Washington, attracted much attention here. 

The great east chamber was reserved for the dedicatory exercises, and despite 
the pouring rain, a notable gathering assembled there. The Essex Institute, ut 
Salem, sent a goodly delegation including the President, \L>n. R. ^. Rani >ul, the 

° . Dl. DIC \TIOiN ] .'II. 

Secretary and Prof. E. S. Morse. The Danvcrs, Beverly, Mcthucn, I 

and Gloucester Historical Societies were re] 

townsfolk were Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray, who wore her 

dress in honor of the occasion, and Mr. Aaron Kinsman, hale ai 

ninety-four, who trained in the [pswich troop when ii : I , I . 

wich August 31, 1824. 

The President called to order and spoke as follows : 

Members of the Ipswich Historical Society, representatives of other Historical 


Ladies and Gentlemen: We are met here today to dedicate to the use 
Historical Society this ancient house. As President Lincoln said at G 
may well feel that we can bring no honor to it by anything that we can sa\ or do 
here. The old home that has sheltered seven generations of men has won for itself 
peculiar sanctity. Within these walls the great events in the drama of life have 
been enacted. There have been births and deaths, weddings and. funerals, the 
sorrows of parting, the joys of home coming, the manifold toil of multitudes. The 
hopes and tears and disappointments of the dwellers within these rooms have filled 
them with tender memories. The whirr ot Polly Crafts' loom seems to sound 
again in this very room, where she gained a slender livelihood Iw weaving 
and coarse fabrics, svinbolic ot the wearing and patient industry which was the most 
conspicuous feature ot the home lite ot the past. 

Jt is a link that binds us to the remote Past and to a solemn and earnest man- 
ner of living, quite in contrast with much in our modern life. How long it is since 
those who planned to build this mansion went up and down the forests to select the 
grand old oaks and stately pines which should be felled to make these beams! How 
much of loving toil was spent before they were shaped and carved and titled! II n 
long the smith forged at his anvil before the nails and hinges were finished! The 
open panel yonder shows how thoroughly they built, filling every space between 
the studs with bricks and clay. Whether it was because they feared Indian assault, 

for fear oi' Indian assault was never wholly absent for many years after these 

stout walls were reared, — and built thus securely, or because they s 

out the biting cold of winter, 1 cannot ailirm, but we must admire the s ili 

their work. 

I am often asked how old the house is. 1 cannot repl\ definitely. V. 
sure John Whipple was living on this spot in 1642 and probabl) in 1638, but 
whether any portion of this building could have been erected within nine 


from the wilderness period is open to serious doubt. h ,bable that the 

oldest portion was built not far from the middle of the seventeenth century. 

How many men of fine quality have come here! John Norton, the 
light of the Ipswich church who went from here in 1655, to become thi - 
pastor of the Old South church in Boston, may have come often. Wc ma) feel 
almost sure that William Hubbard, Pastor, and Historian of the Indian wars, Thos. 
Cobbett, and the famous Rogcrses, and every other of the old time ministers found 
pleasant greeting, for the Whipples and Crockers were a godly race, and remem- 
brance still survives of prayer meetings in good Deacon Crocker's time. 

Gen. Denison in his young manhood dwelt ow the adjoining lot; and in hi- 
maturer years no doubt came to see the old neighbors and friends; and Major - 
uel Appleton, the hero of King Philip's War played here in his boyhood, for his 
father's lands touched these on the west. Symonds and Saltonstall, |ohn Apple- 
ton and his famous co-patriots of 1687, and many another warmed themselves before 
the great fires, and. made themselves comfortable. In later davs the revolutionan 
soldier Col. Hodgkins lived here and died in the parlor below, in a press bed, as 
his granddaughter remembers. 

We have done our best to restore the house to its ancient stvle. We have 
adhered slavishly to the original. These doors and hinges and wooden latches, 
these great fire-places are all of the olden kind. Later hands had rebuilt the lire 
places, and constructed ovens, within their original bounds; but because they were 
built subsequently, we have removed them and gone back n, [he primitive shape. 
These new windows we are sure are of' the same size and in tin- very place occupied 
by the original ; and two old people, who came often to the house in their childh 
remember windows, which had the diamond panes. 

Of relicts we have as you see, not a few. Chief among their, we reckon, on 
this 19th day of October, the anniversary of the surrender of Cornwallis at York- 
town, which is being observed as La Fayette Day up and down our land, the horse- 
pistol and sabre worn by a member of the Ipswich troop in escorting La Fayette to 
town on the 31st of August, 1824, and the tumbler from which the Marquis drank 
at the banquet ; and better than that, we have with us in good health and strength, 
the old soldier himself, who wore these accoutrements on that day, now in his 
ninety-fourth year, Mr. Aaron Kinsman. I want to ask Mr. Kinsman : 
that all may see him, and will all arise to receive him with due honor. 

I will not weary you, however, for I wish to call upon the I'astor of the Obi 
First Church, the successor of Norton and Hubbard and all (he rest, Rev. Mr. 
Constant, to offer prayer, in this room where prayer has been wont to be made s 
many times in the past. 


i)i.nic.\ run -i 

Prayer was then offered by Rev. Mr. Constant. 

The following lines by Air. Samuel R. Bund of Washington, who lived in 
the old house in his boyhood, were read by Mr. [uhn II. ( 

"This ancient house to dedicate w t - ,,,,-. r. 

As our new homo, in this iinh|ii ■ ret real ; 
1<M rin has it stood, two hundred years mul more, 

So staunchly built those ancestors of yore. 
What visions rise, what thoughts our minds invade 

of stalwart men, 'who its foundations laid! 
Laid the foundations of our nation, too,— 

Brave men, who "builded better than they knew." 

Our purpose is in keeping with this i bought ; 

To learn, preserve and treasure whal they wrought, 
To keep alive the spirit of their deeds, 

And hold in lasting memory their meeds. 
If built by Whipple or by Saitonstall, 

(Ian make but little difference after all: 
The type for which it stands is si ill i !,,• same, 

And character survives without a name. 

The dedicatory address was then delivered by Rev. [ohn C. Kim! all, of 
Hartford, Conn., who was introduced as "another boy of the neighborhood." IL 
spoke as follows: — 

What constitutes the value of an old house like this that we have met here to- 
day to dedicate to a continued existence, and why should the people or" [pswich and 
elsewhere be asked to contribute their money and their sympath) to its restoration 
and preservation? Why not let it go on to completed ruin, and use our money to 
put up a new, modern, stylish building which would be architecturally an orna- 
ment to the town and have spacious and convenient rooms tor the uses of our His- 
torical Society? Is not a return of dust to dust the law of nature with regard to all 
old things, — old plants, old animals, old men, old institutions, and even old relig- 
ions? And is not what we are doing to this old building something which is 
counter alike to nature and to plain business common sense? In one or ^Voit's 
novels is an antiquarian, a clergyman, if I remember correctly, who spends a good 
deal of time and research in the recovery ot an old drinking Ming not over moral in 
its tone, which belonged to a past age, and is greatly delighted with his su< 
Whereupon a friend of his in the plainer walks ot lite, seeing his delight in such 
things, offers to procure for him at a very slight cost half a dozen fresh drinking 
songs that rollicking young blades ot his own time were then singing at the \; 
ale-house, and is greatly surprised at his apparent inconsistency when with a . 
deal of disgust and horror he declines the offer. So it the parishioners and t:. 
of our brother Waters or of any one else among us, should otfer to build he 

1)1.1)11 .\T()K\ i \| i i i ; . 

I 1 

brand new house to live in of exactly the same pattern as this old one, low i i Idcd, 
big beamed, narrow stairwayed, open fire-placed, huge chimneyed, lacki 
rightness of" walls, and, judged by the modern standard, in various ways arc! 
rurally immoral, 1 doubt not he would shrink from the offer with equal di n 
And such being the case, where is the consisted \ of our dclighi wirh this one that 
is not new? What the merit ofoldncss iu a building, when vvhai we wani in our- 
selves and in so many other things is youth, young ministers, young chickens, 
young wives and the like? These are questions, as I understand the matter, that 
the people of Ipswich wish answered as the condition of their giviu- their sympa- 
thy and support to the work in which our Historical Society has here been en- 
gaged. What is the answer? 

The answer is first of all that such old things help to that which is the great end 

of" all buildings, all food, all clothing, all toil, all money -spending, help lis the 

more largely to live. To live at all, at least in this world, we have got to live in 
time, and to live largely have got to have something more to live on that what we 
eat and drink. Time, however, i> threefold, not the present alone, but the future 
and the past, and needs for living in all of it three different sets of faculties and 
kinds of nutriment. We live in the present with our senses and our immediate per- 
ceptions and affections; and the whole existing world as it is around us today sup- 
plies its objects. We live in the future with our hopes, aspirations, plans; and 
that promising of something better than that which we have now, which all nature 
is full of, yea, is in the very meaning of the word nature, our own imagina i 
"bodying forth the form of things unknown," and beyond all these, our religion 
reaching out into the vast eternal years, they afford its food. 

But even these are not all of life. To have its utmost fulness we must like- 
wise live in the past. And to live this part of" lite we have memory, the memory 
of ourselves and the memory of our race. In some respects it is one of the most 
important faculties of the human soul, the one on which psychological! v a whole 
group of other faculties depend, the one without which it is doubtful whether we 
could be rational, moral, self-conscious human beings. lint even apart from the 
deeper mental uses ot memory, how much it adds to the richness and amount of 
our actual living. It reaches back into our youth, and in spite of wrinkles and 
years keeps a part of us forever young. It reaches back among our friends, and in 
spite of death and the grave keeps something about them forever alive. 1: reaches 
back with our race through the ages, and in spite of distance and decdv gives us 
the fellowship of' its heroes and saints and sages and the accumulating treasure- of 
its wisdom and knowledge. Campbell has sung for us, "The Pleasures of II ." 
Rogers with equal grace "The Pleasures of Memory." The pleasures of memor) 


arc not so brilliant and free from pain as those ol hope. But the) have this ad- 
vantage, they arc more solid and real, ami arc of a kind in which their im 
source can be assisted and strengthened by actual outward thinj . , pic- 

tures, monuments and relics of the past. 

Jt is this tact that suggesc-s the value of this old h .u: .• and of all thai oui I 1. - 
torieal Society is doing. It vivifies and strengthens memory, ena i live 

more richly in past time, stretches our existence from seventy and eights to over 
two hundred years, brings us into touch again with our ancestors and the lathers 
of the town, and without asking lis to desert with oar bodily senses our nice mod- 
ern dwellings, opens to us a door through which to live with our minds among 
the furniture, within the walls and under the customs oi our countn 's •'.w off youth. 
My sister, whose dwelling is the next house East of this, tell.-, me that a ser- 
vant of hers, a queer old lady endowed apparently with the facult) of" seeing per- 
sons and things invisible to common eyes, though uneducated and entirely ignorant 
ot the controversy about the building's original ownership, would say sometimes as 
she looked over here, that she saw sitting at the window a state!)' dame "verv dif- 
ferent in quality from common folks/' arrayed in a cap and style of die.-, width, 
as she described them, correspond very nearly with those ot' our Puritan age. It 
her second-sight can be relied upon, it is not without its bearing on the Saltonstall 
ownership, and it may be well for those who have taken that side and want an 
evidence which will offset wills and deeds to interview the old lady. 

But whether her vision was real or not, our historic memory looking in 
through the windows of the place with eyes equally wonderful and helped In its 
actual walls, can see it filled with the stately men and women of other days, can 
ive with them their lives, think with them their thoughts, feel with them their as- 
pirations. And there is nothing in such visions to nuke our hair rise and our flesh 
creep, nothing which is not as sweet and pleasant as it is to meet the good elderly 
people yet in their flesh who are here today. 

Oh marvellous power of association! Oh strange gift of material things, dcul, 
speechless, mindless themselves, to call out of its grave the Lazarus or" the past, to 
unbar the gates of the years and the ages for us to walk again their re-illuminated 
aisles, to press afresh to our inner lips the wine of joys that time has dried up, and 
out of spirit worlds to bring for communion with us once more our loved and lost, 
their touch, their words, their looks, their love. Do not accuse me ot indulging in 
mere fancy to give this house an unreal value or such as only sentimentalists can 
feel. There is not one of you here, not the most prosaic tact worshipper, who does 
not have some relic of the past which unlocks tor him treasures that banks cannot 
hold or figures express; not a childless mother who has not a ribbon or trinket or 

DEDICA I ORY I v I im i i . j j 

little shoe, which a form seen of no outward eye come, back again an I again to 
wear; not a widowed lover who has not a ring or coin or lock of liair, which, Sun 
day eves or week-day holy hours, doe., noi rekindle all the old affection; not a 
scholar in whose library there are not books on wh ise pages are pici . encil 

ever drew, and between whose lines records no type ever made. What would 
Rome be without its ruins? What Greece, without its tombs? What Palestine, 
without its Nazareth? What America, without its Bunker Hill and Gettysburg? 
Who shall say it is mere fancy which give.-, them their value? It is their power o 
making lor us the past alive and making us live in the past. In every soul is a 
Witch of Endor; in every land places from which its Samuels obey her summ 
And it is out oi what is so precious in our individual experience, and out of what 
everywhere gives the world so large a part of its wealth, that comes to fpswich the 
value oi this ancient house. 

As regards the objection against its preservation that it is the law of nature 
that all things shall decay and that to keep it from doing so is going counter there- 
to, if is to be answered that such is only a part of nature's law . Even outward 
nature with all its destructiveness is likewise very largely a preserver. What is 
our whole earth beneath its surface but a grand old house? W hat are its coal mines, 
its minerals, its rocks, its fossil animals and plants but the relics stored in it b) a 
historical society ages older than any human one? And without such stores what 
would our manufactures, our agriculture, our travel, our science be? 

More wonderful still, our own living bodies and souls, those not only of de- 
crepit men, but oi' every new-born babe, are now known under the revelations of 
heredity to be old houses filled with relics of the immeasurable past — physical or- 
gans and traits of mind and soul which have come down from ages older than his- 
tory, and, according to Darwin, from ages older than man. As Holmes has ex- 
pressed it, "Live folks are only dead folks warmed over" — only ancestral nomes 
with the ancient mould and plaster scraped off, and the original oak beams re- 
touched with today's fresh varnish. So that after all in preserving this old build- 
ing we are only following Nature's own example — that Nature which through 
Emerson has sung, — 

"No ray is dimmed, no atom worn, 

My oldest tone is good as new, 
And the fresh roac on yonder thorn 

Give, hack the hen led heavens in dew. 

Ipswich is fortunate in having so many relics of the past, especially so man) 
old houses. Rightly viewed they are the most precious of all its outward posses- 
sions. Any town which has money can build new houses, in new styles, an. I 
with all the modern conveniences. The country is full of them. But no mone) 


no skill,. no enthusiasm can build antiquity, | ui up new edifices thai arc two hun- 
dred years old. They are the dowry to u , of time. Aula, such wl 
than spendthrifts should we he to hand them over to deca\ 
medieval monks who erased the precious poetry of classic Greece and 

write on parchments beneath it their own trivial subtlcti 

There is no inconsistency between regard for ancient things, and pros] i rity in 
the treasures of our modern life. Rather, the two things natural) :thcr. 

Savages have no interest in the past. It is only civilized human being 
history and preserve ancient memorials. Socictj is like a tree. It cannoi flourish 
with its trunk resting only on the present'., surface. It must, to bear :. 
roots which go down into the soil of the past, and limbs which lift theilfeclvt 
the airs of the far off future. Out in Oregon 1 knew of a man who tried to clear 
up his farm by burning up all its dead trees and accumulated mould. When he 
had done so, he found he had only a gravel bed left. 1 knew of another man 
there who in clearing up his farm preserved its mould and decayed trees and of' 
new products he had not only thirty and sixty, but a hundred and two hundred 
told. Which farmer, even in the pursuit of material prosperity, had Ipswich bet- 
ter follow? 

Along with its old buildings there is one other thing in which .mr town i> cs 
pecially fortunate, and that is in having among its citizens a man endowed, as Mr. 
Waters is, with the knowledge, the enthusiasm, the good taste ami the immca ara- 
ble patience which qualify him to be a leader in their preservation, a man v, 
not a mere Dr. Dryasdust picking up alike pebbles and pearls that are old, but one 
with the insight which has been quick to discern the original values to which the 
years have added their interest. 

1 know a little in my own experience how difficult it is to enlist the sympa- 
thy even of one's friends in such an enterprise as the restoration of this building has 
been. 1 have an oldish ancestral house of my own in town that I have a tender- 
ness for and which I like to keep clothed in such a garb as is needed to give ace 
respectability. But there is a most excellent lady in my family who finds it hard 
to share in such a tenderness. She thinks it is my most expensive vice, says 
laughingly that so far as ribbons and new bonnets are concerned she would be bet- 
ter off with a husband who had half a dozen ordinary marital iniquities such a> ci- 
gar smoking in her room, muddy boots on the parlor floor, praising his mother's 
bread above hers, admiring other women and even staying out late at night, than 
one whose sinfulness takes the form of a wayward passion tor old h 

I do not know whether the better half of" Brother Waters has the same opinion 
of her husband's antiquity morals, or the same suffering as its result in the 1:. 

\ I l< I I I • . 

ribbons and bonnets. But I do know there arc some exccllcnc in 

town's municipal family who, seeing what he has been engaged in, I 

doubts raised about his intellectual uprightness, and who would hardl) 

perplexed and more parsimonious in their contributions to it of 1 

been engaged in building a nice dancing hall, or a spacious race course, or even an 

elegant drinking saloon. 

Nevertheless in the face of all this indifference and coldness he has gone 
straight ahead putting int.; it his time, his money, his faculty, hi, g, re, lib 

unrivalled taste, and his own personal hand-work. *I do noi I the aid he ha: 

received from his genial fellow member., of the Historical Societ\ and from a tew 
large minded friends at home and abroad. Hut all will testify thai withuui 
leadership the work would never have been done or even started. The tril in 
the lady, a stranger, visiting the place awhile a^j.,, and rinding him hard ai work, 
yet readv politely to answer all her questions, "I met there a vcr\ intelligent paint- 
er," was how well deserved. And whatever other name, the place ma ; :ar a, t< 
its original builders and occupants, we are glad to think that i; will .Maud, if' not at 
once, yet in the long coming year.-,, as the memorial also of' the man who has s< 
self-sacrilicingly and so modestly given himself to its preservation. 

Recognizing thus the value of this old house and of the work which I. a 
put into it, we dedicate it to the memories of the past, to the uses of our Histori- 
cal Society and to such mementoes of ancient Ipswich life as .-dull from time to 
time be gathered within its rooms. In doing so, we feel that we place 
side of the town's venerable hills and river and ocean shore a., one of its ornaments; 
alongside its schools and its public library as one of its educational institutions: 
alongside its markets and workshops and factories a., adding to ir a weal:!: liner than 
gold; and alongside its churches and homes as co-operating ritl) with him who 
compared the kingdom oi Heaven to a man who out of hi. treasury brought forth 
new and old and who himself came to mankind that they might have life and have 
it more abundantly. May the interest and support of the town's citizens 1 e gath- 
ered into it more and more; and as they, too, shall grow old, may it be to them 
an emblem of the beauty, the dignity and of the treasures out of' the pasi that our 
human old age may have, and a reminder of that other house, older than all time, 
not made with hands, eternal in the heavens, within which we all at last hope to 
be gathered. 

Hon. Robert S. Rantoul of Salem, President of the Essex Institute, made a 
few congratulatory remarks, and was followed by Prof. Edward S. Morse, with a 
bright address, full of wit and wisdom. Mr. James Appleton Morgan ■ West- 
field, N. J., author of the well-known poem, "1 love to think of old Ipswich town" 


spoke with much feeling of his Appleton ancestry, and predicted wide 
enduring tame tor the ancient house in its new role as the home or' the Historical 
Society. The company then adjourned to the great 1. in Inn, where tea was served 
by the ladies and great good cheer prevailed. 

Beside the liberal delegation from the Essex Institute which had arranged a 
field meeting in town tor the earlier portion of the day, Col. David bow, presi- 
dent of the Gloucester Historical Society, Chas. Woodberry, vice-president of the 
Beverly Historical Society, John Prince, president of the Essex Historical Society, 
and Mr. Rufus Choate of the same Society, Andrew Nichols of the Dan vers 
Historical Society and representative of the Methuen Historical Socict) were 
also present. 


The first annual meeting of" the corporation was held at the house on Winter 
street on December first, 1898 at 8 p. m. 

The following officers were elected by ballot: President, T. Frank Waters; 
vice presidents, John Heard, Frederic Willcomb; clerk, [ohn VV. Goodhue; treas- 
urer, Joseph I. Horton; directors, Charles A. Sayward, Everard II. Martin, fohn 
H. Cogswell; corresponding secretary, John H. Cogswell; librarian, [ohn |. Sulli- 

The following amendment to the Constitution was adopted: 

"Any person not a resident of' Ipswich, who has contributed or mav contri- 
bute five dollars to the Society may be elected an honorary member of" the cor- 
poration, and shall be entitled to all the privileges of the Society except that of 
voting at its meetings." The report of the president was read and accepted. 

The report of the treasurer was read and accepted. 


At the last annual meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society, the project 01 
purchasing the ancient Whipple House and fitting it for the use of the Societ\ , was 
considered, and a committee was chosen "to inquire into the feasibility of the plan." 
No words of mine are needed to tell in detail the result of their deliberation.-,. To- 
night we meet under its ancient roof. The title deeds are held by our Society as a 
corporate body. The work of repair and restoration is complete. Our collec- 
tions are arranged in these great rooms. With becoming enthusiasm our mansion 
has been formally dedicated to its new and honorable use as an historic landmark, 
and the home of the Society. Already the fame of this ancient building has gone 
abroad. Many strangers have come to see it and the unanimous verdict is, that the 
house is of extraordinary intrinsic value, and that our Society is most fortunate in 
securing possession. 


The house now occupied by the 

Ipswich Historical Society was once 

the home of Col. Hodgkins. 



I < 

As a specimen of seventeenth eeniur\ architecture, this hi 
just pride. The size and qualit) of these superb oak beams, their I i*hcd 

moulded edges, the substantial oak floor joists, die great posts with theii escutcheons 
so laboriously wrought, the noble size of these tour great rooms, proclaim thai this 
was a home of wealth and refinement, and nuke it easy for us to believe that it ivas 
the finest mansion of. the town. Many ancient houses have disappeared, I 
most tenacious memory of" the oldest inhabitant cannot recall such strength an ! elab- 
orate finish as we find here. So far as 1 am familiar with the oldest house: 
remaining, none can compare with this for a moment. 

The question of its age is constantly raised, by town-folk and stranger alike. 
The other question of its ownership is still vigorously argued. 1 think 1 can do no 
better service at this time than tell the story as I have been able u> discover it, by 
long and careful and repeated research. 

Many remember Mr. Abraham Bond, the father of Mr. fas. VV. Bond, from 
whom our Society purchased the property. He bought the house and about an 
acre of land of Caleb K. Moore, October 7, 1841 [Essex Co. Deeds, $27:157."] 
and made his home here tor the remainder of" his lite. Mr. fames \V. I! md re- 
members that in his boyhood, the floor joists were exposed as we see them now, 
but fashion decreed that a more modern style was to be preferred, and vandal 
hands chipped and hacked the venerable timbers, nailed laths upon them, 
and covered them from sight with very commonplace plastering. The old. tire- 
place in the kitchen in the leanto was bricked up within his remembrance, and the 
latest addition on the northwest corner was built. 

Mr. Moore had purchased the house with an acre and eleven rods o\ land 
from Mr. Nathaniel Wade and others, heirs of the estate of Col. Joseph Hodgkins, 
in 1833, October 31st [Essex Co. Deeds, 271:164]. This was only half of the 
Hodgkins estate, however, and on Aug. 11, 1841, the heirs sold the balance of the 
property, measuring an acre and eleven rods, to James Estcs. As the ^\jl\\ de- 
scribes it, this piece of land extended down Winter street, to the barn and land o* 
Joseph Farley, now occupied by the buildings of the Ipswich Mill, followed the 
line of the Farley land to the river, extended along the river bank to the Samuel 
Wade propeny, and followed this line to Moore's boundary line. The Hodgkins 
property thus extended from the main road to Topsfield to the river, and meaa ired 
two acres and twenty-two rods. [Essex Co. Deeds, 326:215.] 

Col. Hodgkins had married for his third wife, Mrs. Lydia Trcadwell, relict of 
Elisha Treadwell and daughter of Dea. John Crocker. Her brother, Joseph, at his 
death owned and occupied the house, and the other heirs sold their interest to her' 
husband. The original deed of sale, bearing date of May 16th, 1813, is before 


me as I write, conveying to Col. Hodgkins five-sixths of the estate for 5750. One 
chamber was reserved to the unmarried sister, Elizabeth Crocker, who occupied it 

by the express provision of her father's will drawn in [804. The deed still re- 
serves to Elizabeth -the great chamber in the wesi end oi , priv- 
ilege of going in and out at the front door, and a right to use the ty and 
stairs in common, and a right to bake in the oven in the north-easterly room, 

to and from the well, and a privilege in the cellar to put and keep so much < I 
vegetables and other necessaries sufficient tor her own use, also libcri 
repass to and from the yard at the southwest end of said house, and u> keep therein 
the wood for her own use, said reservations to continue so long as ..he shall remain 
single and unmarried, as expressed in the last will and testament of said |ohn 
Crocker deceased." Miss Sarah Wade, the granddaughter of Col. Hodgkins, is 
very sure that he did not take up his residence in the old mansion until 1S1S, and 
she tells me that her father built on the pantry, which now serve.-, as the hallw 
the caretaker's tenement, in that year, to increase the convenience of that portion of 
the house. Miss Wade, then a smart slip of a nine-year-old girl, was often at the 
house and has vivid recollection of her honored grandfather and his home. IE was 
then 75 years old, with thin hair which was gathered into a queue, a verv tall 
man with strongly marked Roman nose. How the venerable soldier musi have 
• bowed himself under these low doorways! His residence gives much character to 
our mansion. He had served as lieutenant in the Ipswich Company of Minute 
Men at Bunker Hill, and had fought at the battles on Long Island, at Harlem 
Heights, White Plains and Princeton, and was at Burgoyne's surrender at Sar.< 
To his last days, he would have his pewter plate, which was kept with the platters 
on a high shelfin the kitchen. The dark passage-way from the kitchen to the bed- 
room served as a cheese room. The room we have occupied as our kitchen was 
the parlor, and the only carpet in the house covered the floor. Some roundabout 
chairs, and a pair of great brass andirons were included in the parlor furnishings, 
and a quaint colored English print of the Countess of Suffolk's house near Twicken- 
ham, published in 1749, hung on the wall, and is now owned by Miss Wade. 
The west room was the family sitting room, and in this room the old Revolution- 
ary soldier died, lying in an old press bed in the center of the room on Sept. 2^, 

Upstairs Miss Polly Crafts made her home in the East chamber, and worked 
at her loom, weaving. Through these rooms, the lively young Sarah roamed, 
turning over the hour-glasses, peering into the great fireplaces and looking up their 
black throats to see the stars, and scampering down across the garden to the old 
malt-house, on the site of the mill storehouse, to pick the wild roses that bloomed 


2 I 

there in profusion. She slept in the little bedroom that opened from the 
Lower Room, the night her grandfather died; and she rememl ers distincil 
window in that room was diamond panel and opened like a door. Hci broi 
Mr. Francis IT. Wade remembers a window of the ame style in the from . 
end. Following this clew, we have made all our windows with diamoi 

Mrs. Hodgkins, as was said, was the daughter of Dca. John Crocker. That 
excellent man disposed of his worldly goods in his will a., follows: 

In the name of God Amen. I John Crocker of [pswich in the County of 

Essex as to my worldly goods and crate, [I ] give, demise and dispose 

of the same as follows — viz. 

Imprimis. 1 give and devise to my son Joseph his heirs & assigns forever, 
my malt house and about one acre of land adjoining with the well and drane lead- 
ing to said malt house, also a desk thai hi., mother brought to me when 

we were married. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth, the great Chamber in 
the west end or my dwelling house so long as she shall remain single and unmar- 
ried. 1 also give her a case of drawers and a chest with two drawer;, which was 
her mother's. I also give and bequeath to my said daughter, Eliz. one cow and 
two sheep, such as she shall choose, to be winterd and summerd for her by my son 
John, and also sixty dollars in money. Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter 
Mehitabel Appleton, sixty dollars in money. Item. 1 give to my son-in-law- 
Thomas Appleton a note of hand I have against him dated April z8, 1795. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Lydia Treadwell, sixty dollars in 
money Item. 1 give to my grandson Thomas Wade and Samuel Wade thirty dol- 
lars each. Item. 1 give and bequeath to my grand daughters "Mary Waldron and 
Abigail Waldron, thirty dollars each. Item I give and bequeath to mj son-in-law, 
Edw r ard Waldron, at my decease, my great Bible. Item. I give and bequeath to 
my daughter Elizabeth, one feather bed and bedding which her mother brought to 
me, when I married her. Item. 1 give and bequeath to my three daughters and 
to my grand-children, children of my Daughters, Mary and Hannah, deceased, the 
whole of my household goods (excepting my silver tankard ) to be equally d\^ 
between them. 

I give to my daughters aforenamed and my aforesaid grandchildren, at m\ 
decease, all my books to be divided in same manner as 1 have ordered im house- 
hold goods to be divided. Item. I give and devise to my son Joseph and to my 
daughter Elizabeth, and to their heirs and assigns in equal shares, my Pew in the 
South Meeting House in this town. Item. I give to my sons John and. Joseph all 
my wearing apparel and farming utensils to be equally divided be: ween them. 



Item. I give and devise to my son John and to his heir, and assigns forever all my 

buildings and lands, excepting such pari of my buildings and land, as I have 
given to my son Joseph and my daughter Elizabeth. [tern. I give and becj 
to my said son, all my stock of cattle and sheep, all my notes of hand, my silver 
Tankard, an « all the rest and residue of my estate. 
May 3, 1804. 

[Essex Co. Probate Records 374:9:10.] 

An inventory and appraisement of" the estate of Deacon fohn Crocker late ol 
Ipswich. [Probate Records 374. : 81.] 

In the West lower room 
a clock £16 1 looks glass ^8 one desk $c 
a settee £3 black walnut table 4 foot, $2.50 
writing desk $1 small round table s>> light stand 30 cts 

stands candlestk 1.25 
one great chair and 6 small ditto viol back S3. 50 1 round tabic Si. 25 

one small chair turkey worked 33cts hand iron, shovel & tongs S2.50 
one feather bed, bolster and pillows $zt;, bedstead sacking bottom S2 
curtains $1.50 3 blankets $4. 50 calico quilt $2 
tea salver $1.25 great Bible 54 other boob & paphts s^.oo 
2 pair small scales & weights 80 cts hearth brush 25c 1.0c 

Westerly bed room. 1 bed, bolster & pillows £27 undei bed 

& bedstead S 2 -75 20. ~ " 

2 blankets £2 2 do S3 1 bed quilt S2 1 coverlet $2 13 pr 

sheets $ 2 2. 7 5 3 1-75 

10 pair pillow cases $3.07 table cloths $4.7 5 1 2 napkins $1.75 0.50 

East room 3 leathd chairs $1.50 round chair L Sc cushion £1 2.50 

four old chairs 67 cts, small looking glass $1 [.67 

pair small handirons 5oct small table 1 2 ct 62 

East bed room. underbed, bedstead & cord $1.25 3 coverlets $3.75 5.00 

two blankets $2 1 pair sheets £2 linen wheel & reel Si 5.00 

tinpail 33 cts scales & weights 50 cts wearing apparel S25 z 5-%3 

32 ounces silver plate $32.42 halt dozen teaspoons S 2 -5° >4-^ 2 

1 pair shoe & knee buckles S3 set gold buttons $3. 50 6. ^o 

West chamber. 1 case drawers $1.50 one ditto faneerd S7 8.50 

six leath'd chairs $2.50 one great ditto $3, small cane backd £1 6.50 






5 ■> 


7 5 



2 5 




1 1 


ANMJAI. Ml I TIN. . PR i | D | ■. 

bed, holster & pillows $22 under bed, bedstead & or J s 
curtains & valions 53 one pair sheets $2.50 

25. , 

one blanket $1.50 coverlet $1 bed quilt S2.00 

small pair hand irons 50 cts 1 maple [able $1 small looking glai .25 

In the East chamber. 1 bed, bolster, & 1 pillow 525, under bed, 
bed std c\: cord $2.50 
3 blankets $3.2*5 three bed quilts 54 
square oak table 50 cts. old chest and fire screen 7^ ct 
flaxcomb $1. iron-jack 75c 

In the kitchen 1 brass kettle 53 one brass pan £2 
Pewter $9, handirons $2.50 shovel & tongs £1 
gridiron 50 cts candlesticks 50 toasting iron 50 
1 pr brass candlesticks gl iron and tin ware £6 
bell metal skillet 30 cts brass skillet Si 
tin ware $1.75 warming pan ;Si.oo pr bellows 25 ct 
earthen ware & glass bottles £2 case with bottles £1.50 
crockery ware & glass ditto $3 3 tables S'-75 
a mortar 2 coffee mills flesh fork, skimer and skewers 
3 iron bread pans $1 3 chests $1.50 meal chest 50 ^ <cc 

kitchen chairs $1.50 old cask & tubs S2.50 50 lb. salt pork 58 12.0a 

cheese press $1.25 two spits $1.25 pails si 




1 2. 50 


7. CO 


3- 5° 

4-7 5 
2. oc 

•>' ) 

Inventory of estate of Joseph Crocker, maltster: 

House and barn and malt-house, with other buildings & land 900.00 

I blue coat s3-°° ' °lue surtout coat S 2 -5° ' blue grate coat $3.50 9.00 
1 black waist coat $1 2 green waist coats S' 2 pair small cloths woolen 

and drawers £2 4.00 

I pair kersey meer small cloths 50 cts 1 pair nankin jacket and breeches $1 1.50 
1 pair cotton and linen trousers $1. 8 shirts $6.50 8 pair of" hose $3.50 1 1.0c 

1 pair leather gloves 12 cts. 2 silk and one linen handkerchief g 1 . ~ 5 1.87 
3 pr. old trowsers 75 cts 2 frocks £1. 2 pair of boots $3.75 2 pair 

of shoes $1.50 7.00 

2 felt hats 60 cts. 1 gun, bayonet & snap sack and cartridge box $5 5.60 
1 gun & cartridge box, and 2 powder horns S 2 hve hare cleaned 60 cts Z.60 

John Crocker disposed of this property to his brother Joseph, though 1 find no 

record of the transaction, as Joseph's heirs sold to Col. Hodgkins. Hut in 


ii'i IDEM 

the return of the administrator of Joseph Crocker, in March l8l 4l v. 

the * items 

"five sixths of dwelling house and land .sold to Jose] 1. Hodgkina Esq. 

"to paid John Crocker g 

Deacon John received the estate by inheritance Iron, hi- father, Benjamin 
Crocker, a man of excellent quality. He was graduated from Harvard College in 
1713, was Representative in 1726, 1734, 1736, taught the Grammar 
many years, and often preached. He made his will after the pious fashi 
day and devised his property as follows: 


In the name of God, Amen. April 9, 1766. 

I Benjamin Crocker, of Ipswich in County of Essex, in New England, being 
in Health of Body and Mind & Memory (thro the Favour of Almighi G I, . & 
calling to Mind the Uncertainty of Lite and Certainty of Death, Do make and 
Ordain this my last Will and Testament, and Principally and above all I recom- 
mend my Soul into the Hands of God, Thro Jesus Christ, hoping tor his sake and 
Righteousness to find acceptance with God at the great Day of his Appearing; 
and my Body to decent Christian Burial: and touching such worldly Estate .1- G 
been pleased to bestow upon me, I give and dispose of the same in Manner follow- 
ing, viz. — 

Imprimis. I give to my well beloved wife Elizabeth fourteen pounds, and all 
that estate which she brought with her to me upon our Marriage; provided and on 
Condition she shall acquit all her Right or Claim and Interest in & to all the rest 
of my estate. 

Item. I give to my daughter, Mary Gunnison, the two best silver spo >ns, 
which, with what I gave her at her Marriage, together with what she held or' land, 
which she had of land which she and her Brother sold to Charles Tuttle after her 
Marriage, which I account of a sufficient Part of my Estate. (The particulars of 
which I have set down in a Pocket Book in my Desk.) 

Item. I give all the rest of my Estate both real and personal or what 
Nature soever to my son John Crocker, after my Debts and funeral Charges are 
paid by my said Son. Benjamin Crocker. 

[Probate Records 343:481] 

Mary Crocker, the first wife of Benjamin, received the property from her 
father, Major John Whipple. No record of sale, gift or inheritance from her 
remains, but the identity of the property is indisputable as will appear from our 
subsequent study of adjoining estates. 


The will of Major John Whipple, Crocker's father-in law, is of mu« 

and 1 append it in full : 


In the name of God Amen. The thirtieth das of \- 1722. I lohn 

Whipple, of Ipswich,. In the County of Rbsex in N . 1. tiul, ick & 

weak of Body but of perfect Mind & Memory, Thanks I e (.:. to G d therefore, 
Calling to Mind y e Mortality of m\ Bod) & knowing y« Is Appointed l' 
Once to Dye Doe make and Ordaine This m;. Lasi Will & Testament; tl 
say principally & first of all i Give and recommend m\ Soul Into th< 
God that Gave it, and my Body 1 Rccomend to ye Earth to be burved in a Decent 
& Christian Buriall att ye Discretion of my Exec, nothing Duubting but att yc 
Genii Resurrection 1 shall receive the same againe by ye Almighty powei I 1 
and as touching such Worldly Estate wherewith It hath pleased God to bless in This 
Life, I Ciive, Demise & Dispose of the .same in the following Manner or Purine. 

Impr. 1 give to my Daughter Mary Crocker & To the Heirs of her Bod) 
Lawfully begotten my now Dwelling House & Homestead with all the buih 
upon the same. Also J give to my Daughter Crocker all ye furniture both of the 
parlour and Parlour chamber also one Bed More Mich as shee shall Chusc with all 
ye furniture to ye same belonging, also Three pair of Sheets, Two Larj 
Cloths & Two Smaller Ones & Two Dozen of Napkins, also I give unto my 
Daughter Crocker all the utensills of y l: Kitchen & Leantoe & also mv two Neb 
oxen & all my Utensills tor husbandry, also One old Common Right & m\ Negro 
Man & Two Cowes. 

item. 1 give to my son-in-law Benj. Crocker my and fouling piece. 

Item. 1 give to my Grandson, Yl' m Brown, my pistolls and holsters. 

It. 1 give to my Granddaughter, Martha Brown, forty pounds. 

It. I give to Daughter Rogers my Negroe Woman Hannah. 

It. I give to mv Grandson, |ohn Rogers, twenty pounds and after all mv 
Lawful debts and all y e above Legacies & my funeral! Charges are all payd, the 
whole of my Estate which shall then remaine Doth real and personal, Bills, Bond.-, 
Whatsoever to be honestly apprized & Equally Divided between mv Three daugh- 
ters, Martha, Mary & Susannah. [Probate Records 313:458] 

INVENTORY. [313:555] 

Wareing apperell ^30 Book 80s Bills and Bonds ^182-14-6 

horse & mare etc £ 1 1 2 J 28 14 6 

26 ANNUAL Mi lll\,.- |>RKSIDI NT's *RP 

cows, steers, heffers & calves £±7 9s Household stuff in y* Hall 

£16 14s 

Household goods in ye bedroom below £2 >s in v bed room , , 6 15 ( 

In the Kitchen Chamber ^7 8s Sheers, Pillow beers, Napkins, 'I 

cloths, Towells 1 96s , - 

[ 2 yds Linnin Cloth 40s 12 yds Druggi |.os 20 yds Cotton & 

Linnin 40s old Curtain 6s t) 

z blankets, 2 Coverlids, 1 Rugg, 60s 1 Reel 1 os Linnen & W 

>' arn 38s - 8 

wool 10s Cotton wooll 30s bottles 20s 2 sadles 96s 12 bar e,Is 24.^ 

2 tubbs 6s 060 

5 swine 1 00s Calash & Tackling 40s Slav 1 8s - 1 S o 

an old saw mill standing on Ipswich River with w apurtenances be- 
longing to y LJ mill without y e priviledge of y ti streem 1 ^ 00 
An addition of the Parsonall Estate of John Whipple Esq. taken April 17th, 


One silver headed Cain 35s one walnut staff with silver head 1 is 

one old Desk 3s pr Cards is 4d 1 Knife and fork 2s about 50 (iro. 

buttons old 6s 0124 

1 pr sheers 6d 1 old press ? 1 8s 1 pine chest 4s 1 Table 4s 1 Do 

23 2 old Chairs is 1 pr stillards 5s 1146 

When the Rev. John Rogers receipted for his son's legacy, as his guardian, it 
is recorded that it was in accordance with the will of "Major fohn Whipple." 
It is important that every clew however slight to the successive generatioi 
Whipples be noted, as we enter now a bewildering maze of [ohn Whipple, Cap- 
tain John, Major John, Cornet fohn, Elder John, John Senior, etc., through which 
it is very difficult to thread our way. 

This will of Major Whipple drawn in 1722 contain.-, one item of note in 
determining the age or different portions of the house. It mentions the "kitchen & 
Leanto." One addition, at least, had been made prior to this date; but whether 
it was the very small leanto that seems to have been built first on the northeast 
corner, or the larger and later addition that provided a new kitchen, we can not 
determine. I incline to the former hypothesis, as there ib mention o( only tour 
rooms in the will and inventory. Two slaves are included in his estate, a negro 
man, who was given to Dame Crocker, and Hannah, who became the property ol 
the minister's wife, Mrs. John Rogers. We are glad that she was a pers mi of 
sufficient note to be mentioned by name. The humble black man, who was sand- 

ANNUA! Ml ITI\(. - |»R| | D , -. , 'j ,,, , ,- 

wiched in between "an old common right" and "'I » < , rntionc, 

only as a chattel . 

Major John Whipple was the eldcsi son of Captain John Whi| : I , who 

made his will in [683. The will is of value, and is inserted in full. I 
tory, which follows, is minute and is published in .1 ^en slightly abrid 



I, John Whipple Sen of Ipswich, having noi settled my estate before in case 
of death do thus order the estate which God hath gracioush given me. Inprimis 
my will is yt Elizabeth, my well beloved wire, shall enjoy one halfe ol 
dwelling house so long as shee shall see cause to live therein, and if my exccut rs 
shall provide her y c going of a cow or two, with y use of an horse tor her 1 
sions during yt time: And my will further is yt my execut 1-5 shall pa) or cau 
be paid unto her fifteen pounds by y c year, besides w l is already mentioned during 
y e time of her natural! Life. Item, my will is yt my daught' Susan Lane shall 
have y e portion w ch she hath already Received (which 1 judge to be about seaventy 
pound) made up an hundred and fifty pounds, in like specie as before. 1 will 
that my sd daughter shall have y e remainder of her portion paid her within three 
years after my decease. my will likewise is, that my youngest daughter Sarah 
Whipple shall be brought up with her mother ( if shee be willing thereuntc 
my executors to allow her w 1 maintenance is necessary thereunto, & to have like- 
wise an hundred and fifty pounds tor her portion at the time of' her marriage, or 
when she comes to one and twenty years ol age. Concerning my three sons, i: 
was my intent y l if my estate were divided into five parts v l my eldest son should 
enjoy two fifth parts thereof, y e other three to be left tor y other three viz. 
Matthew, [oseph & Sarah. But apprehending that I am not like to escape this 
sicknesse, 1 thus dispose concerning the same, viz. I will that my son |ohn and 
my son Matthew shall be execut rs of this my last will & testament tor y \ 
y l my son Joseph shall be joyned as an execute w lh them two, as soon as ever he- 
comes to be of age. And then my Will is that it" my son John enjoys all \" Lands, 
houses, buildings & appurtenances, and Priviledges thereunto belonging where he 
now lives together with v L ' Land in y c hands of Arthur Abbot to be Added there- 
unto: And that my son Matthew enjoyes y c Lands, houses, where he now lives, 
the appurtenances & priviledges w lh y e saw mill & y e Land in y c tenure 
Ross, y l then my son Joseph when becomes of Age shall enjoj y" houses, b 
ings, Malting office, w lh y e other Lands, pasture, Arable & meadow where I 


live as his right of Inheritance & portion, to him and his ; . 

yt my son John do help him to order & manage y« same till he himscl 

Age. And also my will is that then he pay an hundred pound oui of his en 

his sister Surah, and ye rest of her and her sister Susan's portion to be paid oui of 

y e Debts and other chattels which are found belonging to in I; • if m v 

two elder sons be not satisfied with this Distributi n oi m\ !' .,11 j s 

yt my whole estate (with what is in my son John's and Matthew': hands already 

of" houses and lands ) both reall and personal be equally divided by indilferem 

Appri/all into live parts, and if then my eldest son shall have rwo fifths thereof, mi 

son Matthew another fifth, and if Joseph shall have another tilth an ! 

shall be improved to pay debts and other Legacies and y' w 1 ever land falls to an> 

of my three sons shall be to them and their Heires forever. In , wherci I 

have set to my hand & seale this second of August 16S •. 

John 'A hippli . 
my will also is y l if my two sons, John & Matthew choose 
to enjoy y e farmes y l then ]"" shall also have y u ten acres 

of marsh by Quilters & Matthew as much of my marsh in |OMN WHIPPLE 
y c Hundreds to them and their Heires forever excepting . 
marsh in y e Island w (:h may be sold to pay debts. 

signed, sealed & Delivered in presence of us 

William Hubbard 
Samuel Phili ips 
Daniel Em 
[Probate Records 304:10] 

An Inventory of the Estate of Captaine John Whipple of Ipswich, taken bv 
us whose names are underwritten the tenth of Scptemb r 1683 

Impr s His wearing Apparell, Woollen & Linnen prized at £ 27 iSs r i!i o 

It. A feather Bed & Bolste 1 ' ^5 curt"* vallins, coverl d all of 

searge ^12 
It. A Diaper tablecloth at £2 5s a shorter Diaper tablecloth j£\ zs 6d 
It. An old cupboard cloeth 2s Lesser cupboard cloeth 5s towells 4s 
It. Three Pillow Beeres 9s 9 Diaper napkins 1 3s 6d 8 nankin.-, 7.- 
It. Turkey worke for chairs & fringe ,$; cloeth to make them £} 5s 
It. Linsy woolsey cloeth 12s 3d a Remnant of Broad cloth 6s a yd 

Kersey 8 s 
It. Fine cloth to bottom chairs £3 13s cushions 9s a chest ol 

drawers £2 1 5s 

t - 


- 6 

1 i 


9 6 




6 3 


1 ~ 


Two cushion stoolcs at 6s a great chairc $s Bra £\ j s 

A looking glass ios two wicker baskets 5s . . four 

chairs £ \ 1 2s 

'Two holsters £\ js coverlid £ 1 a blanket & sheci / 1 
A Bedstead & cover 16s 6 line wrought chairs £2 s.^ 
Three Leather chairs 9s fring chairc 6s .1 grcai chair 6s 

Fine Stool fringe 6s cushions 4s (covered) 

A fine wrought form & stoole 7s bra.- fire pan tongs .v sn 
Two pair of iron tongs & a warming pan 1 2s a case of kins , - 
Pistolls, holsters & Belt £2 15s one cushen and matt 7 s 
Brush & Broomes zs 3 Pictures 3s a Hook of Maps 5s 
Thirteen napkins & towclls 10s a course table cloth ios 
Two old table.-eloihs two to wells & two cheese cloth 6s 
Three cheetes 1 8s one sheet 8s one pair of" sheets 16s 
One pair of fine sheets £1 $s an old pair 6- old Book- 2: 

I wo eourse pillow beers }s three bolster cases 7s 3 pillow 

beeres 1 sheet 

One sheet 12s 6d old sheet 4s another 4s one she 

A sheet & Bolster ease 3s 6d a Pillow case & drawers 2S 
A yellow silk scarfc 12s an old yellow scarfe ios 
A yard l / 2 fine holand 15s Remn ts ol hol li,u 3s yarns, thread 

tape 7s 

One chest 6s a Rapeyer cSc Belt £\ 13s a cutlas 15s a 

Rapeyer ios 

Files and sawes 3s ehissells, gouges, gimblets 3s 8d 

Three pair of sheares 4s 6d two loeks zs one auger i: 

One auger is a span shackle & pin 2s . old Iron & stirrup irons 6- 

Two old Bills is whissells 3s Basket & Gloves 3s 

A Basket & yarne }s seales & lead weights 1 2s 

A compas 2s a file is A Razor & hone 3s Box &old iron 2- 6* 

A great Bible 1 6s in Books £5 $s 96 q Bottles of" syrrup 

of clove gilly fl 

Three bottles of Rosewater 6s two Bottles of mint water 3s 

A Glass Bottle of Port wine 2s Angelica water sirrup of gilli 

rl urs , strawberry water 3 Bottles 4s 3 pint Bottles a great 

Glass 4s 

Three greate Gaily Pots w Ul w l was in them 4s 2 earthen 

chamber pots, etc 


1 ' 









3 ° 

1 7 













S t, 

? 6 

I 4 

' ] 

- 6 


- I i 


- S g 


o i 9 

2 ft c 

2 I? C 

2 6 

o 1 5 6 
5 ' 4 6 

ANNUAL Ml i: N\<; l • 1 II-, 1 

t. A Box Drawers, two peices oi twine £1 2s a bag with 

1 s 6d 
t. Spurs and wyer is 6d 2 caynes 2s croaper and a girdle is ;d 

t. A Bedstead and cover above and below curtains an I \,ill.i /. ftj 

t. A cupboard with small things in it £1 3d A deske and 

drawers 12s 
t. A small Box is a brush and a stock to do limmes is 6d 
t. Seaven dishes oi' white earthen wait: one Bason and a sull\ bub 

pot 1 6s 
t. One glass slick stone earthen porrenger and pot ;s 2 flower 

pots is 
t. eight cushens £\ 10s table [os great chair 4., j sinal! 

chaires 6s 
t. To a great chaire 4s window curtain is 6d part of a Buriine 

cloth 8s 
t. Forty cheeses -Q^ an apple trough 6s two powdering rub> 

6s 6d Let her 2 s 
t. Three beer Barrells 8s a great glass is a powdering tub 5s 

and old tubs 4s , g c 

t. Two andirons 1 4s churn 4s rirkin w ,h 4 lb of butter £ 1 cs 2 

t. Two earthen pots 2s 4 pound candles 2s 8d a hand jack 

is 3d 2 p r scales gaily pot io - 

t. The best pewter 77 lb £j 14s 10 lb more oi' pewter £\ old 

pewter 15 lb £^\ candlesticks ,£1 
t. a Bed pan 9s two basons 8s tour old candlesticks 9s 5 salt 

sellers 5s one more 2s 
t. Two Basons & 4 Pottingers one beaker 9s 6 new pottingcrs 

7s 6d a pottinger 43 1 c 6 

t. Two pint pots 6s llagon 1 4s 2 quart pots 6s 1 (, q 

t. Two old chamb r pots 10s 4 lb old pewter & a ] qt bason 9s 

cop r pot 6s tin-ware 6s tin ? 111 o 

t; Plate one bowle ? ^3 three spoons -£\ 1 os silver cup 10s 

pair buttons 2s 6d three pair buttons 3s erne buckle is a pair 

of shoe buckles 6s 3 dozen of plate buttons £\ 6126 

t. a still with Instrum ts belonging £ \ 10s tin lanthorn is beams 

for scales & weights 2 1 o 

t. a Box iron 4s a smoothing iron is a brass copp er £~ a great 

Brass pan ^2 14s 919 c 

10 140 


ANNOA! , iui ., | , 


10 6 

1 o o 

1 ) ■ 

I \ 

o 1 6 i 

I I 

hl Twosm all brass pans ^i , 2i 6J ,,11 copper kittle I 5 s , 

brass kittle J\\ 5s 
It Two small brass skillets 6s 2 small brass Ladles & on< 

4 s 6d 
li. A brass bason 4s skillci ;., alii 1. bras i tic 7 s 
Ii. Wool comb, w*>' belongs to them 16s a brass chafbing d 
li. Two bell mettle pots one £1 > s y « other / 1 5* an iron 

kettle 8s & lit' iron pot 
It. Two dozen oi trenchers is 6d one tra\ 6 old dishes iv th other 

dishes 3s 4a 1 two piggins is 6d 
ft. Three cheeshoopes is earthen Pitcher 3d one payle, one pig in 

& strainer }s (jd 
It. An iron pot & pot-hooks «;s 6d two tramels w l1 ' irons to hang 

upon 1 2s 
h. a pair oi bellows, meat forke, augar & gridiron 4s a trammel 

with hooks to it 1 2s 0160 

It. a fowling piece £\ 10s iwo carbines £1 a jack, weight & a 

spit ^"210 000 

It. a salt box & salt is two old bibles is 4 old chairs & old 

joy in stoole 4s 060 

It. a mcale trough 6s sives 3s 6d shreding knife is frying pan 

and marking iron 4s 1 , 

It. a cushion 3s cap & fardingalls is a kettle & skillet 9s 1 3 o 

ir. a bed & bedding 15s old spinning wheel 3s an old chest js 1 1 c 

It. The Homestead at towne, dwelling house, kilne & other houses 330 o c 
It. a great saddle bridle & breast plate, crouper w ll) a cover at £$ 10s 3 10 o 

It. Pistols, holsters, breast plate crooper & simiter ^2 5s 2 5 

It. a tramel & sliec 6s 6 c 

It. two keelers 4s 40 

It. Lawrence y e Indian at £ ^ 3 yds crape at 6s 46c 

It. The farme Landes, Arthur Abbots housing & land 190 00 

It. Fennel Rosses housing & land 190 00 

It. The saw-mill w th all implements belonging to it 40 o o 

It. John's house & barn & kilne at 140 1 40 o c 

Jt. Matthew's house & barn 1 40 00 

The total appraisal was ^3314. 

It will be noticed that the homestead was apportioned to Joseph in the will, 


but in the final division as it is recorded under date of Oct. JI, 1684, fohn re- 
ceived "the mansion house his hither deceased in vvth Barn, , Kiln 
chards & homestead wth commonage & privileges in and upon Two 
of land be it more or less, called ye Homestead in Ipswich Towne." | B 10k 
folio 135]. 

Captain Whipple's farm lands included the preseni Gardner estate, I ; 
in Hamilton. His wealth was very unusual in his day, and the appraised val 
the house with its modest house lot is phenomenal. It was valued ai £330. 

Gen. Denison's property was inventoried the year before, [682, and his 
dwelling house was appraised at £ 1 60. [Ipswich Records 4:506]. He was a 
man of wealth [^2105] , and his house had been built but a tew years, a 
earlier residence had been burned, yet this line residence as we ma. imagine it to 
have been, was reckoned worth less than halt" as much as Capt. \^ hi; . 

Dep. Gov. Samuel Symonds died on Oct. 13th, 1678, five y ears be 
leaving an estate of 2534 pounds sterling, but his house and about two acres in 
town, in the very center, were estimated worth only one hundred and fifty pounds. 

These valuations confirm me in the belief that Captain Whipple's mansion 
was the grandest in the town or in the larger neighborhood. He inherited a com- 
fortable fortune from his father, John Whipple, the elder of the church. His will 
and inventory made in the year 1669, and indorsed upon the outside "Elder John 
Whipple" are as follows: 


[Filed, not recorded.] 

In the name of God, Amen. I, John W'hipple Senior of Ipswich in New 
England, being in this present time of perfect understanding and memory, though 
weake in body, committing my soule into the hands of Almighty God, and my 
body to decent buryall, in hope of Resurrection unto Eternall life by the Merit 
and power of Jesus Christ, my most mercy full Saviour and Redeemer, doe thus 
dispose of the temporall Estate w ch God hath graciousely given mee. 
Imprimis. I give unto Susanna Worth of Newberv my eldest daughter thirtv 

pounds and a sijycr beer bowle and a silver wine cup. 
Item. I give unto my daughter Marv Stone twentv pounds and on- silvei 

cup, and a silver dramme cup. 
Item. I give unto my daughter Sarah Goodhue twenty pounds. And all the res; 

of my houshold goods my will is that they shall be equally divided betwixt my 



three daughters afore sayd. Bui fur their oth i I e , my will 

should be payd them w^in tw 

out yt any of my daughters above sayd should be taken ... 

this time of payment be come, my will is thai the R 

payd to [heir Heyres when they come of age. Likev i I give urn 

Potter, my son-in-law sometime, [burn shillin s 

Moreover J give unto Jennett my beloved Wife ten t »un !■ vhi h , will 

. vt " should he payd her besides the fourteen pound, and y ami 

pounds a yeare engaged unto her in the Articles of Agreement hefor< 

Marryage. Concerning the fourscore pound, which i, to R I 

to her after my deeease, my will is y< it should he pa; i nc an 

manner of Pay) according to y sayd Agreement, viz : one third parr n 

wheat, Maultand Indian Come in equal] proportions, th< other t\\ 

neat Cattle under seaven yea re old. Further my will is \ ' no debt iho .1 i . . 

charged upon my said wife as touching any of her daughter.-,, until] il be fi 

proved to arise from the account of Mercy, Sarah or Mary. 

1 do appynt my loving friends, M r William Hubbard and Mr. John R 

Ipswich, the overseers of this my last will and Testament, and I do fie 

give them power to determine any difference y 1 may arise I 

and any of the Legatees, aforesayd, about y«= payments aforesayd. 1 

ordayn and Appoynt my son John Whipple the sole executor of this my last 

will and Testament. To whom 1 give all the rest of my estate, both h 

lands, cattle, Debts from whomsoever due and to his heyres forever. 

In confirmation whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seale this loth 

of May, 1669. In the presence of 

William Hubbard The marke of 

Robert Day 

The marke of | I | Edward Lummaj 


( ) 


This will was presented in court held at Ipswich the 28 of September, 1^9, 
by the oath of Mr. Wry Hubbard and Robert Day to be the last will an. I testa- 
ment of Elder John Whipple deceased to the best of their kuowleage. Aa 1 
Robert Lord, cleric. 

An inventory of the estate of Mr. John Whipple deceased the 30 of June, 

Impr. The farme contayning about three hundred and sixty acres 1 , o o 

It. The houses and lands in ye Towne contayning about one hun- 
dred acres - ^ < 
It. In apparell V o 


















1 1 

' 5 









It. In finnen 

it. A ffeather bed with ap] urtcnana 

It. In Plate 

It. In Pewter 

It. In Brasse 

It. In chayres, cushions, & other smaii 

It. A still 

It. Two Hock Beds 

It. Two Tables 

Jt. One musquet, one pr of mustard 

.It. Andirons, firepan & tongs 

It. Two mortars, two spitts 

It. In Bookes 

444 ' o 
Ipswich July 15th '69 

Richard Hubbard 

John Appleton 

(The originals are endorsed "'Eldei |. . Whipple)" 

The inventory was delivered in couri I id ' at Ipswich the 28 ofSeptcmber, l< ■' >, 
upon the oath of cornett John Whipple o e a full & true inventory of the estate of 

his ffather, deceased, to the best of his knowledge and if more appears afterward it 
should be added. As attest, 

Robert Lord, Cleric. 

The Elder's estate included the large 360 acre farm which had been divided 
into several by the prosperous Cornet and Captain, and other property, entered as 
"houses and lands in ye Towne contayning about one hundred acres," valued at 
^250. The two acre homelot and homestead was contained in this beyond a 
doubt, but we can not be sure how much else is included. Jt does not seem possi- 
ble that Captain Whipple's mansion should have been identical with the Elder's 
house. The great increase in value within the short period of fourteen years, 
1669 — 1683, indicates at least a substantial enlargement or rebuilding. This 
supposition harmonizes perfectly with the fact, apparent to every observer, that the 
eastern half of the present edifice was added to the western portion, and the elab- 
orate and costly style of the newer work presupposes such ample wealth as Cap- 
tain Whipple possessed. 

A very interesting parallel to such an enlargement is found in the old 
Howard or Ringe house, as it is called, near the Stone Bridge on Turkey Shore. 


J 5 

In William Howard's will dated Jub 23d, .709, he says, "li ... I „ , 

my loving and well-beloved wife the use both of the old cud ... m 
.ion and of the new end, solar a, she -hall have oc< ision lor Ju 
ural life." 

-Item. I give to my two , ... | ihn and Sanuel II 
John, the new end of my house mansion which is no 
half the stack of chimneys built in .said new end, which will 
use thereof. 

"Item. J give to my son Samuel im old mansion house and also one-half 
of the stack of chimneys built in the new end ofsaid house, which will best 
for the accommodation of said mansion house. 

Evidently a considerable change in the chimney of the old 1 s in- 

volved, and in our house, it is evident that the chimney stack was enlarge ! when 
this new portion was added. The Western half of our house ivas 
fore Elder Whipple's home, and as the tashion of houses was in those days, il 
a very good and comfortable house, much larger and better than many which 
were built in that period. Did he b.iild it? Probably. Ye; when he | 1 
his full title to the estate, a house was already built. The deed i- recorded in the 
old Ipswich Record, ( 1.89) and reads thus: 

Aid. that I, John Fawne, gent, do by these presents, allow, certilic & con- 
firme, unto Mr. John Whipple his heires and assigns forever, a ccrtaine bargaine & 
sale of an house Sc house lott in Ipswich conteining by estimation two a< & 1 
halfe, more or lesse, formerly sould unto the .-.aid |ohn Whipple by |ohn Jo ., 
Samuell Appleton, John Cogswell, Robert Muzzey, & Humphi B 
doe hereby release all my right and title thereunto, as witness my hand & scale, 
this loth day of October, 1650 John F 

The original deed is not to be found, and this quit claim dcud onlj perl ta 
the title to the property, which was purchased by Whipple from six w< 
citizens acting in some collective capacity, not vet discoverable. But i: is of great 
value as proving Fawn's original ownership. Hut John Whipple 1 ig on 

this spot in 1642, for in that year the town ordered that John \\ hippie "should 
cause the fence to be made between the house late Captain Dcnison's and the .. d 
John Whipple, namely on the side next Capt. Denison's." Bui Fawn's occu- 
pancy of this location had ceased in 1638, inasmuch as in our Town Record, it 
was recorded in 1638, that eight acres had been granted to Samuel 
above the Mill, the Town River on the South East, the house lot formerly ' I • 
Fawne's North East, and the highway leading into the Common, North v. 
Whipple may have been living there at that early period, but 1 cannot believe' 


that even the oldest part of this venerable house could have been in existence then. 

The original Whipple house, was probably some cheap, hastily built affair i 
and thatch. It was only when life became less precarious in the new settler 
that time and trouble could be taken to build substantial dwellings. 

These ancient grants afford us the first link, in the chain ol collateral evi 
which confirms our identification of the property mentioned in these various will, 
with our mansion and lot. 

Our Town Record mentions that Mr. Fawne had a houseloi adjoining to Mr. 
Appleton, six acres near the mill. 

Daniel Denison had a house let, next Mr. Fawne's "to come to the >cir; of 
the hill next the swamp." Denison's lot is again described as -near the mill, 
containing about two acres, which he hath paled in and built an house upon it, 
having Mr. Fawn's house lot on the South west." 

Denison's property included the tract bounded by Market, Winter & Union 
Sts. The Appleton lot was on both sides of the Topsfield road, beyond thepresem 
railway crossing. Fawn's land lay between them. As he sold only two and a 
half acres to Whipple the balance of his original grant had been sold apparently to 
Mr. Appleton as he always appears as the abutter on the western side. 

The grant to Denison originally included a lot that bounded the Whipple land 
on the South-East, i. e. toward the River. This was owned afterwards by John 
Burnham and Anthony Potter. A portion of this original Denison grant was 
owned by Jeremiah Belcher. 

On the occasion of his marriage with Mary Lockwood, Belcher conveyed to 
Mr. Robert Paine, Richard Brown of Newbury and Rob. Lord of Ipswich, "in 
behalf of the sayd Mary etc." "his now dwelling house with out-houses, orchards 
yards, gardens & all other the appurtenances and priviledges thereunto belonging, 
which house is scituate, lying & being in Ipswich aforesayd, ncare the mill on the 
north side the river, having the said river toward the southeast, and the land of 
John Whipple toward the norwest." 30:7:1652 [Ipswich Deeds, i:239*JTwelve 
years later, Jeremiah Belcher mortgaged his farm Sc town property to Capt. Geo. 
£orwin. The dwelling and land about it is described as follows: "On the West 
$ide of the Mill River, having the River on the East side thereof, the land of Elder 
Whipple on the west, and on the north, the Towne and mill & bordering south- 
ward upon the land of Elder Whipple. [Essex Deeds, 2:92.] 

On the 8th of April, 1672, Anthony Potter sold Samuel Belcher ( son of 
Jeremiah) a small piece of land, "joyneing to the houselott of Jeremiah Belcher and 
bounded therewith and with the river on the South and Southwest syde, and with 
the houselott of John Whipple on the Northwest and with the highway on the North 


East, all which piece ofland I had of John Burnham." [Ipswich Deeds, 5:223.] 
On April 20th, .672, the Rev. Samuel Belcher, Pastor on the Isle of Shoals, 
sold to Edward Lumase, in behalf of Richard Saltonstall, Esq. 

"A parcel! of ground near unto the mill, for to icti a h - ise upon for the miller, 
that shall keepe the mills from cyme to time, to live and dwell in while he or 
shall keepe the say d mills," "conteineing about six rodds of land bounded I 
fence of pales toward the West, the bame of Jeremiah Belcher toward the South, 
downe to a rocke near the end of the sd. bame toward the East, & comon land or 
highway, where gravell hath beene digged towards the North." [Ipswich Deed., 

This is the only deed which contains the name of Saltonstall. Before 
remarking on it, let me add two others. Mary Belcher, the widow of Jeremiah, sei 

over to her son Samuel, who then resided in Ipswich, "all that houselotl given jv 

made over to me by way of Jointure on Marriage, bounded bj 

grist mill in Ipswich easterly, Mr. John Appleton's land Southerly, Mr. John 
Whipple's land Northerly, the other part hounded by the wa\ to sd Land or lott, 
and partly by land granted to Major Dennison, now possessed and built on b\ 
Samuel Belcher." Novem. 11:1692 [Essex Deeds 49: 2 9 1] 

In 171 3, Sept. 25, Mr. Samuel Belcher sold this property to Capt. John 
Whipple "one halfe acre of Land he ye same more or less with v c house, barn and 

orchard standing thereon bounded northeasterly by a highway Leading to \' 

mill, Southeasterly by Ipswich River, Southwesterly by Land of Col. |ohn Apple- 
ton, Northwesterly by Land of y e above sd Capt. |ohn Whipple." 

[Essex Deeds, 29:61] 

Comparing these deeds it will be seen at once that the bit of land sold to Mr. 
Saltonstall for the miller's house, was only a part of" Samuel Belcher's land, and 
that the whole Belcher property was bounded then, as it had been for many years 
by the Whipple estate. Apart from that a six rod lot is rather small for a mansion 
like this, though it were then only half its present length. 

The old Jeremiah Belcher lot reappears in the "Brackenbury lor" which 
William Brackenbury, of North Carolina, planter, then in Ipswich, sold to Nath. 
Farley about ^ acre, which is bounded by John Crocker, the River and other land 
of Farley's. On April 30:1771, [lissex Deeds 129:112] when the heirs of 
Joseph Crocker sold to Col. Hodgkins, the lot was bounded b\ land of Enoch 
Pearson and Joseph Farley, the river, etc. 

Not a link of any importance is lacking. The direct pedigree or the land is 


through Fawn, the Whipples, and the Crockers to Col. Hodgkins. The ah iti 

estates are always bounded by these owners. Mr. Saltonstall never owned an inch 
of land on this site. The estate always include., two or two and a hall a< res. I 
dwell on this only in the interest of exact historic truth. We cannot call our 
house by the name of Saltonstall. If any name is given it, that of Whipple has 
first claim. 

To my mind the particular name we give this house is of small moment. 
The old mansion itself is a constant reminder of all the glorious names which 
hallow and illumine the early years of our town life, Saltonstall and Winthrop, 
Symonds and Denison, Ward and Norton and Hubbard and all the rest. They 
were all friends of the Elder. Every one of them may have crossed our threshold. 
ks we sit here in the flickering fire-light we seem to see them sitting as of old, and 
;onversing on the great themes, matters of public safety, affairs of church and 
itate, and the momentous events that were happening in the dear old England, 
which were much in their minds. The old pavement in the door yard ring.-, again 
,vith the hoof-beats of (Japt. Whipple's horse hurrying to lead his trooper on a 
iwift ride to Andover to repel an Indian assault. John Appleton and Thomas 
^rench are talking in this very room of their imprisonment and trial for advocating 
esistance to the royal governor's edict, and demanding representation before they 
vould submit to taxation. Col. Hodgkins and Col. Wade and Major Burnham 
moke and sip their steaming cups and chat of Bunker Hill and Yorktown, of Bur- 
;oyne and Cornwallis, Washington and Lafayette. 

The rumble of Polly Crafts' loom overhead, the whirr of spinning wheels, 
he beat of the churn, the roar of great winter fires, the hissing of meats on the 
ong spits, the voices of children at their play, or demurely reciting the catechism, 
he good-wife's chat with neighboring gossips, the loud laughter of the slaves, the 
ale of love, the solemn declaration of the last Will and Testament, the weeping 
)f mourners blend strangely together in these low vaulted rooms. 

We see visions as we sit and dream, of Thanksgiving feast days, when the 
ong tables groaned under their weight of delicacies, of weddings and funerals, 
•f home-comings and leave-takings. 

Thus the life of the ancient times revives again, the history of other days 
iecomes a living reality, and the sombre old mansion is made a living, speaking 
vitness to the naturalness, the simplicity, the sturdiness, the refinement, the devo- 
ton of the old Puritan home life. 

It remains for us, catching the inspiration of this hour, to make this house a 
worthy memorial of the Past. 



By vote of the Society, the old house with land under and adjoining, 
nig i 10 feet S. E. on the Damon line, 103 feet N. W., 94 feet N. K. on land of 
Bond, and 70 feet, S. E. on the street, was purchased of Mr. Bond for $1650. 

The work on the house was begun in the latter part of May. The first step 
was to remove the ceiling from the rooms as it was evidently of late date, disclos- 
ing the original plastering upon the floor boards of the second story. Fortunately 
this old ceiling was so well preserved in the upper rooms, that a series of patches 
and several coats of whitewash, restored it to a very satisfactory condition. The 
modern small fire places were torn away, disclosing the great originals, which were 
so well preserved in the main that it was an easy task to restore them to their first 

This was followed by a thorough scraping and scouring of all the wood work 
to remove the grime of years, and innumerable coats of whitewash. The 
moulded edges of the main beams and the hue beading on the boarding of the par- 
titions and the old doors, rendered this work of cleaning slow and difficult, but the 
result has justified the expenditure involved. The heavy work of repair was en- 
trusted to Mr. Edward W. Choate. Under his supervision new sills were placed 
under the whole house, a considerable portion of the lower story was re-studded 
and newly boarded, new clapboards laid, and the roof virtually rebuilt. The 
decayed portions of the ornamental beams on the gable end were skilfully removed, 
yawning weather cracks deftly filled, and the lines of the old building everywhere 
restored with fidelity. Within, new floors were laid throughout the house, but the 
joists of the second floor were in perfect condition. Considerable portions ot the 
brick- work that filled the space between the studs from sill to plate, were of neces- 
sity removed to admit of the necessary repairs, but great care was exercised in 
securing in place all that could be spared, and quite a large part of this ancient 
w r ork remains in place today, adding very materially to the safety ot the house in 
case of fire. 

The chimney was rebuilt at the top and careful repairs were made at the base 

+° ANNUAf. MV.V.TtNG — REPORT OF < O.M Mil II I ,, 

and within the fire-places to render the free- use of the old fire-place* 

New plastering was laid in the lower rooms, but in the upper rooms, b) - 

experiment, a compound of clay., sand and sail hay, after the ancient fashion, 

used and with very gratifying success. 

fn the finish of the lower West room, which seemed besi adapted for exhibi- 
don purposes, the fine old buffet in the corner seemed to justify the use ol 
excellent panelling from the old Rogers manse on High street built in 1728, which 
was removed by Mr. John B. Brown when he remodelled the old house, and t 
kindly given by him to the Society. The venerable painted panel given U the 
late Geeorge Caldwell was inserted. These portions ol the woodwork were 
painted, in accordance with the fashion of the last century, but this is the only 
in which any modern style of finish has been resorted to. 

The doors of the second story are the originals, those in the lower story 
are new, but those leading from the entry into the kitchen and the exhibition room 
were constructed from an old board partition in another parr of the house. 

The stairway was built according to the suggestions made by Mr. Kelley, 
an architect of Boston, who very kindly sent full working drawings. The win- 
dows, as the report of the President explains, were re-located in their original 
place and restored to their first style. 

The rear portion of the house is nearly ready lor the occupancy of a resident 
care-taker. By throwing two very small bed rooms into a single compartment and 
constructing a new chimney, two very comfortable living rooms have been secured 
on the lower floor, and some sleeping rooms with slant ceiling in the second story. 
A small apartment is reserved for storage on the second floor, and a similar unfin- 
ished room below affords an excellent location for a large fire-proof vault which 
should be built as soon as funds are available. By the kindness of the Investing 
Committee of the old Ipswich Rural Improvement Society, an unused balance in 
the Savings Bank of £56.14. was contributed to the Society. This was applied to 
the grading and beautifying of the grounds and met not only this expense, but the 
substantial part of the cost of staining the house. 

Due recognition should be made of the hearty interest in the work shown by 
Mr. Edward W. Choate and Mr. Austin L. Lord in their departments, and Mr. 
Jeremiah L. Sullivan who supervised the grading and sodding, and accomplished a 
/evy tasty and creditable piece of work. The services of Mr. James Thibedeau and 
Mr. Leander Goditt have been of great value. Weeks of hard and painstaking 
oil in scraping and scrubbing the woodwork, with wonderful patience and per- 
sistence, perfect readinsss to do anything, however far removed from the natural 
province of a carpenter and his constant watch and care have brought the Society 


• : 

largely in debt to Mr. Thibedcau, and Mr. Goditi ha :ei ■ • I I . 

x the past three months. 

The profoundest gratitude is due from this Society to non-resident a i 
resident friends and members, whose generous gifts have mad< 
and whose hearty interest has given constant encouragement. 

T. Prank Wati rs, ^ 

Ch *s, A. S ,vu ard, j Commit! 

John J. Sir 1.1 . J. n 

E\ i rard 1 1. Martin, | Repairs 
I). Fuller Apim i ion, J 

'Joseph I. Horton, Treasurer, in account with the Ipswich Historical Society. 

To balance from '97 
To membership dues 
To contributions 


1 21.00 


( K. 

By rent to April 1, '98 50.00 

By current expenses (r. )\ 

By house bills I2l6.7j 

By bank bal., cash and stamps 194.63 




Rent due Agawam Lodge, J. O. of O. F 
House Bills 


Balance in bank, cash, etc. 
Unpaid contributions 
New contribution 

Balance still unprovided for 

Ipswich, December 5, 1898. 





50. CO 





Respectfully submitted, 

Joseph I. Horton, Treasurer. 




Teaming Willard Harris 
Albert Tenney 
Frank Howe 

Labor James Morey 
Edward Davis 
Jeremiah Sullivan 

Painting John W. Goodhue 
J. Howard Lakeman 

Carpenters Edward Choate 
Leander Goditt 
James Thibedeau 
Henry Tonge 
Edward J. Faxon 

Masons Austin Lord 


Lumber Perkins Lumber Co. 
James Graffum 
Tarr & James 
S. F. Canney, on acct 

Payment, James W. Bond 

Interest. Interest on note 

Water. Ipswich Water Department 

Stationery. (See Bill) 

Incidentals. (See Bill) 

Printing. Lewis R. Hovey on acct 


John W. Goodhue, balance of account beyond subscription 
Lewis R. Hovey, " " 






I 2 







1 5 




3 2 
















1 , y.yv. 




I 2O.3 I 

















Theodore F. Cogswell, insurance 
Benjamin Fevvkes, trees and shrubs 
Austin Lord, labor 
John Edwin Kimball, windows 
S. F. Canney, balance of account 


20. CO 
6 1 . ) o 




Dec. 8, 1897. Printing postals 

Dec. 9, Work on old sign 

Dec. 1 6, Mr. Jackson's Lecture, railroad tickets 

Dec. 18, Wood 

Jan. 24, 1898. Express 

Feb. 2, Postals 

Feb. 5, Stamps 

" Account Book 

Feb. 8, Mrs. Stevens's lecture 

Feb. 25, Salem Press, •printing annual pamphlet 

Mar. 5, Paper and envelopes 

Mar. 6, Stamps, etc. 

Mar. 12, Wood 

Mar. 16, Stamps 

Apr. 27, Shellac 

Apr. 29, Mr. Wade, work on chairs 

May 10, Stamps 

" Charles Jewett, reseating chairs 

'« Hale Wait, janitor's fees 


Rent due Agawam Lodge, I. O. of O. F. 


2 -75 

1 .00 

• SO 




4 2 -35 


1. 00 



• 2 5 






Charles E. Ames 
Daniel Fuller Appleton 
Francis R. Appleton 
Randolph M. Appleton 
Mrs. Helen Appleton 
Charles W. Bamford 
John A. Blake 
John E. Blakemore 
James W. Bond 
Warren Boynton 
Charles W. Brown 
Edward F. Brown 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown 
Henry Brown 
John B. Brown 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown 
Daniel S. Burnham 
Augustine Caldwell 
Sarah P. Caldwell 
Charles A. Campbell 
Philip E. Clark 
Lucy C. Coburn 
Theodore F. Cogswell 
Harriet D. Condon 
Edward Constant 
Charles S. Cummings 
George G. Dexter 
C. Bertha Dobson 
Harry K. Dodge 
John M. Donovan 
Arthur W. Dow 
George F. Durgin 
George Fall 
'Milo H. Gates 
Mrs. Pauline Gates 
Guy W. Gilbert 
Mrs. Florence Gilbert 

John S. ( Mover 
John \V. Goodhue 
James ( rraffum 
Mrs. Eliza II. Green 
Lucy Hamlin 
George II. \V. Hayes 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard 
Alice 1 (card 
John 1 [eard 
Joseph 1 . 1 Ionon 
Lew is R. I Iovcv 
Gerald L. Hoyt 
John A. Johnson 
Edward K.avanagh 
Charles M. Kelly 
|ohn C. Kimball 
Aaron Kinsman 
Caroline L. Lakeman 
Curtis E. Lakeman 
G. Frank Langdon 
Austin L. Lord 
George A. Lord 
Lucy Slade Lord 
Thomas H. Lord 
George E. Macarthy 
Mrs. Isabelle G. Macarth 
James F. Mann 
John P. Marston 
Everard H. Martin 
Mrs. Marietta K. Martin 
John \Y. Nourse 
Robert B. Parker 
Martin V. B. Pcrley 
Moritz B. Philipp 
Augustine PL Plouff 
James E. Richardson 
Fred G. Ross 


Joseph Ross 

Joseph F. Ross 

William H. Russell 

William S. Russell 

Angus I. Savory 

Charles A. Say ward 

Mrs. Henrietta W Savward 

George A. Schofield 

Edward A. Smith, Salem 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaulding 

Frank H. Stockwell 

John J. Sullivan 

Arilmr L. 
John E. Tenney 
Mrs, Annie T. Tenne) 
Ellen Trask 
Bayard Tu< kerman 
Charles S. Tuckerman 
Francis II. Wade 
Luther Wait 
Henry C. Warner 
T. Frank Waters 
Frederic Willcomb 
Wallace P. Willetl 


Wm. Sumner Appleton, Boston 
Lamont G. Burnham, Boston 
Eben Caldwell, Elizabeth, N. J. 
Luther Caldwell, Washington, D. C. 
Stephen Caldwell, Avoca, Iowa 
Charles W. Darling, Utica, N. Y. 
Elisha P. Dodge, Newburyport 
Miss Caroline Farley, Cambridge 
Jesse Fewkes, Newton 
Augustus P. Gardner, Hamilton 
Charles L. Goodhue, Springfield 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray 
Arthur W. Hale, Winchester 


Otis Kimball, Boston 

Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston 

Adeline Manning, Boston 

Mrs. Mary W. Manning, New York 

Henry S. Manning, New York 

Mrs. Mary S. C. Peabody 

Frederic H. Ringe, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Mrs. Henry M. Saltonstall, Boston 

Richard W. Saltonstall, Boston 

Joseph Spiller, Boston 

Harry W Tyler, Boston 

George Willcomb, Boston 

Robert C. Winthrop Jr., Boston 



(It is hoped that every gift or loan is acknowledged, bul in the hurr) of the 

dedication of the House, articles may have been ':■,.,. h in of which no re 

was made. ) 

Mrs. Mary P. Adams, loan, pair of brass andirons. 

Daniel S. Appleton, dash chum, busk, shoe-buckles, tobacco-l 

Daniel W. Appleton, ladle owned by hi, great-grandmother, Lydia Dane, 

sister of Nathan Dane who lived to be 104. years old. 

Miss Mary W. Appleton, loan, high "case of drawer.,." 

Mrs. G. Guy Bailey, loan, china, chairs. 

Enoch Bailey, medal and coin. 

William H. Bird, grape shot from Gettysburg. 

John E. Blakemore, business card of Paul Revere, printed from plate probably 
made by him. 

Joseph Brickwood, Confederate bank note. 

Mrs. Albert S. Brown, loan, brass andirons, ancient chair. 

Mrs. Everett K. Brown, straw bed. 

Elizabeth Choate Brown, Providence, Carriers' Annual address [pswich 
Journal 1828. 

Miss Lucy H. Brown, Boston, Marseilles quilt, chairs. 

Sylvester Brown, map of "Land of Promise." 

Mrs. Thomas Brown, two arm-chairs very ancient, husk-broom, iron kettle, 
candlestick, snuffers, tongs, trivet, lantern. 

Mrs. William G. Brown, chairs, looking glass, china, caftdlestick. 

Rev. Augustine Caldwell, pamphlet John Rogers, pamphlets t< *r distribution, 
"The old Meeting House, 1 747-1 838." 

Miss Joanna Caldwell, almanacs, pamphlets and books, case of sail needles. 

John Caldwell, mahogany cradle. 

Col. Luther Caldwell, life of Paul Jones, picture of Gov. Bradstreet. 

Mr. Casey, Salem, picture of Lafayette. 

Daniel G. Chapman, box used by Corporal Foster while horse shoeing. 

Mrs. E. C. Cowles, tinder-box, sconce from old chapel of First Church, 
Life of Miss Zilpah P. Grant, (Mrs. Bannister). 

Rev. Temple Cutler, Gloucester, Book owned b\ Rev. Manas,seh Cutler. 

Edward Damon, pictures, "The Constitution," "Queen Elizabeth." 

Henry Dunnels, Indenture, John to Zaccheus Newmarsh, 1696. 

LOAN'S AND < ON I KIHl I in . . 

Jason Ellsworth, glass ball and keg buo) u ed i I liermen. 

Essex Institute, Salem, "The Firsi Half-Centur) o le Essex 1 
Mrs. Mary S. Farley, table, feather bed, bellows, wash itand. 

Jesse Fewkes, Newton, portions of lace ma« hinei 
in Ipswich Lace Factory. 

Mrs. John Gilbert, long handled fry pan. 

Mrs. George H. Green, table with turned legs. 

George Harris, rocking chair. 

Mrs. E. J. llsley, copy of The Columbian Sentinel, rcl H 


Misses Jewett, loan, seraphine and native musical instrument, large tin kitchen 
with two spits, flax, rubbers, shoe.-,, Indian moccasins, greai I rass \ sttle, train:, 
chairs, hats and bonnets. 

Mrs. Charlotte M. Jones, loan, wooden balances, lantern. 

Edward Kavanagh, Gideon Foster's chocolate tin used in his fi | Pea- 

body ; pamphlet, "Dea. Giles's distillery." 

Edward P. Kimball, Toledo, Ohio, epaulei worn by Col. Chas. Kimball; 
Regimental order 1821, Old Deeds, Promissory note for rations in Continc I 1 
Army, fac-similes old publications. 

Miss Fannie V. R. Kimball, Boston Globe, Sep:. 2-, 1881, with Garfield 

Fred A. Kimball, chest, mixing-tray for bread. 

Frederic Lamson, Salem, oil painting,,, photographs, tools used by Daniel 1 
Ross, Japanese bowl. 

Mrs. Martha Lamson, "Dying Speech and Confession of William Li 


Mrs. Eliz. C. Lavalette, Sermons by Benj. VVadsworth. 

Wm. H. Lavalette, old tailor's shears, seed-planter owned by Pik N 
descendant of Rev. Nicholas No) es, more than 60 years old. 

Francis H. Lee, Salem, souvenir \ ictoria Jubilee, English penny. 

Miss Lucy Slade Lord, loan, wine-case owned by her father, Joseph L rd, 
supercargo many voyages to China; pamphlet, "The Simple Colder of Aga- 
wam," sermons, Continental money. 

James F. Mann, lamps, loan china, table, candlesticks, } ewter. 

John W. Mansfield, drawing from Libby Prison. Document taken by him 
from desk of Alexander H. Stephens in the Capitol at Richmond. ' 

Mrs. Joseph Marshall, ancient fringe tor bed-canopy. 

Mrs. Everard H. Martin, loan, miniature trunk, lace veil. 



Mrs. Eliz. Merry, Nottingham cup and saucer. 

George von L. Meyer, pair Hessian andirons. 

George V. Millett, fire-pan. 

Mrs. Eben B. Moulton, loan, ancient wooden-tunnel, brass ladle and skii 
mer, ancient spring balance. 

New York State Library, Second Annual Report of State Historian. 

Alfred Norman, political banner. 

Miss Hannah Peatfield, piece of the first web of Bobbin-net lace, made in 
Ipswich in 1828 by James Peatfield, book "The Christian in armor." 

I. E. B. Perkins, wooden shovel. 

A. H. Plouff, sheet of Continental money. 

Mrs. Edward Plouff, books, snuffers, herbs and dried apples. 

Capt. Wm. Randall, piece of hand-hose brought up by divers from the wreck 
of the Maine, Havana harbor. 

Mrs. Silvanus Reed, New York, Photograph Gen. fames Reed. 
James E. Richardson, old pestle and mortar, candle-mould, foot-stove, sam- 
pler, Esther Willson Silhouettes and Snuff Box. 

Dr. William H. Russell, sword. 

Mrs. Charles Smith, iron candlestick. 

Edward A. Smith, Salem, knapsack. 

Mrs. Jeremiah Smith, china, clock, letter box, lamps. 

Augustine H. Spiller, brick from ancient house on site of George E. Farley's 

George Spiller, one dollar Merchants & Manufacturers Bank, Pittsburgh, old 

Frank Stackpole, foot stove, old jugs and bottles. 

Daniel W. Stone, pamphlet, sermon by Jonathan Edwards, loan, candle- 

Robert Stone, loan, tongs and shovel with andirons previously loaned. 

Dr. Frank Stockwell, loan, ancient sofa. 

Mrs. J. J. Sullivan, loan, china, pewter, chairs, Indian implements. 

Jeremiah A. Sullivan, 8 pound cannon ball, dug up on his grounds. 

James Thibedeau, swingling knife for flax, candlestick used on fishing schoon- 
ers and fishing gear. 

Mrs. Charles S. Tuckerman, loan, piano, china, fire-bucket, Saltonstall old 
lamp and lanterns. 

Miss Sarah Wade, braided mat. 



Mrs. Eliza Walton, Indian basket owned by her grandfather, Wattl Uvmns 
1789, engraving, George Whitefield. 

Mrs. Caroline L. Warner, brass lamp, ancient embroidered linen. 

George F. Waters, button, loan, Indian implements. 

Mrs. Edward B. Wildes, homespun linen for bed. 

Frederic Willcomb, Sermon at ordination of David T. Kimball, Centennial 
discourse David T. Kimball, calendars. 

Wallace P. Willett, roll of drill club 1861. 

Mrs. Henry Wilson, braided mat. 

Mrs. Caroline Woods, framed photograph of Rev. Dr. Fit/. 

Western Reserve Historical Society, Annals of the Early Settlers Association 
of Cayahoga Co., Ohio. 

Erratum: — On pages 3 and 17, the date of the annual meeting should be 

December 5.